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玛雅潘

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玛雅潘
Màayapáan
Mayapan '2010 - 31.JPG
玛雅潘的庫庫爾坎之庙
玛雅潘在中部美洲的位置
玛雅潘
于中部美洲的位置
地點  墨西哥尤卡坦州特科市英语Tecoh Municipality
地區 尤卡坦半岛
坐標 20°37′46″N 89°27′38″W / 20.62944°N 89.46056°W / 20.62944; -89.46056
歷史
文化 玛雅文明
玛雅潘

玛雅潘猶加敦馬雅語:Màayapáan ;西班牙语:Mayapán),是中美洲古代玛雅文明后期中心之一,位于墨西哥尤卡坦半岛境内,奇琴伊察以西100公里,坐标:北纬20°37′46″, 西经89°27′38″。

1221年左右,玛雅人发动起义,推翻了奇琴伊察的统治。不久,各个城邦首领召开会议,商议重新建立一个政治中心,将其命名为“玛雅潘”,意为“玛雅人的标准”。Cocom家族首领被选为玛雅之王,但是其他贵族家族亦派出成员参与政府。

1441年,阿淑潘领导了反抗Cocom家族的起义,攻占玛雅潘,其后该城被洗劫并废弃。

1950年代,卡内基基金会资助了一次对玛雅潘的大规模考察,发现了一系列遗迹,推断出其规模大约在1万至1万5千居民左右。

相關条目[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

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外部連結[编辑]