光辉号航空母舰 (87)

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HMS Illustrious (AWM 302415).jpg
HMS Illustrious c. 1942
服役概略 (United Kingdom)
船名: HMS Illustrious
訂購時間: 13 January 1937
1936 Naval Programme
建造廠: Vickers-Armstrongs
龍骨安放: 27 April 1937
下水: 5 April 1939
服役: 25 May 1940
除役: End of 1954
除籍: 3 November 1956
識別: Pennant number: 87
格言: Vox Non Incerta
("No Uncertain Voice")
結果: Scrapped at Faslane
技术数据 (as built)
艦級與艦型 Illustriousaircraft carrier
排水量 23,000長噸(23,369公噸) (standard)
全長 740尺(225.6米) (o/a)
710尺(216.4米) (waterline)
全寬 95尺9寸(29.2米)
吃水 28尺10寸(8.8米) (deep load)
動力來源 111,000 shp(83,000 kW)
8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers
動力輸出 3 shafts
3 geared steam turbines
最高航速 30.5節(56.5公里每小時;35.1英里每小時)
續航距離 10,700 nmi(19,800 km;12,300 mi) at 10節(19公里每小時;12英里每小時)
乘員 1,229
侦搜系统 1 × Type 79 early-warning radar
武器裝備 8 × twin QF 4.5-inch dual-purpose guns
6 × octuple QF 2-pdr anti-aircraft guns
装甲
艦載機 36–57
舰载机设施 1 catapult

HMS Illustrious,第四艘以“光辉”为名的英国皇家海军军舰是一条二战中的舰队航空母舰光辉级航空母舰的领舰。

建造[编辑]

它由巴罗市维克斯-阿姆斯特朗船厂建造, 1939年下水,1940年4月16日服役,排水量28,000吨,载机57架,其中33-36架收在装甲机库中。[1]她比之前的皇家方舟号和之后的不屈级、怨仇级载机要少,这是因为其重甲保护的机库比皇家方舟来得小。 但是在改装中去掉了飞行甲板下翘尾并采用永久甲板驻留方式装载飞机后载机量大大上升。[2] 她被船员们爱称“健壮号”1940年五月24日海试时达到了113,700马力234.2转速,准确的速度由于去掉了定深拖筏而未能记录,但估计有31节。[3]


注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Lyon, D.J., Warship Profile 10, HMS Illustrious Aircraft Carrier 1939-1956, Technical History, p232
  2. ^ Brown, David, Warship Profile 11, HMS Illustrious Aircraft Carrier 1939-1956, Operational History, p246
  3. ^ Lyon, p.235

书目[编辑]

  • Brown, David. HMS Illustrious: Aircraft Carrier 1939–1956: Operational History. Warship Profile 11. Windsor, UK: Profile Publications. 1971. OCLC 33202926. 
  • Brown, David. WWII Fact Files: Aircraft Carriers. New York: Arco Publishing. 1977. ISBN 0-668-04164-1. 
  • Brown, J. D. Carrier Operations in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. 2009. ISBN 978-1-59114-108-2. 
  • Campbell, John. Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. 1985. ISBN 0-87021-459-4. 
  • Chesneau, Roger. Aircraft Carriers of the World, 1914 to the Present: An Illustrated Encyclopedia New, Revised. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. 1995. ISBN 0-87021-902-2. 
  • Chesneau, Roger (编). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. 1980. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman. British Carrier Aviation: The Evolution of the Ships and Their Aircraft. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. 1988. ISBN 0-87021-054-8. 
  • Hobbs, David. British Aircraft Carriers: Design, Development and Service Histories. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. 2013. ISBN 978-1-84832-138-0. 
  • Hobbs, David. The British Pacific Fleet: The Royal Navy's Most Powerful Strike Force. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. 2011. ISBN 978-1-59114-044-3. 
  • Lyon, D. J. HMS Illustrious: Aircraft Carrier 1939–1956: Technical History. Warship Profile 10. Windsor, UK: Profile Publications. 1971. OCLC 42677169. 
  • McCart, Neil. The Illustrious & Implacable Classes of Aircraft Carrier 1940–1969. Cheltenham, UK: Fan Publications. 2000. ISBN 1-901225-04-6. 
  • Shores, Christopher. Dust Clouds in the Middle East. London: Grubb Street. 1996. ISBN 1-898697-37-X. 
  • Shores, Christopher; Cull, Brian & Malizia, Nicola. Air War for Yugoslavia, Greece, and Crete. London: Grub Street. 1987. ISBN 0-948817-07-0. 
  • Sturtivant, Ray. The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians). 1984. ISBN 0-85130-120-7. 

外连[编辑]


Template:Illustrious class aircraft carrier