亚斯奇兰

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亚斯奇兰
Q'Yaxchilan
Yaxchilan Structure 33.jpg
亚斯奇兰第33号建筑
地點  墨西哥恰帕斯州
坐標 16°54′N 90°58′W / 16.900°N 90.967°W / 16.900; -90.967坐标16°54′N 90°58′W / 16.900°N 90.967°W / 16.900; -90.967
歷史
文化 玛雅文明
注釋
保護狀況 废墟

亚斯奇兰(Yaxchilan,發音:[ʝaʃtʃiˈlan])是坐落于乌苏马辛塔河畔的一座古代玛雅城市,位于今墨西哥恰帕斯州境内。

亚斯奇兰是玛雅文明古典时期晚期乌苏马辛塔河沿岸最强盛的城邦之一,黑石城英语Piedras Nebraska (Maya site)是其主要竞争对手。[1]

亚斯奇兰遗址以其保存完好的门楣浮雕而闻名。这些门楣与建筑前的石柱上刻有记载王朝历史的象形文字。[2]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p. 421
  2. ^ Sharer & Traxler 2006, p. 435

参考文献[编辑]

Coe, Michael D. The Maya. Ancient peoples and places series 6th edition, fully revised and expanded. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. 1999. ISBN 0-500-28066-5. OCLC 59432778. 
Cohodas, Marvin. Ballgame Imagery of the Maya Lowlands: History and Iconography. (编) Vernon Scarborough; David R. Wilcox. The Mesoamerican Ballgame. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 1991: 251–288. ISBN 0-8165-1360-0. OCLC 51873028. 
De la Fuente, Beatriz (2001). Pintura Mural Prehispánica en México: Area Maya, Estudios 2001, IIEs, UNAM.
Hammond, Norman. The Maya Lowlands: Pioneer Farmers to Merchant Princes. (编) Richard E.W. Adams; Murdo J. Macleod. The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas, Vol. II: Mesoamerica, part 1. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2000: 197–249. ISBN 0-521-35165-0. OCLC 33359444. 
Kelly, Joyce. An Archaeological Guide to Central and Southern Mexico. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 2001. ISBN 0-8061-3349-X. 
Martin, Simon. A Broken Sky: The Ancient Name of Yaxchilan as Pa' Chan (PDF). The PARI Journal (Lafayette, CA: Pre-Columbian Art Research Institute). 2004, V (1). ISSN 1531-5398. 
Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube. Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. 2000. ISBN 0-500-05103-8. OCLC 47358325. 
Scarborough, Vernon L. Courting in the Southern Maya Lowlands: A Study in Pre-Hispanic Ballgame Architecture. (编) Vernon Scarborough; David R. Wilcox. The Mesoamerican Ballgame. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 1991: 129–144. ISBN 0-8165-1360-0. OCLC 51873028. 
Schele, Linda; Matthew G. Looper. Seats of Power at Copán. (编) E. Wyllys Andrews; William L. Fash. Copán: The History of an Ancient Maya Kingdom. Santa Fe and Oxford: fSchool of American Research Press and James Currey Ltd. 2005: 345–372. ISBN 0-85255-981-X. OCLC 56194789. 
Sharer, Robert J.; Loa P. Traxler. The Ancient Maya 6th (fully revised). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 2006. ISBN 0-8047-4817-9. OCLC 57577446. 
Taladoire, Eric; Benoit Colsenet. "Bois Ton Sang, Beaumanoir": The Political and Conflictual Aspects of the Ballgame in the Northern Chiapas Area. (编) Vernon Scarborough; David R. Wilcox. The Mesoamerican Ballgame. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 1991: 161–174. ISBN 0-8165-1360-0. OCLC 51873028. 
Tate, Carolyn E. Yaxchilan: The Design of a Maya Ceremonial City. Austin: University of Texas Press. 1992. ISBN 0-292-77041-3. OCLC 23464300.