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慣常式水力發電廠列表

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此列表為列出目前國際間利用水壩阻擋水流來進行電力生產的慣常式水力發電廠。該列表主要涵蓋了商轉中裝置容量大於1,000 MW 以及正在興建中的慣常式水力發電廠。而裝置容量小於 1,000 MW以及正在規劃中的慣常式水力發電廠則列在頁尾中的地區列表中。

截至2013年,國際間裝置容量最大的慣常式水力發電廠是中國長江三峽大壩,其總裝置容量額定功率最高為22,500 MW。而位在巴西巴拉圭交界的伊泰普水壩是一座裝置容量高達14,000 MW的慣常式水力發電廠,曾在2007年12月7日被評為當時世上建造最大的水力發電設施,該水壩高181米(594英尺),全長2,335米(7,661英尺),以及寬115米(377英尺)。發電廠內共裝置額定輸出為700 MW的32部水輪機,並且其中用來供應發電廠本身內部裝置的2部水輪機的額定輸出為50 MW,伊泰普水壩於1994年開始動工興建,於2012年完工商轉發電,期間將近耗費20年的時間來施工興建。 排在三峽大壩之後的三座大型慣常式水力發電廠為伊泰普水壩水力發電廠,古麗水壩水力發電廠以及圖庫魯伊水壩英语Tucurui Dam水力發電廠,其裝置容量額定輸出功率分別為14,000 MW,10,200 MW以及8,370 MW。上述中的四座水壩分別是日本柏崎刈羽核能發電廠(裝置容量:8,212 MW)商轉之前最大的不可再生能源發電設施。而目前在剛果計畫興建的大英戈水壩英语Grand Inga Dam其裝置容量將高過中國三峽大壩將近兩倍來到39,000 MW,將會超越當前三峽大壩裝置容量的22,500 MW

水力發電廠[编辑]

以下列表為列出當前國際間商轉中或正在興建中,並且裝置容量最少有1,000MW以上的慣常式水力發電廠。

Aerial view of a huge concrete structure located between the mountains, with buildings, power lines and construction and lifting cranes
中國長江三峽大壩是當今世上最大的水力發電設施
Aerial view of a concrete structure located between mountains that has a long ridge, a road and large pipes and an electric power transformation station
科班水壩英语Keban Dam
Image of a large structure located between two mountains with power lines, a jungle, a house and a green river

商轉中[编辑]

發電廠名稱 所在國家 所在地區 裝置容量 (MW 註釋
Água Vermelh水壩英语aÁgua Vermelha Dam  巴西 19°56′59″S 49°53′54″W / 19.94972°S 49.89833°W / -19.94972; -49.89833 (Agua Vermelha Dam) 1,396 [1][2]
阿海水壩英语Ahai Dam  中國 27°19′59″N 100°30′27″E / 27.33306°N 100.50750°E / 27.33306; 100.50750 (Ahai Dam) 2,000 [3]
阿科松博水壩英语Akosombo Hydroelectric Project  加纳 06°17′59″N 00°03′34″E / 6.29972°N 0.05944°E / 6.29972; 0.05944 (Akosombo Hydroelectric Project) 1,020 [4][5]
阿爾貝托 里爾拉斯水壩英语Alberto Lleras Dam  哥伦比亚 04°43′29″N 73°28′59″W / 4.72472°N 73.48306°W / 4.72472; -73.48306 (Alberto Lleras Dam) 1,150 [6]
Alberto Lleras 水壩英语Aldeadávila Dam  西班牙
 葡萄牙
41°12′42″N 6°41′08″W / 41.21167°N 6.68556°W / 41.21167; -6.68556 (Aldeadávila Dam) 1,200 [7]
Água Vermelha 水壩英语Alicurá Dam  阿根廷 40°35′10″S 70°45′09″W / 40.58611°S 70.75250°W / -40.58611; -70.75250 (Alicurá Dam) 1,000 [8][9]
亞斯文水壩  埃及 23°58′14″N 32°52′40″E / 23.97056°N 32.87778°E / 23.97056; 32.87778 (Aswan Dam) 2,100 [10]
阿塔圖爾克水壩英语Atatürk Dam  土耳其 37°28′54″N 38°19′03″E / 37.48167°N 38.31750°E / 37.48167; 38.31750 (Ataturk Dam) 2,400 [11]
白山水庫  中國 42°43′35″N 127°13′25″E / 42.72639°N 127.22361°E / 42.72639; 127.22361 (Baishan Hydropower Station) 1,800 [12][13]
巴貢水力發電廠  马来西亚 02°45′23″N 114°03′47″E / 2.75639°N 114.06306°E / 2.75639; 114.06306 (Bakun Hydroelectric Power Station) 2,400 [14]
Bento Munhoz 水力發電廠英语Bento Munhoz Hydroelectric Plant  巴西 26°00′34″S 51°40′00″W / 26.00944°S 51.66667°W / -26.00944; -51.66667 (Foz do Areia Dam) 1,674 [15]
Bersimis-1 水力發電廠英语Bersimis-1 generating station  加拿大 49°18′31″N 69°33′50″W / 49.30861°N 69.56389°W / 49.30861; -69.56389 (Bersimis-1 GS) 1,178 [16]
巴克拉水壩英语Bhakra Dam  印度 31°24′39″N 76°26′00″E / 31.41083°N 76.43333°E / 31.41083; 76.43333 (Bhakra Dam) 1,325 [17]
Bieudron 水力發電廠英语Bieudron Hydroelectric Power Station  瑞士 46°11′7.07″N 7°14′58.42″E / 46.1852972°N 7.2495611°E / 46.1852972; 7.2495611 (Bieudron Hydroelectric Power Station) 1,269 [18]
Boguchany 水力發電廠英语Boguchany Hydroelectric Power Station  俄羅斯 58°41′41″N 99°08′56″E / 58.69472°N 99.14889°E / 58.69472; 99.14889 (Boguchany Hydroelectric Power Station) 2,997 [19]
