Template:Infobox lake

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[[File:{{{湖泊照片}}}|240px|]]
[[File:{{{测深图}}}|240px|{{{标题}}}]]
{{{测深图标题}}}
湖泊所在地 {{{湖泊所在地}}}
坐標 {{{坐标}}}
流入 {{{流入}}}
流出 {{{流出}}}
集水區面積 {{{集水區面積}}}
集水區國家 {{{集水區國家}}}
正常滿水位標高 {{{正常滿水位標高}}}
湖泊長度 {{{湖泊长度}}}
湖泊宽度 {{{湖泊闊度}}}
湖泊面積 {{{湖泊面积}}}
平均深度 {{{平均深度}}}
最大深度 {{{最深深度}}}
库容量 {{{水體體積}}}
湖水停留時間 {{{湖水停留時間}}}
湖岸線長度1 {{{湖岸線長度}}}
海拔高度 {{{海拔高度}}}
湖中島嶼 {{{湖中島嶼}}}
湖邊城鎮 {{{湖邊城鎮}}}
湖泊所在地 {{{location}}}
Group {{{group}}}
坐標 {{{coords}}}
湖泊類型 {{{type}}}
流入 {{{inflow}}}
流出 {{{outflow}}}
流域面積 {{{catchment}}}
流域國家 {{{basin_countries}}}
管理機構 {{{agency}}}
設計 {{{designation}}}
建造 {{{date-built}}}
湖泊長度 {{{length}}}
湖泊寬度 {{{width}}}
湖泊面積 {{{area}}}
平均深度 {{{depth}}}
最大深度 {{{max-depth}}}
庫容量 {{{volume}}}
湖水停留時間 {{{residence_time}}}
湖岸線長度1 {{{shore}}}
海拔高度 {{{elevation}}}
結冰期 {{{frozen}}}
湖中島嶼 {{{islands}}}
Sections/sub-basins {{{sections}}}
湖邊城市 {{{cities}}}
參考資料 {{{reference}}}
1 湖岸線長度會因水位變化而經常變動。
1 湖岸線長度會因水位變化而經常變動。


文档图示 模板文档[查看] [编辑] [历史] [清除缓存]

本模板用於添加各項湖泊相關數據,中文、英文皆可使用,以下分別為英文、中文的空白模板,但使用使請用一致的語言為佳,中英文混合的效果可能較差。

使用方法[编辑]

英文空白版本[编辑]

{{Infobox lake
| lake_name          = {{SUBST:PAGENAME}}
| image_lake         = 
| alt_lake           = 
| caption_lake       = 
| image_bathymetry   = 
| alt_bathymetry     = 
| caption_bathymetry = 
| location           = 
| coords             = {{coord|89|59|59|N|179|59|59|W|region:ZZ_type:waterbody|display =inline,title}}
| type               = 
| inflow             = 
| outflow            = 
| catchment          = 
| basin_countries    = 
| date-built         = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} For man-made and other recent lakes -->
| date-flooded       = <!-- {{Start date|YYYY|MM|DD}} For man-made and other recent lakes -->
| agency             =
| length             = 
| width              = 
| area               = 
| depth              = 
| max-depth          = 
| volume             = 
| residence_time     = 
| shore              = 
| elevation          = 
| frozen             = 
| islands            = 
| cities             = 
| reference          =
}}

中文空白版本[编辑]

{{Infobox_lake   
|湖泊名稱 =   
|湖泊照片 =   
|湖泊照片標題 =   
|測深圖 =   
|測深圖標題 =   
|湖泊所在地 =   
|座標 =  {{coor dm|  |  |  |  |  |  |type:  }}  
|湖泊類別 =   
|流入 =   
|流出 =   
|集水區面積 =   
|正常滿水位標高 =   
|集水區國家 =   
|湖泊長度 =   
|湖泊闊度  =   
|湖泊面積 =   
|平均深度 =   
|最深深度 =   
|水體體積 =   
|湖水停留時間 =   
|湖岸線長度 =   
|海拔高度 =   
|湖中島嶼 =   
|湖邊城鎮 =   
}}

模板结构[编辑]

