它拿字母

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
它拿字母
ތާނަ
类型全音素文字
语言迪維希語
母书写系统
ISO 15924Thaa、170
书写方向从右到左
注意:本页可能包含Unicode国际音标

它拿字母迪维希语名:ތާނަ,拉丁转写:Tāna)用於拼寫馬爾代夫官方語言迪維希語。文章從右向左書寫。

起源[编辑]

它拿字母表裏,第一個到第九個輔音字母源于阿拉伯文數字的一到九;第十個到第十八個輔音字母源于印度數字的一到九;剩餘的第十九個到第二十四個輔音字母僅用於音譯外來語,除了ޔ,都是前十八個字母裏發音接近的字母的變體。

字母表[编辑]

本语言用元音字母,寫在輔音字母的上方或下方。

它拿字母
字母 計算機統一碼 名稱 拉丁字母轉寫 發音(國際音標
ހ
0780 HAA h [h]
ށ
0781 SHAVIYANI sh [ʂ]
ނ
0782 NOONU n [n̪]
ރ
0783 RAA r [ɾ̪]
ބ
0784 BAA b [b]
ޅ
0785 LHAVIYANI lh [ɭ]
ކ
0786 KAAFU k [k]
އ
0787 ALIFU Ø
ވ
0788 VAAVU v [ʋ]
މ
0789 MEEMU m [m]
ފ
078A FAAFU f [f]
ދ
078B DHAALU dh [d̪]
ތ
078C THAA th [t̪]
ލ
078D LAAMU l [l]
ގ
078E GAAFU g [ɰ]
ޏ
078F GNAVIYANI gn [ɲ]
ސ
0790 SEENU s [θ̟]
ޑ
0791 DAVIYANI d [ɖ]
ޒ
0792 ZAVIYANI z [ð̟]
ޓ
0793 TAVIYANI t [ʈ]
ޔ
0794 YAA y [j]
ޕ
0795 PAVIYANI p [p]
ޖ
0796 JAVIYANI j [ɟ]
ޗ
0797 CHAVIYANI ch [c]
ޘ
0798 TTAA 用於轉寫阿拉伯語詞彙
ޙ
0799 HHAA
ޚ
079A KHAA
ޛ
079B THAALU
ޜ
079C ZAA 用於轉寫英語[ʒ]
ޝ
079D SHEENU 用於轉寫阿拉伯語詞彙
ޞ
079E SAADHU
ޟ
079F DAADHU
ޠ
07A0 TO
ޡ
07A1 ZO
ޢ
07A2 AINU
ޣ
07A3 GHAINU
ޤ
07A4 QAAFU
ޥ
07A5 WAAVU
އަ
0787+07A6 ABAFILI a [ɐ̈]
އާ
0787+07A7 AABAAFILI aa [əɜː]
އި
0787+07A8 IBIFILI i [ɪ]
އީ
0787+07A9 EEBEEFILI ee [iː]
އު
0787+07AA UBUFILI u [ə̈]
އޫ
0787+07AB OOBOOFILI oo [əʉː]
އެ
0787+07AC EBEFILI e [əeɪ]
އޭ
0787+07AD EYBEYFILI ey [eːɪ]
އޮ
0787+07AE OBOFILI o [əɔ]
އޯ
0787+07AF OABOAFILI oa [ɔː]
އް
0787+07B0 SUKUN ' '
ޱ
07B1 NAA(最南端的阿度島方言) [ɳ]

Unicode[编辑]

它拿字母
Unicode.org chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+078x ހ ށ ނ ރ ބ ޅ ކ އ ވ މ ފ ދ ތ ލ ގ ޏ
U+079x ސ ޑ ޒ ޓ ޔ ޕ ޖ ޗ ޘ ޙ ޚ ޛ ޜ ޝ ޞ ޟ
U+07Ax ޠ ޡ ޢ ޣ ޤ ޥ ަ ާ ި ީ ު ޫ ެ ޭ ޮ ޯ
U+07Bx ް ޱ                            

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Bell, H. C. P. The Maldive islands: Monograph on the History, Archaeology and Epigraphy. Reprint 1940 edn. Malé 1986.
  • Bell, H. C. P. The Maldive Islands: An account of the physical features, History, Inhabitants, Productions and Trade. Colombo, 1883, ISBN 81-206-1222-1
  • Bell, H. C. P. Excerpta Maldiviana. Reprint 1922-1935 edition New Delhi 1998.
  • Divehi Bahuge Qawaaaid. Vols 1 to 5. Ministry of Education. Malé 1978.
  • Divehīnge Tarika. Divehīnge Bas. Divehibahāi Tārikhah Khidumaykurā Qaumī Majlis. Malé 2000.
  • Gair, James W. & Cain, Bruce D. (1996), "Divehi Writing" in Peter T. Daniels & William Bright, ed., The World's Writing Systems, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 564–568. ISBN 0-19-507993-0.
  • Romero-Frias, Xavier, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. ISBN 84-7254-801-5
  • Geiger, Wilhelm. Maldivian Linguistic Studies. Reprint 1919 edn. Novelty Press. Malé 1986.
  • Ager, Simon. Thaana (Maldivian) script. Omniglot, writing systems & languages of the world. [2006-09-12]. 

外部連結[编辑]