邊界水壩英语Boundary Dam  美國 48°59′14″N 117°20′51″W / 48.98722°N 117.34750°W / 48.98722; -117.34750 (Boundary Dam) 1,024 [20]
布拉茨克水力發電廠英语Bratsk Dam  俄羅斯 56°17′10″N 101°47′10″E / 56.28611°N 101.78611°E / 56.28611; 101.78611 (Bratsk Dam) 4,500 [21]
布列亞水壩英语Bureya Dam  俄羅斯 50°16′07″N 130°18′54″E / 50.26861°N 130.31500°E / 50.26861; 130.31500 (Bureya Dam) 2,010 [22][23]
卡布拉•巴薩水壩英语Cahora Bassa Dam  莫桑比克 15°35′07″S 32°42′17″E / 15.58528°S 32.70472°E / -15.58528; 32.70472 (Cahora Bassa Dam) 2,075 [24]
Caruachi水壩英语Caruachi Dam  委內瑞拉 08°09′36″N 62°47′55″W / 8.16000°N 62.79861°W / 8.16000; -62.79861 (Caruachi Dam) 2,160 [25]
切博克薩雷水力發電廠英语Cheboksary Hydroelectric Station  俄羅斯 56°08′17″N 47°27′56″E / 56.13806°N 47.46556°E / 56.13806; 47.46556 (Cheboksary Hydroelectric Station) 1,404 [26]
Chicoasén 水壩英语Chicoasén Dam  墨西哥 16°56′30″N 93°06′02″W / 16.94167°N 93.10056°W / 16.94167; -93.10056 (Chicoasén Dam) 2,430 [27]
Chirkey水壩英语Chirkey Dam  俄羅斯 42°58′38″N 46°52′15″E / 42.97722°N 46.87083°E / 42.97722; 46.87083 (Chirkey Hydroelectric Station) 1,000 [28]
香格里拉埃斯梅拉達水壩英语Chivor Hydroelectric Project  哥伦比亚 04°54′03″N 73°17′49″E / 4.90083°N 73.29694°E / 4.90083; 73.29694 (Chivor Hydroelectric Project) 1,000 [29]
丘吉爾瀑布水力發電廠英语Churchill Falls Generating Station  加拿大 53°31′46″N 63°58′05″W / 53.52944°N 63.96806°W / 53.52944; -63.96806 (Churchhill Falls Hydroelectric Power Station) 5,428 [30]
Cirata 水壩英语Cirata Dam  印尼 6°42′02″S 107°22′01″E / 6.70056°S 107.36694°E / -6.70056; 107.36694 (Cirata Dam) 1,008 [31]
大朝山大壩英语Dachaoshan Dam  中國 24°01′38″N 100°22′19″E / 24.02722°N 100.37194°E / 24.02722; 100.37194 (Dachaoshan Dam) 1,350 [32][33]
丹江口大壩  中國 32°33′21″N 111°29′16″E / 32.55583°N 111.48778°E / 32.55583; 111.48778 (Danjiangkou Dam) 1,035
第聶伯河水力發電廠  烏克蘭 47°52′09″N 35°05′13″E / 47.86917°N 35.08694°E / 47.86917; 35.08694 (Dnieper Hydroelectric Station) 1,569 [34]
El Chocón 水壩英语El Chocón Dam  阿根廷 39°17′00″S 68°48′00″W / 39.28333°S 68.80000°W / -39.28333; -68.80000 (El Chocon Dam) 1,200 [9][35]
Emborca​​ção 水力發電廠英语Emborcação Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 18°34′33″S 47°52′37″W / 18.57583°S 47.87694°W / -18.57583; -47.87694 (Emborcação Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,192 [36]
工程師索薩·迪亞斯水力發電廠英语Engineer Souza Dias Hydroelectric Power Station  巴西 26°27′00″S 52°40′00″W / 26.45000°S 52.66667°W / -26.45000; -52.66667 (Engineer Souza Dias Hydroelectric Power Station) 1,551 [1]
二灘水力發電廠  中國 26°49′16″N 101°46′52″E / 26.82111°N 101.78111°E / 26.82111; 101.78111 (Ertan Dam) 3,300 [37][37][38]
豐滿水力發電廠  中國 43°43′10″N 126°41′18″E / 43.71944°N 126.68833°E / 43.71944; 126.68833 (Fengman Dam) 1,004 [39][40]
弗納斯水壩英语Furnas Dam  巴西 20°40′11″S 46°19′05″W / 20.66972°S 46.31806°W / -20.66972; -46.31806 (Furnas Dam) 1,240 [36]
隔河岩大壩  中國 30°28′3″N 111°8′23″E / 30.46750°N 111.13972°E / 30.46750; 111.13972 (Geheyan Dam) 1,200 [41]
葛洲壩水利樞紐  中國 30°44′23″N 111°16′20″E / 30.73972°N 111.27222°E / 30.73972; 111.27222 (Gezhouba Dam) 2,715 [42]
格倫峽谷水壩英语Glen Canyon Dam  美國 36°56′14″N 111°29′04″W / 36.93722°N 111.48444°W / 36.93722; -111.48444 (Glen Canyon Dam) 1,296 [43]
公伯峽大壩英语Gongboxia Dam  中國 35°52′40″N 102°13′56″E / 35.87778°N 102.23222°E / 35.87778; 102.23222 (Gongboxia Dam) 1,500 [44]
W.A.C貝內特水壩英语W. A. C. Bennett Dam  加拿大 56°01′05″N 122°12′24″W / 56.01806°N 122.20667°W / 56.01806; -122.20667 (W.A.C. Bennett Dam) 2,876 [45]
