被永久保护的模板

Template:Cite journal

维基百科,自由的百科全书
(重定向自Template:Cite journal en
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本模板的用意是為了迴避{{Cite journal}}中所出現的全形標點符號,例如,或「」,這些符號有些可能只會出現在繁體版本,此外也是為了避免在英語文獻中穿插中文字(例如「2004年」)。相關指引參見WP:CITE

此模板專門使用於英語文獻或其他相同格式的語言。由於中文版與英文版的內部連結並不一致,請盡量不要直接套用英文版的內部連結。例如「July 4」。

相關模板:

  • {{Cite web}}:相似格式語言專用網頁引用模板。
  • {{Cite book}}:相似格式語言專用書籍引用模板。
  • {{Cite news}}:相似格式語言專用新聞引用模板。

使用方式

複製以下其中一個空白的版本來使用。所有參數名稱必須使用小寫。每個參數之間使用“|”(管道)字符分隔。刪除未使用的參數,以避免在編輯窗口出現。某些範例可能包括當前日期。如果不是當前的日期,然後清洗頁面。

橫式排列的最常用參數
引用專業或科學雜誌

{{cite journal |last= |first= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |url= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |access-date= }}

Vancouver system author style for a scientific journal

{{cite journal |vauthors= |date= |title= |url= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |pmc= |pmid= |access-date= }}

or

{{cite journal |last= |first= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |url= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |pmc= |pmid= |access-date= | name-list-format=vanc }}

引用一篇沒有作者的期刊文章

{{cite journal |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |title= |url= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |access-date= }}

引用已存檔的在線文章

{{cite journal |last= |first= |date= |title= |url= |dead-url= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |archive-url= |archive-date= |access-date= }}

引用由外語寫的文章

{{cite journal |last= |first= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |language= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |access-date= }}

To cite and quote an archived, two-author, foreign language journal article re-published as a PDF on an information aggregation service requiring a subscription

{{cite journal |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |title= |trans-title= |url= |access-date= |language= |journal= |volume= |issue= |pages= |doi= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead=url= |via= |quote= }}

橫式排列的全部參數
{{cite journal |last1= |first1= |author-link1= |last2= |first2= |author-link2= |last3= |first3= |author-link3= |last4= |first4= |author-link4= |last5= |first5= |author-link5= |display-authors= |author-mask= |name-list-format= |last-author-amp= |date= |year= |orig-year= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editor3-last= |editor3-first= |editor3-link= |editor4-last= |editor4-first= |editor4-link= |editor5-last= |editor5-first= |editor5-link= |display-editors= |others= |title= |script-title= |trans-title= |url= |access-date= |url-access= |format= |department= |journal= |type= |series= |language= |edition= |location= |publisher= |publication-date= |volume= |issue= |page= |pages= |at= |nopp= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |bibcode-access= |biorxiv= |citeseerx= |doi= |doi-access= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |jstor-access= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |ol-access= |osti= |osti-access= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archive-url= |archive-date= |dead-url= |via= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |quote= |postscript= |ref= }}
直式排列的全部參數
{{cite journal
| last1                 = 
| first1                = 
| author-link1          = 
| last2                 = 
| first2                = 
| author-link2          = 
| last3                 = 
| first3                = 
| author-link3          = 
| last4                 = 
| first4                = 
| author-link4          = 
| last5                 = 
| first5                = 
| author-link5          = 
| display-authors       = 
| author-mask           = 
| name-list-format      =
| last-author-amp       = 
| date                  = 
| year                  = 
| orig-year             = 
| editor1-last          = 
| editor1-first         = 
| editor1-link          = 
| editor2-last          = 
| editor2-first         = 
| editor2-link          = 
| editor3-last          = 
| editor3-first         = 
| editor3-link          = 
| editor4-last          = 
| editor4-first         = 
| editor4-link          = 
| editor5-last          = 
| editor5-first         = 
| editor5-link          = 
| display-editors       = 
| others                = 
| title                 = 
| script-title          = 
| trans-title           = 
| url                   = 
| dead-url              = 
| format                = 
| url-access            =
| department            = 
| journal               = 
| type                  = 
| series                = 
| language              = 
| edition               = 
| location              = 
| publisher             = 
| publication-date      = 
| volume                = 
| issue                 = 
| page                  = 
| pages                 = 
| at                    = 
| nopp                  = 
| arxiv                 = 
| asin                  = 
| bibcode               = 
| biorxiv               = 
| citeseerx             = 
| doi                   = 
| doi-broken-date       = 
| doi-access            = 
| isbn                  =
| issn                  = 
| jfm                   = 
| jstor                 = 
| jstor-access          = 
| lccn                  = 
| mr                    = 
| oclc                  = 
| ol                    =
| ol-access             =
| osti                  =
| osti-access           =
| pmc                   = 
| pmid                  = 
| rfc                   = 
| ssrn                  = 
| zbl                   = 
| id                    = 
| archive-url           = 
| archive-date          = 
| access-date           = 
| via                   = 
| registration          = 
| subscription          = 
| lay-url               = 
| lay-source            = 
| lay-date              = 
| quote                 = 
| postscript            = 
| ref                   =
}}

