報春花屬

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报春花属
歐洲報春 Primula vulgaris
科学分类 编辑
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 维管植物 Tracheophyta
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
演化支 菊类植物 Asterids
目: 杜鹃花目 Ericales
科: 报春花科 Primulaceae
族: 报春花族 Primuleae
属: 报春花属 Primula
L., 1753

见内文

異名
  • Aleuritia (Duby) Opiz
  • Aretia Link
  • Auganthus Link
  • Auricula Hill
  • Auricula-ursi Ség.
  • Cankrienia de Vriese
  • Carolinella Hemsl.
  • Cortusa L.
  • Evotrochis Raf.
  • Exinia Raf.
  • Kablikia Opiz
  • Meadia Mill.
  • Oscaria Lilja
  • Paralysis Hill
  • Primula wilcoxiana Primulidium
  • Spach Sredinskya
  • (Stein) Fed. ×Cortoprimula
  • Zeman
栽培种
Primula farinosa
Primula hortensis
Primula prolifera
Primula rosea
Primula sieboldii
Primula veris

報春花屬(学名:Primula),又稱櫻草屬,是报春花科底下的一個屬。本屬的許多物種栽培成為觀賞花卉。原產於北半球溫帶,南至衣索比亞印度尼西亞新幾內亞,以及溫帶南美洲南部。约有500种[1]。90%以上属于二型花柱植物[2]。中国有350多种(含种下等级)。

常見品種有報春花Primula malacoides)、四季櫻草P. obconica)、中國櫻草P. sinensis)、雲南報春P. forbesii)、黃花九輪草P. veris)等。

學名primula拉丁語primus(意為首要的)的女性指小詞形,應用在春天最早開花的品種。在德語又稱鑰匙花(Schlüsselblumen),源自德國傳說故事,其中描述到小女孩用櫻草插入鑰匙孔打開城堡大門。

部分品種[编辑]

本属包括以下物种:[3]

栽培种:
杂交种:

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 报春花属自然杂交或致耐寒基因转移. 中国科学网. 2014-05-05 [2014-07-01]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-13). 
  2. ^ Li, Haidong; Ren, Zongxin; Wu, Zhikun; Xu, Kun; Wang, Hong. Variation in floral traits of distylous Primula poissonii (Primulaceae) along geographic gradients. Biodiversity Science. 2015, 23 (6): 747–758. doi:10.17520/biods.2015171. 
  3. ^ Primula L.. GBIF. [2023-02-12]. (原始内容存档于2023-02-12). 
  4. ^ Wen-Bin Ju, Heng-Ning Deng, Da-Hai Zhu, Yun-Dong Gao, Xin-Fen Gao and Bo Xu. 2021. Primula dujiangyanensis (Primulaceae) discovered from Sichuan, Southwest China. Phytotaxa. 510(3); 275–280. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.510.3.7
  5. ^ 湖南发现两种植物新种:湘妃水韭、湖南报春. GBIF. [2023-02-12]. (原始内容存档于2023-02-12). 
  6. ^ Yuan Wu, Wu-Hai Yang and Zhi-Kun Wu. 2023. Primula jiaozishanensis (Primulaceae), A New Species in Primula sect. Petiolares subsect. Davidii from Yunnan, China. PhytoKeys. 227: 25-33. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.227.103985
  7. ^ Wen-Bin Ju, Liu-Yang He, Qi Lan, Ying-Hao Wu, Heng-Ning Deng, Xing-Jin He, Xin-Fen Gao and Bo Xu. 2023. Primula lizipingensis (Primulaceae), A New Species from Sichuan, China. PhytoKeys. 236: 135-143. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.236.112169
  8. ^ Primula longipilosa (Primulaceae), a new species from Yunnan, China. PhytoKeys. [2023-03-16]. (原始内容存档于2023-03-16). 
  9. ^ 云南发现报春花属一新种:长柱报春花. GBIF. [2023-02-13]. (原始内容存档于2023-02-13). 
  10. ^ Wen-Bin Ju, Heng-Ning Deng, Feng Liu, Xing-Jin He, Xin-Fen Gao and Bo Xu. 2023. Primula medogensis, A New Species of Primulaceae from Tibet of China. PhytoKeys. 230: 107-114. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.230.107008
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 报春花再添两新种,命名致敬吴征镒、武素功. NSII. [2023-07-30]. (原始内容存档于2023-07-30). 
  12. ^ Jiao Sun, Dai-Gui Zhang, Xian-Han Huang, Komiljon Tojibaev, Jing-Yuan Yang, Heng-Chang Wang and Tao Deng. 2021. Primula sunhangii (Primulaceae): A New Species from Hubei, Central China. PhytoKeys. 156: 103-112. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.156.49137
  13. ^ “Primula surculosa (Primulaceae), a new species from Yunnan, China”(PhytoKeys 212: 29–35 (2022))
  14. ^ Wadi H , Shehri A . Ecomorphological Study of Primula verticillata from Tanumah Waterfall[J]. Journal of King Abdulaziz University-Science, 2002, 14(1).
  15. ^ Bin Yang, Yun-Juan Zuo, Mei Li, Dong-Li Quan, Li Wang, Shi-Shun Zhou, Gui He and Yun-Hong Tan. 2023. Primula weimingii (Primulaceae), A New Species from Yunnan, China. Taiwania. 68(4); 435-438. DOI: 10.6165/tai.2023.68.435
  16. ^ Xiong Li, Yue-Hong Cheng, Hong-Qiang Lin, Cheng Chen, Xin-Fen Gao, Heng-Ning Deng, Feng Yu, Plenković-Moraj Anđelka, Wen-Bin Ju and Bo Xu. 2023. Primula wolongensis (Primulaceae), A New Species of the Primrose from Sichuan, China. PhytoKeys. 218: 47-57. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.218.91161
  17. ^ Junjia Luo, Mingke Zhang, Xiaofeng Liu, Hui Chen, Tingyu Li, Xudong Ma, Ke Huang and Zhixi Fu. 2023. Primula xilingensis (Primulaceae), A New Species from Sichuan, China. PhytoKeys. 234: 135-143. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.234.108411
  18. ^ Wei Zhang, Yu Zhang and Jian Wen Shao. 2022. Primula xinningensis (Primulaceae), A New Species from Karst Caves in Hunan, China. PhytoKeys. 199: 155-166. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.199.85231
  19. ^ 朱华报春——东南亚中心发现云南南部报春花属一新种. NSII. [2023-02-18]. (原始内容存档于2023-02-18). 

外部連結[编辑]