lake_name
name_of_lake
If the local name is added, use <br> from the English name. Avoid using templates, bolding or italics in this field.
image_lake
characteristic_image.png Please avoid sunset pictures or maps (For maps, use image_bathymetry).
If missing, the article is added to Category:Wikipedia infobox lake articles without image
see also: Wikipedia:WikiProject Lakes/Galleries
alt_lake
Alt text describing the image, for visually impaired readers and other applications where the image cannot be seen
caption_lake
Text about the image; avoid repeating the name of the lake, it's already in the first field of the infobox.
image_bathymetry
bathymetry_image.png (or other image, avoid maps showing only the location of the lake)
alt_bathymetry
Alt text for the bathymetry (or other) image
caption_bathymetry
Text about the bathymetry (or other) image
location
Text about the lake's location. Note the town/state/region the lake is located in. Names are listed in wikified form, without flags.
Add the country only if the lake is located in several countries or if there are several basin countries, but only one country the lake is located in.
coords
Latitude and Longitude coordinates of the lake. It is common to use the approximate center of the lake, or simply any notable portion of the lake for the coordinates. Coordinates are generally displayed in the infobox and on the top corner of the articles. For more, see WP:GEO and WP:Obtaining geographic coordinates
Sample coordinates: {{coord|47|01|10|N|8|24|04|E|type:waterbody_region:CH|display =inline,title}}
Coordinates-"Type:" for lakes is "waterbody".
If missing, the article is placed in Category:Wikipedia infobox lake articles without coordinates
type
type of lake. If it's a reservoir, add "[[reservoir]]".
For typologies, see Wikipedia_talk:WikiProject_Lakes#Lake_types and Lake#Types_of_lakes
Samples values with wikimarkup (only one or a few may apply): [[periglacial]], [[subglacial lake|subglacial]], [[artificial lake|artificial]] [[reservoir (water)|reservoir]], [[endorheic]], [[meromictic]], [[oxbow lake|oxbow]], [[rift lake]], [[underground lake|underground]], [[crater lake]], [[intermittent lake|intermittent]], [[:Category:Former lakes|former lake]], [[:Category:Shrunken lakes|shrunken lake]]; [[oligotrophic]], [[mesotropic]], [[eutrophic lake|eutrophic]], [[hypertrophic]]
inflow
major inflow sources — rivers, aquifers, glacial runoff, etc.
Use italics for any terms that are not place names, e.g. none
outflow
outflow waterway names.
If evaporation or seepage are notable outflows, they may be included.
Use italics for any terms that are not place names, e.g. evaporation
catchment
the area of catchment (in square kilometres) which includes the entire area of the drainage basin for that lake. This may include rivers and other lakes. If this can be accompanied with a map or drawing, include it with the article.
Sample value: 2124 km
basin_countries
which countries have drainage to/from or border the lake. To conform a standard, this should include all countries that are directly involved with the lake's ecology; this would include inflows, outflows, or physically contact the lake.
Countries are listed in unwikified form, without flags. For Antarctica, use "(Antarctica)".
agency
managing or owning organisation
designation
protected status as a nature reserve, etc.
date-built
date construction the lake/ reservoir started, if man-made.
date-flooded
date the lake/ reservoir was first flooded, if man-made or otherwise recent.
length
maximum length of the lake in km; the length of the lake at its longest dimension.
width
maximum width of the lake in km; perpendicular to the angle used to calculate length.
area
total area of the lake's surface in square kilometres; if this value varies drastically (due to evaporation or changes in flow), attempt to find a documented average value.
Sample conversion for imperial units: {{convert|1234|acre|abbr=on}} this renders as: 1,234 acre(499 ha)
depth
Average depth of the lake in metres
Sample conversion for imperial units: {{convert|123|ft|abbr=on}} this renders as: 123英尺(37米)
max-depth
Maximum depth of the lake in metres.
volume
total volume of the lake (cubic metres or cubic kilometres)
Sample value: 11.8 km³</nowiki>
To convert acre-feet, use {{convert|1234567|acre.ft|abbr=on}} this renders as 1,234,567 acre·ft(1.522816×109 m3
residence_time
residence time of the lake water or lake retention time (generally in years). This is the mean time water spends in the lake.
shore
length of the shoreline in kilometres; this should not include values for waterways directly connected to the lake, and should reflect the shore at average surface area.
elevation
elevation above sea-level in meters; again, if this value varies due to variable inflow or outflow, attempt to use a documented average value. If at all possible, state the date at which the elevation was measured.
islands
total number of islands in the lake; it is common practice to also include the names of any notable islands in the lake.
islands_category
if there is a specific category for articles about islands in the lake, it can be added in this field (e.g. Islands of the Caspian Sea). "Islands" in the infobox then links to this category instead of Category:Islands in lakes.
cities
notable cities or settlements on or near the lakeshore.
frozen
Information about lake freezing: e.g. usual freezing date, months the lake is frozen, last years the lake was frozen, never, etc.
reference
references for some or all of the values. Rather than including full references in any of the previous fields, <ref name ="multiple"> and </ref> should be used in this field and cross-referenced in the other fields with <ref name ="multiple"/>. See Help:Footnotes on how to use the tags.
align
"align =left" allows to align the infobox left (default is right). This avoids collision with another infobox.

Imperial units should be converted to metric units, preferably using {{convert}}, e.g. {{convert|1234|acre|abbr=on}} this renders as 1,234 acre(499 ha)

Maintenance categories[编辑]

The infobox has several maintenance categories connected to it:

The categories are hidden, i.e. the aren't visible in the standard display of the articles (see WP:Hidden_categories).

Microformat[编辑]

本模板產生的HTML記號包含了HCard 微格式,能夠讓電腦解析地點名稱和位置,具有可自動將文章分類至適當類別的功能。在HCard中有Geo微格式,能讓電腦分析经纬度資料,因此可在地圖上查詢,或下載至全球定位系统(GPS)裝置。關於微格式的更多使用資訊,請參閱維基百科的微格式專題

hCard 使用以下的 HTML class:

  • "adr"
  • "county-name"
  • "fn"
  • "label"
  • "locality"
  • "nickname"
  • "note"
  • "org"
  • "vcard"

Geo由{{coord}}產生,並使用以下的HTML class:

  • "geo"
  • "latitude"
  • "longitude"

请勿将这些class更名或删除。

當指定經緯度數值時,請避免太過詳細。

參見[编辑]