欄位參數

  • quotes: 引號,輸入no可使文獻標題兩側不顯示引號。(預設狀態帶有引號)。
  • author: 作者
    • last: lastname,通常是姓氏。
    • first: firstname,可用縮寫。
      • 以上兩個參數將會顯示成last, first;
    • authorlink 帶有內部連結的作者名稱
    • coauthors: 共同作者
  • date: 例如:January 1, 2006. 請不要使用內部連結。
    • year: 2006. 出版年份。
      • month: January. 出版月份(若“date”已填寫、或“year”未填寫則忽略)
  • title: 文獻標題。此為唯一必填參數。
  • journal: 期刊名。
  • volume: 卷号。
  • issue: 期号。
  • pages: 例如45–47,此為頁數。
  • publisher: 出版商。
    • location: 出版商所在地。
  • issn: ISSN編號,例如1111-2220
  • pmid: PMID編號,也就是pubmed使用的編號,例如15128012
  • oclc: OCLC編號,例如3185581
  • doi: doi編碼,例如10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001
    • doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version. See {{doi}}: "id" is equivalent to "doi" and "label" is "doilabel"
  • bibcode: The document's bibcode in the Astrophysics Data System, e.g., 1924MNRAS..84..308E
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{US patent}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = PMID 15128012 anymore. Use pmid = 15128012.)
  • url: 線上版本連結。
    • format: “PDF”格式。不用指出 HTML 格式,因爲 HTML 是默認格式。
      Specify as 'fee required' 如果訪問有限制,則需指。明if free access no longer available.
      Specify as 'Reprint' if a full original version but not hosted by the original publisher.
  • accessdate: URL 最後一次查看的日期,格式爲 ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD。 比如, "accessdate = 2018-07-21". 需要賦以維基鏈接。

For producing a non-wikilinked date of retrieval:

  • accessmonthday and accessyear: 資料查看時的月份和天。Month and day when item was accessed, for example "accessmonthday = May 10", and year when item was accessed, for example "accessyear = 2005". Produces: Retrieved on May 10, 2006.
  • accessdaymonth and accessyear: Month and day when item was accessed, for example "accessmonthday = 10 May", and year when item was accessed, for example "accessyear = 2005". Produces: Retrieved on 10 May 2006.
  • laysummary: URL of a lay summary, which could be in a popular science magazine or newspaper.
    • laysource: Name of the source, e.g. The Guardian (UK newspaper) or New Scientist.
    • laydate: Date of publication or, where this is not available, date of retrieval of the lay summary.
  • quote: Relevant excerpt from the journal.

