平頭豬

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平頭豬
化石時期: 上新世至晚更新世
Platygonus-skeleton.jpg
保护状况
化石
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 脊索動物門 Chordata
綱: 哺乳動物綱 Mammalia
目: 偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
科: 西猯科 Tayassuidae
屬: 平頭豬屬 Platygonus
Le Conte, 1848
模式種
Platygonus compressus
  • P. compressus
  • P. bicalcaratus
  • P. brachirostris
  • P. oregonensis
  • P. pearcei
  • P. vetus

平頭豬Platygonus)是一属已滅絕豬形动物

平頭豬長約1米,比現今的野豬較長,牠的腳長適合奔跑。牠有像的鼻端,可以對抗掠食者的長獠牙。平頭豬的消化系統非常複雜,較為像反芻亞目

平頭豬是群居的動物,像現今的野豬般是成群生活的。牠們分佈在加拿大南部至墨西哥美國加利福尼亞州賓夕凡尼亞州。牠們出現於更新世卡拉布里亞階,最早的可追溯至上新世格拉斯階布蘭卡階

參考[编辑]

  • Wagner, George (1903) "Observations on Platygonus Compressus Leconte" The Journal of Geology University of Chicago. Dept. of Geology and Paleontology, University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, 11: pp. 777-782;
  • Hoare, Richard D. et al. (May 1964) "Pleistocene Peccary Platygonus Compressus Leconte from Sandusky County, Ohio" The Ohio Journal of Science 64(3): pp. 207-214;
  • Ray, Clayton E.; Denny, Charles S. and Rubin, Meyer (January 1970) "A peccary, Platygonus Compressus LeConte, from drift of Wisconsian age in Northern Pennsylvania" The American Journal of Science Yale University 268: pp.78-94;
  • Wilson, Ronald C.; Guilday, John E. and Branstetter, John A. (October 1975) "Extinct Peccary (Platygonus compressus LeConte) From a Central Kentucky Cave" The NSS Bulletin 37(4): pp. 83-87;
  • Kurtén, Björn; and Anderson, Elaine (1980) Pleistocene Mammals of North America Columbia University Press, New York ISBN 0-231-03733-3 ;
  • Murray, Lyndon K. et al. (September 2005) "Late Pleistocene Fauna from the Southern Colorado Plateau, Navajo County, Arizona" The Southwestern Naturalist 50(3): pp. 363–374;