耶路撒冷围城战 (1099年)

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耶路撒冷围城战
第一次十字军东征的一部分
Counquest of Jeusalem (1099).jpg
Capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders (19th-century artist impression)
日期 1099年6月7日 – 1099年6月15日
地点 耶路撒冷
结果

十字軍決定性勝利[1]

参战方
十字軍 Fatimid Flag.png 法蒂玛王朝
指挥官和领导者

Armoiries de Jérusalem.svg 布永的戈弗雷
Blason Languedoc.svg Raymond of Toulouse英语Raymond IV of Toulouse
Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg Robert II of Flanders英语Robert II of Flanders
Blason duche fr Normandie.svg 罗贝尔二世

Blason sicile famille Hauteville.svg Tancred of Hauteville英语Tancred, Prince of Galilee
[1][2][3][4]
Fatimid Flag.png Iftikhar ad-Dawla英语Iftikhar al-Dawla[4][5]
兵力
1,200-1,300名騎士
11,000-12,000名步兵
[2][6][4]
Sizeable Garrison[7]
400 Elite Cavalrymen[4][8]
伤亡与损失
損失慘重[1] 損失慘重[9]
Counquest of Jeusalem (1099).jpg

耶路撒冷围城战是发生在1099年6月7日至7月15日,即第一次十字军东征期间的一场攻城战。在这场战役中,十字军从阿拉伯法蒂玛王朝手中夺取耶路撒冷,并在入城后展开了一次针对穆斯林犹太人的大屠杀。

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Valentin, François. Geschichte der Kreuzzüge. Regensburg. 1867. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Skaarup, Harold A. Siegecraft - No Fortress Impregnable. Lincoln. 2003. 
  3. ^ Dittmar, Heinrich. Die Geschichte der Welt vor und nach Christus, Vol. 3. Heidelberg. 1850. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Watson, Bruce. Sieges: a comparative study. Westport. 1993. 
  5. ^ Nicolle, David. The First Crusade, 1096-99: conquest of the Holy Land. Oxford. 2003. 
  6. ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander. Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World. Santa Barbara. 2011. 
  7. ^ Asbridge 2004,第300页
  8. ^ Haag, Michael. Templars: History and Myth: From Solomon's Temple to the Freemasons. London. 2008. 
  9. ^ The "massacre" at the sack of Jerusalem has become a commonplace motive in popular depictions, but the historical event is difficult to reconstruct with any certainty. Arab sources give figures of between 30,000 and 70,000 casualties (in an anonymous Syrian chronicle, and in Ibn al-Athir, respectively). These figures are rejected as unrealistic by Thorau (2007), who argues it is very unlikely that the city at the time had a total population of this order; medieval chroniclers tend to substantially exaggerate both troop strength and casualty figures; they cannot be taken at face value naively, and it is less than straightforward to arrive at realistic estimates based on them. Peter Thorau, Die Kreuzzüge, C.H.Beck, München 2007, ISBN 3406508383. Dittmar, Heinrich. Die Geschichte der Welt vor und nach Christus, Vol. 3. Heidelberg. 1850. [页码请求] Valentin, François. Geschichte der Kreuzzüge. Regensburg. 1867. [页码请求] Mackintosh, Sir James. The history of England, Volume 1. Philadelphia. 1830. [页码请求]