示例

Formal citation
{{cite journal en |last=Smith |first=Joseph III |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |pages=289 }}
Smith, Joseph III. Last Testimony of Sister Emma. The Saints' Herald. October 1879, 26: 289. 
Include URL link to free-article, pre-print or abstract
{{cite journal en |last=Smith |first=Joseph III |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |issue=19 |date=[[October 1]], [[1879]] |pages=289 |url=http://www.lavazone2.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179 |accessdate=2006-03-23 }}
Smith, Joseph III. Last Testimony of Sister Emma. The Saints' Herald. October 1, 1879, (19): 289 [2006-03-23]. 
Specify the DOI to provide a permanent and direct link to the article from the publisher
{{cite journal en |last=Giles |first=Jim |title=Preprint Server Seeks Way to Halt Plagiarists |url=http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v426/n6962/full/426007a.html |journal=Nature |date=6 November 2003 |pages=7 |doi=10.1038/426007a }}
Giles, Jim. Preprint Server Seeks Way to Halt Plagiarists. Nature. 6 November 2003: 7. doi:10.1038/426007a. 
Other examples
  • {{cite journal en |last=Fowler |first=Martin |authorlink=Martin Fowler |coauthors=Kent Beck |title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma |journal=The Saints' Herald |volume=26 |year=1879 |month=October |pages=289 }}
Fowler, Martin; Kent Beck. Last Testimony of Sister Emma. The Saints' Herald. October 1879, 26: 289. 
  • {{cite journal en |first=W. Hugh |last=Woodin |title=The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I |journal=Notices of the AMS |volume=48 |issue=6 |year=2001 |pages=567–576 |location=Providence, RI |publisher=American Mathematical Society |url=http://www.ams.org/notices/200106/fea-woodin.pdf |language=el |format=PDF |issn=1088-9477 |oclc=34550461 }}
Woodin, W. Hugh. The Continuum Hypothesis, Part I (PDF). Notices of the AMS (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society). 2001, 48 (6): 567–576. ISSN 1088-9477. OCLC 34550461 (希腊语). 
  • {{cite journal en |title=Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc |year=1982 |journal=VIDEODISC/VIDEOTEX |volume=2 |issue=3 |pages=175 }}
Disney Releases 10 Titles on Laser Videodisc. VIDEODISC/VIDEOTEX. 1982, 2 (3): 175. 

模板数据

这是用于新版可视化编辑器及其他工具的模板数据文档。

Cite journal模板数据

本引用模板用于对杂志、学术期刊上的文章的引用。

模板参数

参数说明类型状态
标题title

文獻標題。此為唯一必填參數。

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串必填
作者author

文章的作者

默认值
例子
自动值
必填
网址urlURL

線上版本連結

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串推荐
last

作者的姓

默认值
例子
自动值
可选
firstfirst1

文章作者的名字

默认值
例子
自动值
可选
作者链接authorlink

帶有內部連結的作者名稱

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
文献发表日期date

例如:''January 1, 2006''. 請不要使用內部連結。

默认值
例子
自动值
日期可选
期刊名journal

期刊名。

默认值
例子
自动值
必填
出版者publisher

出版商。

默认值
例子
自动值
可选
访问日期accessdate

网上版本的访问日期

默认值
例子
自动值
日期可选
issue

期刊的期数

默认值
例子
自动值
数值推荐
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

默认值
例子
自动值
推荐
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串已弃用
其他作者others

第一作者之外的其他作者

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串推荐
出版年year

文章出版的年份

默认值
例子
自动值
数值推荐
Original yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Editor last nameeditor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Editor first nameeditor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Seriesseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
出版地location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
版本edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
卷数volume

文章发表期刊的卷数

默认值
例子
自动值
数值推荐
页数page

文章发表期刊的所在的起止页数

默认值
例子
自动值
推荐
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
语言language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
格式format

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
AZINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
AZIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
ISSNissn

[[ISSN]]編號,例如''1111-2220''。

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
OLol

Open Library identifier

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
PMIDpmid

[[PMID]]編號,也就是[[pubmed]]使用的編號,例如''15128012''

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串推荐
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
存档网址archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
存档日期archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

默认值
例子
自动值
日期可选
Dead URLdeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
引言quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

默认值
.
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

默认值
.
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Last namelast3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast4author4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Last namelast9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
First namefirst9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

默认值
例子
自动值
未知可选
Author linkauthorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

默认值
例子
自动值
页面可选
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

默认值
,
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

默认值
;
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Display authorsdisplay-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed;

默认值
8
例子
自动值
数值可选
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选
Subscriptionsubscription

If the reference requires a subscription, type 'yes' to notify the reader.

默认值
例子
自动值
字符串可选

参见