子句

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语法中,子句,又称分句从句,英文(clause),子句是构成一个完整命题的最小语法单位。[1]典型的语句通常包含主語謂語这两个成分[2],其中谓语一般是主謂短語,由动词賓語等其他修饰成分构成。然而,主语时常被省掉(尤其是在无主语语言英语null-subject language中),但有时也会在英语等其他语言中出现(如祈使句)。

脚注[编辑]

  1. ^ For this basic definition in terms of a proposition, see Kroeger (2005:32).
  2. ^ For a definition of the clause that emphasizes the subject-predicate relationship, see Radford (2004327f.).

参考资料[编辑]

  • Crystal, David (1997). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. fourth edition. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Kroeger, Paul R. (2005). Analysing Grammar: An Introduction. Cambridge. UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Timothy Osborne; Thomas Gross. Constructions are catenae: Construction Grammar meets Dependency Grammar. Cognitive Linguistics. 2012, 23 (1): 163–214. doi:10.1515/cog-2012-0006. 
  • Radford, Andrew (2004). English syntax: An introduction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.