構皮灘大壩英语Goupitan Dam  中國 27°22′31″N 107°37′59″E / 27.37528°N 107.63306°E / 27.37528; 107.63306 (Goupitan Dam) 3,000 [46]
大古力水壩  美國 47°57′24″N 118°59′00″W / 47.95667°N 118.98333°W / 47.95667; -118.98333 (Grand Coulee Dam) 6,809 [47]
Grand'Maison 水壩英语Grand'Maison Dam  法国 45°12′21″N 06°07′01″E / 45.20583°N 6.11694°E / 45.20583; 6.11694 (Grand'Maison Dam) 1,800 [48]
官地大壩英语Guandi Dam  中國 27°44′39″N 101°55′47″E / 27.74417°N 101.92972°E / 27.74417; 101.92972 (Guandi Dam) 2,400 [49]
光照水力發電廠  中國 25°57′34″N 105°15′03″E / 25.95944°N 105.25083°E / 25.95944; 105.25083 (Guangzhao Dam) 1,040 [50]
古裡水壩  委內瑞拉 07°46′00″N 63°00′00″W / 7.76667°N 63.00000°W / 7.76667; -63.00000 (Guri Dam) 10,200 [51]
華平水壩英语Hòa Bình Dam  越南 20°48′30″N 105°19′26″E / 20.80833°N 105.32389°E / 20.80833; 105.32389 (Hòa Bình Dam) 1,960 [52][53]
胡佛水壩  美國 36°00′56″N 114°44′16″W / 36.01556°N 114.73778°W / 36.01556; -114.73778 (Hoover Dam) 2,080 [47]
伊利亞索爾泰拉水壩英语Ilha Solteira Dam  巴西 20°22′58″S 51°21′44″W / 20.38278°S 51.36222°W / -20.38278; -51.36222 (Ilha Solteira Dam) 3,444 [1]
因菲耶尼約水壩英语Infiernillo Dam  墨西哥 18°16′23″N 101°53′34″W / 18.27306°N 101.89278°W / 18.27306; -101.89278 (Infiernillo Dam) 1,120 [27]
Indirasagar 水壩英语Indirasagar Dam  印度 22°17′02″N 76°28′17″E / 22.28389°N 76.47139°E / 22.28389; 76.47139 (Indirasagar Dam) 1,000 [54]
英戈水壩英语Inga II  刚果(金) 05°31′44″S 13°37′14″E / 5.52889°S 13.62056°E / -5.52889; 13.62056 (Inga-II Dam) 1,424 [55]
因古里水壩英语Inguri Dam  格鲁吉亚 42°45′36″N 42°01′48″E / 42.76000°N 42.03000°E / 42.76000; 42.03000 (Inguri Dam) 1,300 [56]
鐵門第一水力發電廠英语Iron Gate I Hydroelectric Power Station  羅馬尼亞
 塞爾維亞
44°40′15″N 22°31′45″E / 44.67083°N 22.52917°E / 44.67083; 22.52917 (Iron Gate I Hydroelectric Power Station) 2,192 [57]
ITA 水力發電廠英语Itá Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 27°16′00″S 52°19′00″W / 27.26667°S 52.31667°W / -27.26667; -52.31667 (Itá Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,450 [58][59]
伊泰普水力發電廠  巴西
 巴拉圭
25°24′31″S 54°35′21″W / 25.40861°S 54.58917°W / -25.40861; -54.58917 (Itaipu Dam) 14,000 [60]
伊通比亞拉水壩英语Itumbiara Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 18°25′00″S 49°13′00″W / 18.41667°S 49.21667°W / -18.41667; -49.21667 (Itumbiara Hydroelectric Power Plant) 2,082 [36]
讓·勒薩熱水力發電廠英语Jean-Lesage generating station  加拿大 49°19′18″N 68°20′49″W / 49.32167°N 68.34694°W / 49.32167; -68.34694 (Jean-Lesage GS) 1,145 [16]
Jirau 水力發電廠英语Jirau Power Station[note 1]  巴西 9°15′0″S 64°24′0″W / 9.25000°S 64.40000°W / -9.25000; -64.40000 (Jirau Dam) 3,750[note 2] [61][62]
積石峽大壩英语Jishixia Dam  中國 35°49′42″N 102°42′23″E / 35.82833°N 102.70639°E / 35.82833; 102.70639 (Jishixia Dam) 1,020 [63]
金安橋大壩英语Jinanqiao Dam  中國 26°48′27″N 100°26′52″E / 26.80750°N 100.44778°E / 26.80750; 100.44778 (Jinanqiao Dam) 2,400 [49]
景洪大壩英语Jinghong Dam  中國 22°3′9″N 100°45′54″E / 22.05250°N 100.76500°E / 22.05250; 100.76500 (Jinghong Dam) 1,750 [64]
錦屏一級水力發電廠  中國 28°11′07″N 101°37′42″E / 28.18528°N 101.62833°E / 28.18528; 101.62833 (Jinping-I Hydropower Station) 3,600 [65]
錦屏二級水力發電廠  中國 28°14′20″N 101°38′32″E / 28.23889°N 101.64222°E / 28.23889; 101.64222 (Jinping-II Hydropower Station) 4,800 [65]
卡拉卡雅水壩英语Karakaya Dam  土耳其 38°13′40″N 39°08′20″E / 38.22778°N 39.13889°E / 38.22778; 39.13889 (Karakaya Dam) 1,800 [66]
卡里巴水壩  尚比亞
 辛巴威
16°31′18″S 28°45′41″E / 16.52167°S 28.76139°E / -16.52167; 28.76139 (Kariba Dam) 1,319 [67]
