墨头鱼属

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墨頭魚屬
Garra
Garra rufa
Garra rufa
科學分類
界: 动物界 Animalia
門: 脊索动物门 Chordata
綱: 輻鰭魚綱 Actinopterygii
目: 鲤形目 Cypriniformes
科: 鲤科 Cyprinidae
亞科: 野鲮亚科 Labeoninae(有争议)
屬: 墨头鱼属 Garra
F. Hamilton, 1822
模式種
Garra rufa
Heckel, 1843
異名

Ageneiogarra Garman, 1912
Brachygramma Day, 1865
Discognathichthys Bleeker, 1860
Discognathus Heckel, 1843
Lissorhynchus Bleeker, 1860
Mayoa Day, 1870
Placocheilus Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He, 1977
Platycara McClelland, 1838

墨頭魚屬(学名:Garra)为輻鰭魚綱鯉形目鲤科[1]野鲮亚科(Labeoninae)[2][3]的一個,常用於水族缸內以清除缸內生長的藍藻。儘管本屬物種的絕大部份(超過100個物種)原生於亞洲,當中有五分之一物種分佈於非洲(但只限於西非,不包括北非南非洲),當中以埃塞俄比亞的物種多樣性最高。

本屬由蘇格蘭自然學家弗朗西斯·布坎南-汉密尔顿Francis Buchanan-Hamilton)於1822年建立,作為鯉屬之下的一個亞屬,未有指定模式屬。

物種[编辑]

現時本屬有物種122種,分別如下:

参考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer & Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Garra ignestii in FishBase. 2011年12月版本
  2. ^ 野鲮亚科鱼类发育研究获新进展. 科学网. 2010-12-06 [2010-12-06]. 
  3. ^ Zheng, Lan-Ping; Yang, Jun-Xing; Chen, Xiao-Yong; Wang, Wei-Ying. Phylogenetic relationships of the Chinese Labeoninae (Teleostei, Cypriniformes) derived from two nuclear and three mitochondrial genes. 2010-09-10. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00441.x. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Arunachalam, M., Nandagopal, S. & Mayden, R.L. (2013): Morphological diagnoses of Garra (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from North-Eastern India with four new species description from Brahmaputra River. Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture, 4 (3): 121-138.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Nebeshwar, K. & Vishwanath, W. (2013): Three new species of Garra (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from north-eastern India and redescription of G. gotyla. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (2): 97-120.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Nebeshwar, K. & Vishwanath, W. (2015): Two new species of Garra (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from the Chindwin River basin in Manipur, India, with notes on some nominal Garra species of the Himalayan foothills. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 25 (4): 305-321.
  7. ^ Lalronunga, S., Lalnuntluanga & Lalramliana (2013): Garra dampaensis, a new ray-finned fish species (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Mizoram, northeastern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 5 (9): 4368–4377.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Kurup, B.M. & Radhakrishnan, K.V. (2011): Two new cyprinid fishes under the genus Garra (Hamilton) from Kerala, Southern India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 107 (3) [2010]: 220-223.
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Hamidan, N.A., Geiger, M.F. & Freyhof, J. (2014): Garra jordanica, a new species from the Dead Sea basin with remarks on the relationship of G. ghorensis, G. tibanica and G. rufa (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 25 (3): 223-236.
  10. ^ Nebeshwar, K., Bagra, K. & Das, D.N. (2012): Garra kalpangi, a new cyprinid fish species (Pisces: Teleostei) from upper Brahmaputra basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 4 (2): 2353–2362.
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Arunachalam, M., Nandagopal, S. & Mayden, R.L. (2014): Two new Species of Garra from Mizoram, India (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) and A General Comparative Analyses of Indian Garra. Species, 10 (24): 58-78.
  12. ^ Tamang, L. (2013): Garra magnidiscus, a new species of cyprinid fish (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) from Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (1): 31-40.
  13. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2012): A New Species of the Genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 from the Chindwin Basin of Manipur, India (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Labeoninae). International Scholarly Research Network (ISRN Zoology), 2012: 1-6.
  14. ^ Shangningam, B. & Vishwanath, W. (2012): Validation of Garra namyaensis Shangningam & Vishwanath, 2012 (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Labeoninae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (1): 10-10.
  15. ^ Arunachalam, M. & Nandagopal, S. (2014): A New Species of the Genus Garra Hamilton, (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Nethravathi River, Western Ghats, India. Species, 10 (24): 43-57.
  16. ^ Arunachalam, M., Raja, M., Nandagopal, S. & Mayden, R.L. (2013): Garra palaruvica, a new cyprinid fish (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Kerala, Western Ghats, peninsular India. International Journal of Zoology Research, 3 (1): 62-68.
  17. ^ Thoni, R.J. & Mayden, R.L. (2015): Garra robertsi, a new cyprinid (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) fish species from Borneo. Zootaxa, 3985 (2): 284–290.
  18. ^ Lothongkham, A., Arbsuwan, S. & Musikasinthorn, P. (2014): Garra waensis, a new cyprinid fish (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes) from the Nan River basin of the Chao Phraya River system, northern Thailand. Zootaxa, 3790 (4): 543–554.

外部連結[编辑]

維基共享資源中有關墨头鱼属的多媒體資源 維基物種中有關墨头鱼属的數據