人間樂園

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人間樂園
藝術家 耶罗尼米斯·博斯
年代 1503年-1504年
類型 木板油彩三聯畫
大小 220 cm × 389 cm(87 in × 153 in)
位置 馬德里普拉多博物館

人間地獄》(英语The Garden of Earthly Delights),又譯為《夏娃的創造》、《娛樂之園》,是早期尼德蘭派大師耶罗尼米斯·博斯(約1450年-1516年)的三聯畫作品,自1939年起為馬德里普拉多博物館館藏。它作於1490年至1510年間,博斯約為四十多或五十多歲之時[1],是他最負盛名、也是最竭盡心力的作品[2][3]。它展現出博斯時值巔峰的畫藝;畫作涵義的複雜性以及生動的意象都是他其他作品所無法比擬的[4]

引用[编辑]

  1. ^ 博斯的實際生年不詳,約為1450年。Gibson, 15–16
  2. ^ Snyder 1977, 9
  3. ^ Snyder 1977, 96
  4. ^ Bosing, 60

參考資料[编辑]

  • Baldass, Ludwig von. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1960.
  • Belting, Hans. Garden of Earthly Delights. Munich: Prestel, 2005. ISBN 3-7913-3320-8.
  • Bosing, Walter. Hieronymus Bosch, C. 1450-1516: Between Heaven and Hell. Berlin: Taschen, September 29, 2000. ISBN 3-8228-5856-0.
  • Cinotti, Mia. The Complete Paintings of Bosch. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969.
  • De Beatis, Antonio. The Travel Journal of Antonio De Beatis Through Germany, Switzerland, the Low Countries, France and Italy, 1517-18. London: Hakluyt Society, January 31, 1999. ISBN 10-0904-1800-77.
  • De Tolnay, Charles. Hieronymus Bosch. Tokyo: Eyre Methuen, 1975. ISBN 0-413-33280-2.
  • Delevoy, Robert L. Bosch: Biographical and Critical Study. Lausanne: Skira, 1960.
  • Fränger, Wilhelm and Kaiser, Ernst. The Millennium of Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1951.
  • Gibson, Walter S. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1973. ISBN 0-500-20134-X.
  • Glum, Peter. "Divine Judgment in Bosch's 'Garden of Earthly Delights". The Art Bulletin, Volume 58, No. 1, March 1976.
  • Glum, Peter. The key to Bosch's "Garden of Earthly Delights" found in allegorical Bible interpretation, Volume I. Tokyo: Chio-koron Bijutsu Shuppan, 2007. ISBN 978-4-8055-0545-8.
  • Gómez, Isabel Mateo. "Hieronymus Bosch: The Garden of Earthly Delights". In Gaillard, J. and M. Hieronymus Bosch: The Garden of Earthly Delights. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1989. ISBN 0-517-57230-3.
  • Harbison, Craig. The Art of the Northern Renaissance. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1995. ISBN 0-297-83512-2.
  • Kleiner, Fred & Mamiya, Christian J. Gardner's Art Through the Ages. California: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning, 2005. ISBN 0-534-64091-5.
  • Koldeweij, A. M. and Vandenbroeck, Paul and Vermet, Bernard. Hieronymus Bosch: The Complete Paintings and Drawings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001. ISBN 0-8109-6735-9.
  • Larsen, Erik. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Smithmark, 1998. ISBN 0-7651-0865-8.
  • Linfert, Carl (tr. Robert Erich Wolf). Bosch. London: Thames and Hudson, 1972. ISBN 0-500-09077-7.
  • Moxey, Keith. "Hieronymus Bosch and the 'World Upside Down': The Case of The Garden of Earthly Delights". Visual Culture: Images and Interpretations. Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1994, 104–140. ISBN 0-8195-6267-X.
  • Rooth, Anna Birgitta. Exploring the garden of delights: Essays in Bosch's paintings and the medieval mental culture. California: Suomalainen tiedeakatemia, 1992. ISBN 951-41-0673-3.
  • Snyder, James. Hieronymus Bosch. New York: Excalibur Books, 1977. ISBN 0-89673-060-3.
  • Snyder, James. The Northern Renaissance: Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575. Second edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2004. ISBN 0-13-150547-5.
  • Veen, Henk Van & Ridderbos, Bernhard. Early Netherlandish Paintings: Rediscovery, Reception, and Research. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2004. ISBN 90-5356-614-7.
  • Hieronymus Bosch. London: Grange Books, 2005. ISBN 1-84013-657-X.

外部連結[编辑]