Shahid Abbaspour 水壩  伊朗 32°07′00″N 49°37′00″E / 32.11667°N 49.61667°E / 32.11667; 49.61667 (Shahid Abbaspour Dam) 2,000 [68][69]
卡倫-3水壩  伊朗 31°48′00″N 50°05′00″E / 31.80000°N 50.08333°E / 31.80000; 50.08333 (Karun-3 Hydroelectric Dam) 2,280 [69][70][71]
卡倫-4水壩  伊朗 31°36′00″N 50°28′00″E / 31.60000°N 50.46667°E / 31.60000; 50.46667 (Karun-4 Dam) 1,020 [69]
科班水壩英语Keban Dam  土耳其 38°48′25″N 38°45′25″E / 38.80694°N 38.75694°E / 38.80694; 38.75694 (Keban Dam) 1,330 [72][73]
Koyna水力發電計劃英语Koyna Hydroelectric Project  印度 17°24′06″N 73°45′08″E / 17.40167°N 73.75222°E / 17.40167; 73.75222 (Koyna Dam) 1,960 [74]
克拉斯諾亞爾斯克水壩英语Krasnoyarsk Dam  俄羅斯 55°56′05″N 92°17′40″E / 55.93472°N 92.29444°E / 55.93472; 92.29444 (Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Dam) 6,000 [75]
Kvilldal 水力發電廠英语Kvilldal Hydroelectric Power Station  挪威 59°31′00″N 06°38′00″E / 59.51667°N 6.63333°E / 59.51667; 6.63333 (Kvilldal Dam) 1,240 [76]
拉格蘭德-2-A水力發電廠英语La Grande-2-A generating station  加拿大 53°47′09″N 77°27′07″W / 53.78583°N 77.45194°W / 53.78583; -77.45194 (LG-2-A GS) 2,106 [16]
拉格蘭德-3水力發電廠英语La Grande-3 generating station  加拿大 53°43′40″N 75°59′55″W / 53.72778°N 75.99861°W / 53.72778; -75.99861 (LG-3 GS) 2,417 [16]
拉格蘭德-4水力發電廠英语La Grande-4 generating station  加拿大 53°53′12″N 73°27′55″W / 53.88667°N 73.46528°W / 53.88667; -73.46528 (LG-4 GS) 2,779 [16]
拉西瓦大壩英语Laxiwa Dam  中國 36°04′13″N 101°11′08″E / 36.07028°N 101.18556°E / 36.07028; 101.18556 (Laxiwa Dam) 4,200 [44]
李家峽水庫  中國 36°7′7″N 101°48′29″E / 36.11861°N 101.80806°E / 36.11861; 101.80806 (Lijiaxia Dam) 2,000 [77]
劉家峽水力發電廠  中國 35°56′02″N 103°20′34″E / 35.93389°N 103.34278°E / 35.93389; 103.34278 (Liujiaxia Dam) 1,225 [37]
梨園壩英语Liyuan Dam  中國 27°39′36″N 100°17′12″E / 27.66000°N 100.28667°E / 27.66000; 100.28667 (Liyuan Dam) 2,400 [49]
龍開口大壩英语Longkaikou Dam  中國 26°31′57″N 100°24′58″E / 26.53250°N 100.41611°E / 26.53250; 100.41611 (Longkaikou Dam) 1,800 [78]
龍灘水力發電廠  中國 25°01′38″N 107°02′51″E / 25.02722°N 107.04750°E / 25.02722; 107.04750 (Longtan Dam) 6,426 [79]
龍羊峽水庫  中國 36°7′21″N 100°55′12″E / 36.12250°N 100.92000°E / 36.12250; 100.92000 (Longyangxia Dam) 1,280 [44][80]
路易斯·巴雷托水壩英语Luiz Barreto Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 20°9′11″S 47°16′46″W / 20.15306°S 47.27944°W / -20.15306; -47.27944 (Luiz Barreto Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,087 [81]
路易斯·岡薩加水壩英语Luiz Gonzaga Power Station  巴西 9°8′38″S 38°18′48″W / 9.14389°S 38.31333°W / -9.14389; -38.31333 (Luiz Gonzaga Power Station) 1,479 [82]
Macagua 水壩英语Macagua II  委內瑞拉 8°18′14″N 62°40′04″W / 8.30389°N 62.66778°W / 8.30389; -62.66778 1,592 [83]
馬沙迪紐水力發電廠英语Machadinho Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 27°34′00″S 51°40′00″W / 27.56667°S 51.66667°W / -27.56667; -51.66667 (Machadinho Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,140 [84][85]
馬爾帕索水壩英语Malpaso (Nezahualcoyotl) Dam  墨西哥 17°10′43″N 93°35′54″W / 17.17861°N 93.59833°W / 17.17861; -93.59833 (Malpaso Dam) 1,080 [27]
曼格拉水壩英语Mangla Dam  巴基斯坦 33°08′31″N 73°38′42″E / 33.14194°N 73.64500°E / 33.14194; 73.64500 (Mangla Dam) 1,000 [86][87]
丹尼爾 - 約翰遜水力發電廠英语Manic-5 Generating Station  加拿大 50°38′21″N 68°43′35″W / 50.63917°N 68.72639°W / 50.63917; -68.72639 (Manic-5) 1,596 [16]
丹尼爾 - 約翰遜5-PA水力發電廠英语Manic-5-PA Generating Station  加拿大 50°28′30″N 68°43′46″W / 50.47500°N 68.72944°W / 50.47500; -68.72944 (Manic-5-PA) 1,064 [16]
漫灣大壩英语Manwan Dam  中國 24°37′20″N 100°26′56″E / 24.62222°N 100.44889°E / 24.62222; 100.44889 (Manwan Dam) 1,750 [88]
