新進腹足類

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新进腹足总目
新进腹总目物种
新进腹总目物种
科學分類
界: 动物界 Animalia
門: 软体动物门 Mollusca
綱: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
亞綱: 直腹足亚纲 Orthogastropoda
總目: 新进腹足总目 Caenogastropoda
Cox, 1960

新进腹足类学名Caenogastropoda),又名新生腹足類,最早由Cox于1960年提出,其中包含了很大数量海生腹足纲种群。其由原来的中腹足目(Mesogastropoda)和新腹足目(Neogastropoda)组成。

新进腹足类包含了海洋软体动物中绝大多数的科。

生物学[编辑]

新进腹足总目的外形表现身体扭曲成螺旋状。先前曾被归为扭神经亚纲Streptoneura和前鳃亚纲Prosobranchia。其特征包括,一个心耳和一对心叶,一个栉鳃。被更早的学者称为单心耳目Monotocardia或Pectinobranchia。

分類[编辑]

現時分類:

新进腹足类包含了海洋软体动物中绝大多数的科,其中包含了很大数量海生腹足纲种群。 本類最早由Leslie Reginald Cox於1960年提出,當時是一個總目[1],現時被作為一個不排序的支序去處理。本類是從原来约翰尼斯·提艾利(Johannes Thiele)在1925年發表的分類方案裡的中腹足目(Mesogastropoda)和新腹足目(Neogastropoda)合併组成[2],等同於Mörch在1865年發表的單心耳目

根据齿舌的解剖学特征可以被分成两类:

  • 带舌目Taenioglossa(taenio意思为带状),即旧称的中腹足目Mesogastropoda,每行具有7个齿。
  • 狭舌目Stenoglossa(stena意思为狭窄),即旧称新腹足目Neogastropoda,每行具有1-3个齿。

1997年分類[编辑]

Ponder & Lindberg, 1997 and others since (e.g. Vega et al., 2006;[3] Harzhauser, 2004;[4] and Pina, 2002.[5]) show Caenogastropoda as a superorder, following the sense of Cox, 1960. More recently Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005 revised Caenogastropoda as a clade.

2005年分類[编辑]

在2005年出版的布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類,本類物種大致分為以下四大分支[2]

2006年分類[编辑]

Colgan et al. (2006)[6] provided further insight into the phylogeny of Caenogastropoda.[7]

Latest views by the World Register of Marine Species[编辑]

Sorbeoconcha should be considered an alternate representation of Caenogastropoda.

Sorbeoconcha should include:

  • 蟹守螺超科(Cerithioidea)[8]
  • Campaniloidea
  • all Hypsogastropoda (i.e. the remaining Caenogastropoda)]

see definition in Ponder & Lindberg, 1997: 225, not only [Cerithioidea + Campaniloidea] as suggested by the indent pattern in Bouchet & Rocroi. Neotaenioglossa Haller, 1892 suggested in Ruud Bank’s draft for Fauna Europaea is not retained because it would need severe emendation to remove Pyramidellids, Cerithioids, etc.. included in its original definition, and therefore would be too far from Haller's concept if it were to fit the concept of Sorbeoconcha. Although cladistically sound, the taxon Sorbeoconcha is skipped in the classification scheme because (1) ten years after its publication, the name still sounds unfamiliar to most and (2) it is not very helpful in the classification because it includes the bulk of Caenogastropoda (only keeping out small stem groups Abyssochrysidae, Provannidae, and the architaenioglossate taxa).[9]

現時WoRMS對新進腹足類物種的劃分如下[10]

Stenoglossa被歸入新腹足目之中。

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Caenogastropoda. Paleobiology (英文). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Bouchet P., Rocroi J.-P., Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks). 2005, 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3925919724. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ F. J. Vega et al. 2006. El Espinal, a new plattenkalk facies locality from the Lower Cretaceous Sierra Madre Formation, Chiapas, southeastern Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 23(3):323-333
  4. ^ Harzhauser M. (2004). "Oligocene gastropod faunas for the Eastern Mediterranean (Mesohellenic Trough/Greece and Esfahan-Sirjan Basin/Central Iran)". Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 248: 93-181.
  5. ^ A.Pina -Caenogastropoda
  6. ^ Colgan D. J., Ponder W. F., Beacham E. & Macaranas J. (2006). "Molecular phylogenetics of Caenogastropoda (Gastropoda: Mollusca)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42(3): 717-737. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.10.009 PDF
  7. ^ 引用错误:无效<ref>标签;未为name属性为Cox_L._R_1960_page_311的引用提供文字
  8. ^ 甘武. 江西及其周边地区肋蜷科(Pleuroceridae)分类及生物学研究. 南昌大學硕士學位论文 (中文(简体)‎). 
  9. ^ WoRMS. Sorbeoconcha. World Register of Marine Species. 2013 [2013-06-28]. 
  10. ^ WoRMS. Caenogastropoda. World Register of Marine Species. 2009 [2013-08-20]. 

外部链接[编辑]

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