被永久保护的模板

Template:Cite report

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Template:Citation Style documentation/lua

引文格式1模板
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv 預印本
{{Cite AV media}} 影音媒體
{{Cite AV media notes}} CD上的內容介紹
{{Cite bioRxiv}} bioRxiv 預印本
{{Cite book}} 書籍
{{Cite conference}} 會議記錄
{{Cite encyclopedia}} 引用百科全書的資料
{{Cite episode}} 電視或電台節目
{{Cite interview}} 採訪;訪問
{{Cite journal}} 學術期刊和論文
{{Cite magazine}} 雜誌;期刊
{{Cite mailing list}} 郵件列表
{{Cite map}} 地圖
{{Cite news}} 新聞報導文章
{{Cite newsgroup}} 線上新聞群組
{{Cite podcast}} 播客
{{Cite press release}} 電子報
{{Cite report}} 政府部門的報告、公司年報
{{Cite serial}} 廣播節目系列
{{Cite sign}} 標誌;匾額;銘牌;徽章
{{Cite speech}} 演講
{{Cite techreport}} 技術報告
{{Cite thesis}} 論文
{{Cite web}} 上述模板未有包含的其他網路資源
另見:

Template:Citation Style documentation/lead

These reports are to be published in the Wikipedia sense of verifiability: a responsible organisation must have fact checked them; and the selection process for publication must not have been automatic.
Examples include: government printed reports which lack ISSN or ISBN numbers, and reports from major semi-governmental instrumentalities that are freely circulating and available for verification, but which lack a formal ISBN / ISSN publication process.

Usage

複製以下其中一個空白的版本來使用。所有參數名稱必須使用小寫。每個參數之間使用“|”(管道)字符分隔。刪除未使用的參數,以避免在編輯窗口出現。某些範例可能包括當前日期。如果不是當前的日期,請清除缓存


橫式排列的全部參數
{{cite report |author= |author-link= |authors= |date= |title= |url= |publisher= |page= |docket= |access-date= |quote= }}

Template:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical

{{cite report
 | author      = <!-- or |last= and |first= -->
 | author-link =
 | authors     =
 | date        = <!-- or |year= -->
 | title       = 
 | url         = 
 | publisher   = 
 | format      =
 | others      =
 | edition     =
 | location    =
 | chapter     =
 | section     =
 | page        =
 | pages       =
 | docket      =
 | access-date = 
 | quote       =
}}

Template:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid


Template:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical mid


Template:Citation Style documentation/usage vertical end

Example

Template:Markup2

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

COinS

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

Deprecated

These parameters are deprecated and will no longer work. Use will place the page in Category:含有过时参数的引用的页面.

Use accessdate:

  • access-date
  • accessed
  • accessdaymonth
  • accessday
  • accessmonthday
  • accessmonth
  • accessyear

Use date:

  • day

No longer supported:

  • dateformat
  • doilabel

Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last, author, authors, last1, author1
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first, first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through last9, first9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. Aliases: last1, author1 through last9, author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink, authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: authorlink1, author1-link through authorlink9, author9-link.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "Illustrated by John Smith" or "Translated by John Smith."
When using Template:Sfnote or Template:Paren styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Date

  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. ^ Publication dates in article references should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last, editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editor4-last, editor4-first for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link, editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space &#91; &#93; &#124;
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Can be hidden by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[1] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Access and archive dates in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Periodical

  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Aliases: work, journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical.
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically.
    • department: Regular department within the periodical. Displays after work and is in plain text.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter is italicized and is not enclosed in quotes.
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.
type does not display.

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays in bold after the title and series fields; if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y or work is defined.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y or work is defined.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.
  • docket: Docket number.

Subscription or registration required

Template:Citation Style documentation/registration

Lay summary

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Anchor

Display options

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces; set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; example: |display-authors=2; "et al." may be suppressed altogether by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else author-separator if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

TemplateData

这是用于新版可视化编辑器及其他工具的模板数据文档。

Cite report模板数据

This template formats a citation to an article in a magazine or journal, using the provided source information (e.g. journal name, author, title, issue, URL) and various formatting options.

模板参数

参数说明类型状态
URLurlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

推荐
Titletitle

The title of the article; can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in quotes.

内容必填
Last namelastauthorauthor1authorslast1

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

推荐
First namefirstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

推荐
Last name 2last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

可选
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

可选
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

日期必填
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

内容可选
Issueissue

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

推荐
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

字符串推荐
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

日期可选
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked.

字符串可选
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

日期可选
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

可选
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

推荐
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

可选
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

可选
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

内容可选
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

可选
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

可选
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

可选
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

可选
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

可选
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

可选
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

可选
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

可选
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

可选
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

可选
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

可选
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

可选
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

数值可选
OLol

Open Library identifier

可选
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

可选
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

数值可选
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

推荐
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

可选
docketdocket

Docket number

可选
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

内容可选
Last name 3last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

可选
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

可选
Last name 4last4author4

The surname of the forth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

可选
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the forth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Last name 5last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

可选
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Last name 6last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

可选
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Last name 7last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

可选
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

可选
Last name 8last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

可选
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Last name 9last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

可选
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

可选
Author linkauthor-linkauthorlink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

页面可选
Author link 2author-link2author2-linkauthorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

页面可选
URL access dateaccess-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

日期推荐
Archive URLarchive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

可选
Archive datearchive-date

Date the url in the field 'archive-url' was archived.

例子
2018-01-24
日期可选
Author link 3author-link3author3-linkauthorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

页面可选
Author link 4author-link4author4-linkauthorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the forth author.

页面可选
Author link 5author-link5author5-linkauthorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

页面可选
Author link 6author-link6author6-linkauthorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

页面可选
Author link 7author-link7author7-linkauthorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

页面可选
Author link 8author-link8author8-linkauthorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

页面可选
Author link 9author-link9author9-linkauthorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

页面可选
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url' ('url' is required when using 'format'); examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

内容可选
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

字符串可选
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

字符串可选
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

字符串可选
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

字符串可选
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

字符串可选
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

字符串可选
HDL access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

字符串可选