Marimbondo 水力發電廠英语Marimbondo Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 20°18′14″S 49°11′52″W / 20.30389°S 49.19778°W / -20.30389; -49.19778 (Marimbondo Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,440 [36]
馬斯吉德蘇萊曼水壩  伊朗 32°01′40″N 49°24′01″E / 32.02778°N 49.40028°E / 32.02778; 49.40028 (Masjed Soleyman Dam) 2,000 [69][89]
麥克納里水壩英语McNary Dam  美國 45°55′47″N 119°17′46″W / 45.92972°N 119.29611°W / 45.92972; -119.29611 (McNary Dam) 1,127 [90]
麥洛維大壩  苏丹 18°40′08″N 32°03′01″E / 18.66889°N 32.05028°E / 18.66889; 32.05028 (Merowe Dam) 1,250 [91]
雲母水壩英语Mica Dam  加拿大 52°04′40″N 118°33′59″W / 52.07778°N 118.56639°W / 52.07778; -118.56639 (Mica Dam) 1,805 [92]
摩西 - 桑德斯水壩英语Moses-Saunders Power Dam  美國
 加拿大
45°00′23″N 74°47′42″W / 45.00639°N 74.79500°W / 45.00639; -74.79500 (Moses-Saunders Power Dam) 1,957 [93][94]
摩蘇爾水壩英语Mosul Dam  伊拉克 36°37′49″N 42°49′23″E / 36.63028°N 42.82306°E / 36.63028; 42.82306 (Mosul Dam) 1,052 [95]
南屯第2水壩英语Nam Theun II Dam  老挝 17°30′14″N 105°01′53″E / 17.50389°N 105.03139°E / 17.50389; 105.03139 (Nam Theun II Hydroelectric Dam) 1,070 [96]
Nathpa Jhakri 水壩英语Nathpa Jhakri Dam  印度 31°33′50″N 77°58′49″E / 31.56389°N 77.98028°E / 31.56389; 77.98028 (Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Dam) 1,530 [97]
伊布拉加水力發電廠英语Ney Braga Hydroelectric Plant  巴西 25°47′35″S 52°6′47″W / 25.79306°S 52.11306°W / -25.79306; -52.11306 (Segredo Dam) 1,280 [98]
卡姆斯克水力發電廠英语Nizhnekamsk Hydroelectric Station  俄羅斯 55°41′59″N 52°16′43″E / 55.69972°N 52.27861°E / 55.69972; 52.27861 (Nizhnekamsk Hydroelectric Station) 1,248 [99]
糯扎渡水力發電廠  中國 22°33′51″N 100°30′46″E / 22.56417°N 100.51278°E / 22.56417; 100.51278 (Nuozhadu Dam) 5,850 [49]
努列克壩  塔吉克斯坦 38°22′00″N 69°21′00″E / 38.36667°N 69.35000°E / 38.36667; 69.35000 (Nurek Dam) 3,015 [100]
Outardes 第3水力發電廠英语Outardes-3 generating station  加拿大 49°33′33″N 68°43′58″W / 49.55917°N 68.73278°W / 49.55917; -68.73278 (Outardes-3) 1,026 [16]
保羅阿方索水力發電廠英语Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Complex  巴西 9°23′49″S 38°12′08″W / 9.39694°S 38.20222°W / -9.39694; -38.20222 (Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Complex) 4,279 [101]
保特水壩英语Paute Dam  厄瓜多尔 02°35′10″S 78°33′30″W / 2.58611°S 78.55833°W / -2.58611; -78.55833 (Paute Dam) 1,075 [102]
彭水大壩英语Pengshui Dam  中國 29°12′02″N 108°11′50″E / 29.20056°N 108.19722°E / 29.20056; 108.19722 (Pengshui Dam) 1,750 [103]
彼德拉德爾阿吉拉水壩英语Piedra del Águila Dam  阿根廷 40°11′25″S 69°59′29″W / 40.19028°S 69.99139°W / -40.19028; -69.99139 (Piedra del Águila Dam) 1,400 [9]
簡·塞爾吉奧·莫塔水壩英语Porto Primavera Dam  巴西 15°34′45″S 56°05′49″W / 15.57917°S 56.09694°W / -15.57917; -56.09694 (Porto Primavera Dam) 1,540 [1]
瀑布溝水力發電廠  中國 29°12′34″N 102°50′11″E / 29.20944°N 102.83639°E / 29.20944; 102.83639 (Pubugou Dam) 3,300 [104]
勒內 - 萊韋斯克水力發電廠英语René-Lévesque generating station  加拿大 49°44′25″N 68°35′34″W / 49.74028°N 68.59278°W / 49.74028; -68.59278 (René-Lévesque GS) 1,244 [16]
雷夫爾斯托克水壩英语Revelstoke Dam  加拿大 51°02′58″N 118°11′38″W / 51.04944°N 118.19389°W / 51.04944; -118.19389 (Revelstoke Dam) 2,480 [105]
羅伯特·摩西尼亞加拉水力發電廠英语Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant  美國 43°08′35″N 79°02′23″W / 43.14306°N 79.03972°W / 43.14306; -79.03972 (Robert Moses Niagara Hydroelectric Power Station) 2,525 [106]
羅伯特 - 布拉薩水力發電廠英语Robert-Bourassa generating station  加拿大 53°47′43″N 77°26′26″W / 53.79528°N 77.44056°W / 53.79528; -77.44056 (Robert-Bourassa GS) 5,616 [16]
