對蝦科

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對蝦科
化石時期: 三疊紀–現在
斑节对虾
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 節肢動物門 Arthropoda
亞門: 甲殼亞門 Crustacea
綱: 軟甲綱 Malacostraca
目: 十足目 Decapoda
亞目: 枝鰓亞目 Dendrobranchiata
總科: 對蝦總科 Penaeoidea
科: 對蝦科 Penaeidae
Rafinesque, 1815

對蝦科Penaeidae)是枝鰓亞目下的一個。該科下既有海生蝦也有淡水蝦,并包含許多對環境和經濟都很重要的物種。在許多對蝦科生物的觸鬚上都發現了類似體側線的感覺器官。[1] 其下生物有世界上最快的衝動傳導速度,高達210米每秒(760公里每小時)。[2]

[编辑]

對蝦科有48個,其中23個只有化石[3]

  • † Albertoppelia Schweigert & Garassino, 2004
  • † Ambilobeia Garassino & Pasini, 2002
  • † Antrimpos Münster, 1839
  • Artemesia Bate, 1888
  • 異對蝦屬(Atypopenaeus Alcock, 1905
  • † Bombur Münster, 1839
  • † Bylgia Münster, 1839
  • † Carinacaris Garassino, 1994
  • † Cretapenaeus Garassino, Pasini & Dutheil, 2006
  • † Drobna Münster, 1839
  • † Dusa Münster, 1839
  • Farfantepenaeus Burukovsky, 1997
  • 明對蝦屬(Fenneropenaeus Pérez Farfante, 1969
  • 刺顎蝦屬(Funchalia Johnson, 1868
  • † Hakelocaris Garassino, 1994
  • Heteropenaeus De Man, 1896
  • † Ifasya Garassino & Teruzzi, 1995
  • † Koelga Münster, 1839
  • † Libanocaris Garassino, 1994
  • 滨对虾属(Litopenaeus Pérez Farfante, 1969
  • † Longichela Garassino & Teruzzi, 1993
  • † Longitergite Garassino & Teruzzi, 1996
  • † Macropenaeus Garassino, 1994
  • Macropetasma Stebbing, 1914
  • 囊对虾属(Marsupenaeus Tirmizi, 1971
  • 大突虾属(Megokris Pérez Farfante & Kensley, 1997
  • 沟对虾属(Melicertus Rafinesque, 1814
  • 赤虾属(Metapenaeopsis Bouvier, 1905
  • 新对虾属(Metapenaeus Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891
  • † Microchela Garassino, 1994
  • † Micropenaeus Bravi & Garassino, 1998
  • 仿对虾属(Parapenaeopsis Alcock, 1901
  • Parapenaeus Smith, 1885
  • 浮对虾属(Pelagopenaeus Pérez Farfante & Kensley, 1997
  • Penaeopsis Bate, 1881
  • 對蝦屬(Penaeus Fabricius, 1798
  • Protrachypene Burkenroad, 1934
  • † Pseudobombur Secretan, 1975
  • † Pseudodusa Schweigert & Garassino, 2004
  • † Rauna angusta|Rauna Münster, 1839
  • † Rhodanicaris Van Straelen, 1924
  • Rimapenaeus Pérez Farfante & Kensley, 1997
  • † Satyrocaris Garassino & Teruzzi, 1993
  • Tanypenaeus Pérez Farfante, 1972
  • Trachypenaeopsis Burkenroad, 1934
  • Trachypenaeus Alcock, 1901
  • Trachysalambria Burkenroad, 1934
  • Xiphopenaeus Smith, 1869

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ E. J. Denton & John Gray. Lateral-line-like antennae of certain of the Penaeidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Natantia). Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 1985, 226 (1244): 249–261. doi:10.1098/rspb.1985.0094. 
  2. ^ Ke Hsu & Susumu Terakawa. Fenestration in the myelin sheath of nerve fibers of the shrimp: A novel node of excitation for saltatory conduction. Journal of Neurobiology. 1998, 30 (3): 397–409. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4695(199607)30:3<397::AID-NEU8>3.0.CO;2-#. 
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave, N. Dean Pentcheff, Shane T. Ahyong et al.. A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 2009,. Suppl. 21: 1–109.