聖露西亞節

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聖露西亞節
Lucia-13.12.06.jpg
2006年12月瑞典教會慶祝聖露西亞節
参与者 信義宗
天主教會
普世聖公宗
及其他基督教宗派
礼仪颜色 紅色
類型 基督宗教
日期 12月13日
时长 一天
频率 每年

聖露西亞節(Saint Lucy's Day)是基督宗教聖人曆中,紀念聖露西的節日,是在將臨期(耶穌聖誕前的準備期與等待期)中的12月13日,是斯堪的纳维亚會慶祝的節日。聖露西是第三世紀的基督徒烈士英语Christian martyr,死於戴克里先迫害[1],依照基督教的傳統,她 「帶食物給藏在地下墓穴的基督徒,並且幫助他們,她頭上戴著上面有蠟燭的花圈,讓手空出來,可以多拿一些食物。」[2][3]。聖露西亞節曾經和冬至重疊,也就是一年之中白天最短的一天,所以聖露西亞節也成為基督教光明的節日[4][5]。在將臨期的開始,聖露西亞節表示了聖誕節期英语Christmastid的開始,也就是預告了圣诞节基督之光英语Light of Christ的到來[1][6]

註解[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Hynes, Mary Ellen; Mazar, Peter. Companion to the Calendar. Liturgy Training Publications. 1993: 186 [12 December 2015]. ISBN 978-156854011-5. Lucy's name means light. Coming midway through Advent, her feast day guides our hope towards the coming of Christ our Light. Lucy was a young woman of Syracuse in Sicily (an island off the southern coast of Italy). We know she died a martyr during the persecutions by the Roman emperor Diocletian. 
  2. ^ Barnhill, Carla. St. Lucy’s Day. Christian History Magazine. 
  3. ^ Hanson, Joelle. Santa Lucia Day traditions. ELCA. 13 December 2012 [12 December 2015]. Lucia means "light" and Santa Lucia became associated with light. In northern Europe, particularly Scandinavia, Spain and the Canary Islands, and her day fell on the shortest day of the year and was celebrated as they turned from the long winter nights and began to look forward to longer days. During the Roman persecutions, Lucia is said to have carried food to the poor in dark tunnels, wearing a wreath of candles on her head. 
  4. ^ St. Lucy. St. Lucy's Church, Scranton, Pennsylvania. [13 December 2014]. 
  5. ^ Crump, William D. The Christmas Encyclopedia 3rd. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. 2006. ISBN 978-0-7864-2293-7. Prior to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar in the sixteenth century, St. Lucy's Day fell on the winter solstice, which poses a factor in her association with light, and her day Christianized a day formerly associated with the pagan Germanic goddess Berchta ... 
  6. ^ Hanson, Joelle. Santa Lucia Day traditions. ELCA. 13 December 2012 [12 December 2015]. The tradition of planting wheat on St. Lucy's Day comes from Hungary, Croatia and other European nations. Plant wheat grains in a round dish or plate of soil, then water the seeds. Place the container in a warm spot. If the planting medium is kept moist (not sopping wet), the seeds will germinate and the shoots will be several inches high by Christmas. Then the new green shoots, reminding us of the new life born in Bethlehem, may be tied with a ribbon, if desired, and a candle may be placed near them as a symbol of the Light of Christ. 

參考資料[编辑]

  • Eriksson, Stig A. (2002). Christmas traditions and performance rituals: a look at Christmas celebrations in a Nordic context. 2002. Applied Theater Researcher. No. 3. 6/3
  • Nygaard, J. (1992). Teatrets historie i Europa ("~ History in Europe"). Volume 1. Oslo: Spillerom.
  • NRK radio (2002). Språkteigen. NRK radio. December 2002.

外部連結[编辑]

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