洛磯河段水壩英语Rocky Reach Dam  美國 47°32′00″N 120°17′40″W / 47.53333°N 120.29444°W / 47.53333; -120.29444 (Rocky Reach Dam) 1,287 [107]
佐久間水壩英语Sakuma Dam  日本 35°05′58″N 137°47′39″E / 35.09944°N 137.79417°E / 35.09944; 137.79417 (Sakuma Dam) 1,550 [108]
何塞理查水壩英语José Richa Hydroelectric Plant  巴西 25°32′36″S 53°29′48″W / 25.54333°S 53.49667°W / -25.54333; -53.49667 (Salto Caxias Dam) 1,240 [98]
薩爾托水壩英语Salto Grande Dam  阿根廷
 乌拉圭
31°15′15″S 57°55′43″W / 31.25417°S 57.92861°W / -31.25417; -57.92861 (Salto Grande Dam) 1,890 [9][109]
薩爾托奧索里奧水力發電廠英语Salto Osório Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 25°32′06″S 53°00′33″W / 25.53500°S 53.00917°W / -25.53500; -53.00917 (Salto Osório Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,078 [110]
薩爾托聖地亞哥水力發電廠英语Salto Santiago Dam  巴西 25°37′04″S 52°36′48″W / 25.61778°S 52.61333°W / -25.61778; -52.61333 (Salto Santiago Dam) 1,420 [111]
三板溪大壩英语Sanbanxi Dam  中國 26°36′21″N 109°02′57″E / 26.60583°N 109.04917°E / 26.60583; 109.04917 (Sanbanxi Dam) 1,000 [112]
Punchiná 水壩英语San Carlos Hydroelectric Power Plant  哥伦比亚 06°12′39″N 74°50′26″W / 6.21083°N 74.84056°W / 6.21083; -74.84056 (San Carlos Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,240 [113]
聖安東尼奧水壩英语Santo Antonio Dam[note 1]  巴西 8°48′6″S 63°57′3″W / 8.80167°S 63.95083°W / -8.80167; -63.95083 (Santo Antonio Dam) 3,580[note 3] [114]
薩拉托夫水力發電廠英语Saratov Hydroelectric Station  俄羅斯 52°03′11″N 47°45′18″E / 52.05306°N 47.75500°E / 52.05306; 47.75500 (Saratov Hydroelectric Station) 1,378 [115]
薩揚-舒申斯克水力發電廠  俄羅斯 52°49′31″N 91°22′15″E / 52.82528°N 91.37083°E / 52.82528; 91.37083 (Sayano–Shushenskaya Dam) 6,400 [116]
聖保羅西芒水壩英语São Simão Hydroelectric Power Plant  巴西 18°59′03″S 50°31′08″W / 18.98417°S 50.51889°W / -18.98417; -50.51889 (São Simão Hydroelectric Power Plant) 1,710 [36]
Serra da Mesa 水力發電廠英语Serra da Mesa Hydroelectric Power Station  巴西 24°58′23″S 53°28′19″W / 24.97306°S 53.47194°W / -24.97306; -53.47194 (Serra da Mesa Dam) 1,275 [117]
沙陀大壩英语Shatuo Dam  中國 28°29′53″N 108°28′31″E / 28.49806°N 108.47528°E / 28.49806; 108.47528 (Shatuo Dam) 1,120 [118]
新豊根水壩英语Shintoyone Dam  日本 35°07′33″N 137°45′38″E / 35.12583°N 137.76056°E / 35.12583; 137.76056 (Shintoyone Dam) 1,125 [119]
水布埡水力發電廠  中國 30°26′30″N 110°21′40″E / 30.44167°N 110.36111°E / 30.44167; 110.36111 (Shuibuya Dam) 1,840 [120]
水口水庫  中國 26°18′7″N 118°48′48″E / 26.30194°N 118.81333°E / 26.30194; 118.81333 (Shuikou Dam) 1,400 [121]
思林大壩英语Silin Dam  中國 27°48′08″N 108°11′10″E / 27.80222°N 108.18611°E / 27.80222; 108.18611 1,080 [122]
亞當·貝克水力發電廠英语Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Generating Stations  加拿大 43°08′51″N 79°02′42″W / 43.1475°N 79.044871°W / 43.1475; -79.044871 (Sir Adam Beck Dam) 1,997 [123]
Sobradinho 水壩英语Sobradinho Dam  巴西 09°28′00″S 40°48′30″W / 9.46667°S 40.80833°W / -9.46667; -40.80833 (Sobradinho Dam) 1,050 [124]
山羅水壩英语Sơn La Dam  越南 21°29′47″N 103°59′42″E / 21.49639°N 103.99500°E / 21.49639; 103.99500 (Sơn La Dam) 2,400 [125]
Srisailam水壩英语Srisailam Dam  印度 16°05′12″N 78°53′48″E / 16.08667°N 78.89667°E / 16.08667; 78.89667 (Srisailam Dam) 1,670 [126]
塔拉水壩英语Tala Hydroelectricity Project  印度
 不丹
26°50′26″N 89°35′12″E / 26.84056°N 89.58667°E / 26.84056; 89.58667 (Tala Power Station) 1,020 [127][128]
塔貝拉水力發電廠  巴基斯坦 34°05′23″N 72°41′54″E / 34.08972°N 72.69833°E / 34.08972; 72.69833 (Tarbela Dam) 3,478 [87][129]
