大歷史

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艺术家的描绘了 威尔金森微波各向异性探测器的 卫星收集的数据,以帮助科学家们理解宇宙大爆炸
大爆炸 膨胀根据 美国宇航局

大历史(Big History)是一个新興學術領域,探索从 大爆炸 到現代的歷史 。 它通過包括科學、人文、等,多種學科的跨學科方法來檢視長遠的时间框架[1][2][3][4][5] 并在更大的背景之下探讨人类存在的意義。[6] 它整合宇宙、地球、生命和人类的研究,使用经验,证据来探索因果关系,[7][8] 它被講授於大学[9] 和中学[10] 經常使用基于网路的互動式专题來介绍。[10] 此运动涉及澳大利亚麦考瑞大学之历史学家大卫·克利斯汀英语David Christian (historian),他创造了"大的历史"这个词,[7][9][11] 并且是由一个"学者的不寻常联盟"所成就。[2] 一个「大历史」的早期例子发现於约翰·肯尼迪萊斯大學的着名演讲,他將50,000年的人类历史濃縮為半个世纪來講解。[12] 一些历史学家表示对"科学历史"表示怀疑,并认为「大历史」之宣稱沒有独创性。[13]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Rev. Michael Dowd. Big History Hits the Big Time. Huffington Post. May 8, 2012 [2012-12-13]. "Big History" has entered the big leagues ... 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Patricia cohen. History That's Written in Beads as Well as in Words. The New York Times. September 26, 2011 [2012-12-13]. 
  3. ^ Ursula Goodenough. It's Time for a New Narrative; It's Time for 'Big History'. NPR. February 10, 2011 [2012-12-13]. 
  4. ^ Tom Vander Ark (December 13, 2012).
  5. ^ Christian, David. Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History. 
  6. ^ Stearns, Peter N. Growing Up: The History of Childhood in a Global Context. : 9. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Vanessa Thorpe. Big History theories pose latest challenge to traditional curriculum: Maverick academic's 'Big History' – which is backed by Bill Gates – is subject of new documentary. The Guardian. 27 October 2012 [2012-12-13]. Big History, a movement spearheaded by the Oxford-educated maverick historian David Christian,... 
  8. ^ International Big History Association. [September 17, 2012]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Craig Benjamin. Recent Developments in Big History. History of Science Society. July 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2013-01-09). Vol. 41, No. 3, 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 Stephanie M. McPherson. 5 big ideas that just might transform the classroom: From longer days to history courses that span 13.7 billion years, these notions just might transform the classroom.. Boston Globe Magazine. 2012 [2012-12-13]. 1. TAKE THE REALLY LONG VIEW 
  11. ^ Connie Barlow and Michael Dowd. Failing Our Youth: A Call to Religious Liberals. Huffington Post. December 13, 2012 [2012-12-13]. Historian David Christian ... "big history." 
  12. ^ JFK speech at Rice (video)
  13. ^ Rebekah Higgitt. (Pseudo)scientific history?: At least one historical prediction holds true: the regular appearance of claims to have the key to 'scientific history'. The Guardian. 16 August 2012 [2012-12-13]. ... Peter Turchin ... to explain 'big history' – things like the rise of empires, social discontent, civil wars, and state collapse". ...