田螺科

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田螺科
化石时期:阿普第期至現在[1]
Viviparus contectus met operculum2.JPG
An alive but retracted individual of Viviparus contectus英语Viviparus contectus, showing the 螺厣
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
亚纲: 新进腹足亚纲 Caenogastropoda
目: 主扭舌目 Architaenioglossa
总科: 田螺總科 Viviparoidea
科: 田螺科 Viviparidae
J. E. Gray, 1847[2]
多样性[3]
125–150 freshwater species

田螺泛指田螺科(學名:Viviparidae)的淡水腹足纲软体动物。平均只有拇指头大小,有角質口蓋螺厣),殼口相對比較大。螺蛳是田螺科动物的通称[4]。很多淡水魚類喜歡吃田螺。田螺體內很容易生長寄生蟲

根據在2005年的《布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類》,田螺科屬主扭舌目的成員。

分佈[编辑]

This family occurs nearly worldwide in temperate and tropical regions, with the exception that they are absent from 南美洲. There are two genera of Viviparidae in Africa: Bellamya英语Bellamya (gastropod) and Neothauma英语Neothauma.[5]

分類[编辑]

舊屬前鰓亞綱中腹足目,田螺科目前是主扭舌類的成員[6][7],約有17屬百餘種。根據2005年的《布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類》,田螺科物種大致可分為三個亞科[6]

[编辑]

田螺科包括下列各屬:

Life cycle[编辑]

Life spans have been reported from 3 to 11 years in various species of Viviparidae.[17]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Kear, B. P.; Hamilton-Bruce, R. J.; Smith, B. J.; Gowlett-Holmes, K. L. Reassessment of Australia's oldest freshwater snail, Viviparus (?) albascopularis Etheridge, 1902 (Mollusca : Gastropoda : Viviparidae), from the Lower Cretaceous (Aptian, Wallumbilla Formation) of White Cliffs, New South Wales. Molluscan Research. 2003, 23 (2): 149–158. doi:10.1071/MR03003 (英语). 
  2. ^ Gray J. E. (November 1847) (1833). "A list of genera of Recent Mollusca, their synonyma and types". Proceedings of the Zoological Society in London, 15: 129-182. Viviparidae at page 155.
  3. ^ Strong E. E., Gargominy O., Ponder W. F.英语Winston Ponder & Bouchet P. (2008). "Global Diversity of Gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in Freshwater". Hydrobiologia英语Hydrobiologia 595: 149-166. hdl:10088/7390 doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9012-6.
  4. ^ 夏征农, 罗竹风, 马飞海等. 辞海[M]. 北京: 商务印书馆, 2000: 1, 2254.
  5. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Brown 1994的参考文献提供内容
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Frýda, J.; Hausdorf, B.; Ponder, W.; Valdés, Á.; Warén, A. Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P. , 编. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany / Ann Arbor, USA: ConchBooks). 2005, 47 (1-2): 397 pp. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  7. ^ Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Hausdorf, Bernhard; Kaim, Andrzej; Kano, Yasunori; Nützel, Alexander; Parkhaev, Pavel; Schrödl, Michael; Strong, Ellen E. Revised Classification, Nomenclator and Typification of Gastropod and Monoplacophoran Families. Malacologia. 2017, 61 (1-2): 1–526. ISSN 0076-2997. doi:10.4002/040.061.0201 (英语). 
  8. ^ Van Bocxlaer, Bert; Strong, Ellen E; Richter, Romy; Stelbrink, Björn; Rintelen, Thomas Von. Anatomical and genetic data reveal that Rivularia Heude, 1890 belongs to Viviparinae (Gastropoda: Viviparidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2017-12-14, 182 (1): 1–23. ISSN 0024-4082. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx014 (英语). 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Fresh water molluscan species in India (PDF): 11 pp. 2010-07-29 [2010-07-31] (英语). 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 引用错误:没有为名为guokr的参考文献提供内容
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Zhang, L. J.; Chen, S. C.; Yang, L. T.; Jin, L.; Köhler, F. Systematic revision of the freshwater snail Nevill, 1877 (Mollusca: Viviparidae) endemic to the ancient lakes of Yunnan, China, with description of new taxa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society英语Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2015, 174 (4): 760–800. doi:10.1111/zoj.12260可免费查阅. 
  12. ^ River Snail (Notopala sublineata). accessed 26 September 2010
  13. ^ Du L.-N., Yang J.-X. & Chen X.-Y. (2011). "A new species of Trochotaia (Caenogastropoda: Viviparidae) from Yunnan, China". Molluscan Research 31(2): 85-89. abstract
  14. ^ 余汶. 华南白垩纪和早第三纪非海相腹足类化石及其地层意义. 《古生物學報》(Acta Palaeontologica Sinica). 1977, 16 (2): 191–216 (中文(简体)). 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 Hamilton-Bruce, R. J.; Smith, B. J.; Gowlett-Holmes, K. L. Descriptions of a new genus and two new species of viviparid snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Viviparidae) from the Early Cretaceous (middle-late Albian) Griman Creek Formation of Lightning Ridge, northern New South Wales (PDF). Records of the South Australian Museum. 2002, 35: 193–203 (英语). 
  16. ^ Sivan, N.; Heller, J.; van Damme, D. Fossil Viviparidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of the Levant. Journal of Conchology. 2006, 39 (2): 207–220. 
  17. ^ Heller, J. Longevity in molluscs. Malacologia. 1990, 31 (2): 259–295. 

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外部連結[编辑]