特赫里水壩英语Tehri Dam[note 1]  印度 30°22′40″N 78°28′50″E / 30.37778°N 78.48056°E / 30.37778; 78.48056 (Tehri Dam) 2,400[note 4] [130]
三峽大壩  中國 30°49′15″N 111°00′08″E / 30.82083°N 111.00222°E / 30.82083; 111.00222 (Three Gorges Dam) 22,500 [131][132]
天生橋一級水力發電廠  中國 24°56′31″N 105°06′23″E / 24.94194°N 105.10639°E / 24.94194; 105.10639 (Tianshengqiao I Dam) 1,200 [133]
天生橋二級水力發電廠英语Tianshengqiao-II Hydropower Station  中國 24°57′47″N 105°09′20″E / 24.96306°N 105.15556°E / 24.96306; 105.15556 (Tianshengqiao II Dam) 2,520 [133]
亭子口大壩英语Tingzikou Dam  中國 31°49′24″N 105°52′07″E / 31.82333°N 105.86861°E / 31.82333; 105.86861 (Tingzikou Dam) 1,100 [134]
托克托古爾水壩英语Toktogul Dam  吉尔吉斯斯坦 41°48′23″N 72°52′27″W / 41.80639°N 72.87417°W / 41.80639; -72.87417 (Toktogul Dam) 1,200 [135]
土庫瑞水壩英语Tucuruí Dam  巴西 03°49′54″S 49°38′48″W / 3.83167°S 49.64667°W / -3.83167; -49.64667 (Tucurui Dam) 8,370 [136]
Upper Gotvand 水壩英语Upper Gotvand Dam  伊朗 32°12′58″N 48°56′09″E / 32.21611°N 48.93583°E / 32.21611; 48.93583 (Upper Gotvand Dam) 1,000 [69][137]
烏斯季伊利姆斯克水力發電廠英语Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Station  俄羅斯 57°58′06″N 102°41′45″E / 57.96833°N 102.69583°E / 57.96833; 102.69583 (Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Station) 3,840 [138]
伏爾加水力發電廠  俄羅斯 48°49′34″N 44°40′19″E / 48.82611°N 44.67194°E / 48.82611; 44.67194 (Volga Hydroelectric Station) 2,629 [139]
沃特金斯克水力發電廠英语VVotkinsk Hydroelectric Station  俄羅斯 56°47′13″N 54°04′44″E / 56.78694°N 54.07889°E / 56.78694; 54.07889 (Votkinsk Hydroelectric Station) 1,020 [140]
Wanapum 水壩英语Wanapum Dam  美國 46°52′31″N 119°58′16″W / 46.87528°N 119.97111°W / 46.87528; -119.97111 (Wanapum Dam) 1,038 [141]
萬家寨大壩英语Wanjiazhai Dam  中國 39°34′47″N 111°25′38″E / 39.57972°N 111.42722°E / 39.57972; 111.42722 (Wanjiazhai Dam) 1,080 [37]
烏江渡水庫  中國 27°19′10″N 106°45′39″E / 27.31944°N 106.76083°E / 27.31944; 106.76083 (Wujiangdu Dam) 1,130 [142]
五強溪大壩英语Wuqiangxi Dam  中國 28°46′33″N 110°55′39″E / 28.77583°N 110.92750°E / 28.77583; 110.92750 (Wuqiangxi Dam) 1,200 [143]
向家壩水力發電廠  中國 28°38′57″N 104°22′14″E / 28.64917°N 104.37056°E / 28.64917; 104.37056 (Xiangjiaba Dam) 6,448 [144][145]
小浪底水利樞紐  中國 34°40′13″N 112°25′33″E / 34.67028°N 112.42583°E / 34.67028; 112.42583 (Xiaolangdi Dam) 1,836 [146]
小灣水庫  中國 24°42′19″N 100°05′32″E / 24.70528°N 100.09222°E / 24.70528; 100.09222 (Xiaowan Dam) 4,200 [147]
溪洛渡水電站  中國 28°15′52″N 103°38′47″E / 28.26444°N 103.64639°E / 28.26444; 103.64639 (Xiluodu Dam) 13,860 [148][149]
Xingó 水力發電廠英语Xingó Hydroelectrical Power Plant  巴西 9°37′14″S 37°47′34″W / 9.62056°S 37.79278°W / -9.62056; -37.79278 (Xingó Hydroelectrical Power Plant) 3,162 [150]
Yacyretá 水壩英语Yacyretá Dam  阿根廷
 巴拉圭
27°28′58″S 56°43′30″W / 27.48278°S 56.72500°W / -27.48278; -56.72500 (Yacyreta Dam) 3,100 [9]
岩灘水力發電廠  中國 24°02′26″N 107°30′45″E / 24.04056°N 107.51250°E / 24.04056; 107.51250 (Yantan Dam) 1,212 [151]
結雅水庫  俄羅斯 53°48′00″N 127°23′00″E / 53.80000°N 127.38333°E / 53.80000; 127.38333 (Zeya Hydroelectric Station) 1,330 [23][152]
Zhiguli 水力發電廠英语Zhiguli Hydroelectric Station  俄羅斯 53°26′42″N 49°29′24″E / 53.44500°N 49.49000°E / 53.44500; 49.49000 (Zhiguli Hydroelectric Station) 2,383 [153]

興建中[编辑]

發電廠名稱 所在國家 所在地區 裝置容量 (MW 預計完工日期 註釋
白鶴灘水力發電廠  中國 28°15′06″N 103°39′34″E / 28.25167°N 103.65944°E / 28.25167; 103.65944 (Baihetan Dam) 13,050 2019 [154]
巴赫蒂亞里水壩英语Bakhtiari Dam  伊朗 32°57′24″N 48°45′35″E / 32.95667°N 48.75972°E / 32.95667; 48.75972 (Bakhtiari Dam) 1,500 2016 [155]
貝盧蒙蒂水壩英语Belo Monte Dam  巴西 03°17′0″S 52°12′00″W / 3.28333°S 52.20000°W / -3.28333; -52.20000 (Belo Monte Dam) 11,233 2019 [156]
長河壩大壩英语Changheba Dam  中國 30°15′43″N 102°11′43″E / 30.26194°N 102.19528°E / 30.26194; 102.19528 (Changheba Dam) 2,600 2016 [49]
大崗山水力發電廠  中國 29°26′57″N 102°13′02″E / 29.44917°N 102.21722°E / 29.44917; 102.21722 (Dagangshan Dam) 2,600 2016 [157]
達蘇水壩英语Dasu Dam  巴基斯坦 35°19′03″N 73°11′36″E / 35.31750°N 73.19333°E / 35.31750; 73.19333 (Dasu Dam) 4,320 2019 [158]
狄阿莫 - 巴沙水壩英语Diamer-Bhasha Dam  巴基斯坦 35°32′31″N 73°36′26″E / 35.54194°N 73.60722°E / 35.54194; 73.60722 (Diamer-Bhasha Dam) 4,500 2020 [159]
Gibe 第3水壩英语Gibe III Dam  衣索比亞 06°50′50″N 37°18′05″E / 6.84722°N 37.30139°E / 6.84722; 37.30139 (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam) 1,870 2015 [160]
衣索比亞復興大壩  衣索比亞 11°12′51″N 35°5′35″E / 11.21417°N 35.09306°E / 11.21417; 35.09306 (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam) 6,000 2017 [160]
觀音岩水力發電廠  中國 26°31′17″N 101°26′16″E / 26.52139°N 101.43778°E / 26.52139; 101.43778 (Guanyinyan Dam) 3,000 2016 [49]
猴子岩水力發電廠英语Houziyan Dam  中國 30°32′46″N 102°03′29″E / 30.54611°N 102.05806°E / 30.54611; 102.05806 (Houziyan Dam) 1,700 2015 [161]
黄登水力發電廠  中國 26°33′21.65″N 99°06′40.55″E / 26.5560139°N 99.1112639°E / 26.5560139; 99.1112639 (Huangteng Dam) 1,900 2016 [162]
伊圖安戈水壩英语Ituango Dam  哥伦比亚 07°08′04″N 75°39′43″W / 7.13444°N 75.66194°W / 7.13444; -75.66194 (Ituango Dam) 2,456 2018 [163]
伊利蘇水壩英语Ilisu Dam  土耳其 37°34′00″N 41°54′00″E / 37.56667°N 41.90000°E / 37.56667; 41.90000 (Ilisu Dam) 1,200 2015 [164]
萊洲壩英语Lai Châu Dam  越南 22°08′22″N 102°59′07″E / 22.13944°N 102.98528°E / 22.13944; 102.98528 (Lai Châu Dam) 1,200 2017 [165]
兩河口水力發電廠  中國 30°09′46″N 101°00′49″E / 30.16278°N 101.01361°E / 30.16278; 101.01361 (Lianghekou Dam) 3,000 2015 [166]
魯地拉大壩英语Ludila Dam  中國 26°12′01″N 100°48′54″E / 26.20028°N 100.81500°E / 26.20028; 100.81500 (Ludila Dam) 2,160 2015 [49]
瑪爾擋水力發電廠英语Maerdang Dam  中國 34°40′21″N 100°41′32″E / 34.67250°N 100.69222°E / 34.67250; 100.69222 (Maerdang Dam) 2,200 2016 [167]
苗圩大壩英语Miaowei Dam  中國 25°51′15.66″N 99°9′40.78″E / 25.8543500°N 99.1613278°E / 25.8543500; 99.1613278 (Miaowei Dam) 1,400 2016 [168]
雙江口大壩英语Shuangjiangkou Dam  中國 31°44′48″N 102°00′04″E / 31.74667°N 102.00111°E / 31.74667; 102.00111 (Shuangjiangkou Dam) 2,000 2018 [49]
下蘇班西里縣水壩英语Subansiri Lower Dam  印度 27°33′13″N 94°15′31″E / 27.55361°N 94.25861°E / 27.55361; 94.25861 (Subansiri Lower Dam) 2,000 2016 [169]
特利斯皮里斯河水壩英语Teles Pires Dam  巴西 09°20′26″S 56°46′37″W / 9.34056°S 56.77694°W / -9.34056; -56.77694 (Teles Pires Dam) 1,820 2015 [170]
Tocoma 水壩英语Tocoma Dam  委內瑞拉 07°54′25″N 63°01′35″W / 7.90694°N 63.02639°W / 7.90694; -63.02639 (Tocoma Dam) 2,160 2014(?) [171]
烏東德水力發電廠  中國 26°20′02″N 102°37′48″E / 26.33389°N 102.63000°E / 26.33389; 102.63000 (Wudongde Dam) 8,700 2020 [172]
Xayaburi 水壩  老挝 19°15′14″N 101°48′49″E / 19.25389°N 101.81361°E / 19.25389; 101.81361 (Boguchany Hydroelectric Power Station) 1,285 2019 [173]
陽曲大壩英语Yangqu Dam  中國 35°42′4″N 100°16′8″E / 35.70111°N 100.26889°E / 35.70111; 100.26889 (Yangqu Dam) 1,200 2015 [174]

註記[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 發電廠興建中
  2. ^ 裝置容量為 1,800 MW
  3. ^ 裝置容量為 2,291 MW
  4. ^ 裝置容量為 1,400 MW

參見[编辑]

資料來源[编辑]

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