校园性侵

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校園性侵(Campus sexual assault)是學生在學院大學時所遭到的性侵犯(包括强奸[1]。其受侵犯者多半是女性,不過任何性別都可能是性侵的對象。校園性侵的比例依照不同的定義以及研究方法而有不同,大約是每年一千名學生中,約有6.1位會受到性侵[2],而有19–27%的大學女性及6–8%的大學女性在大學中曾遭到性侵[3][4][5]。有關同年齡學生和非學生的性侵風險比較,目前沒有相關證據[6][7]

有許多人認為學校在面對受到性侵的女性時,對這些女性的支持不力。美國教育部因應這些指控,寫了一封信《親愛的同事》給各大學,建議學術機構用各種方式來減少校園性侵的人數[8]。有些法律專家擔心這可能會增加被指控者受到霸凌的風險[9]。在學校的規定改變之後,已有男性指出訴訟,指控校方有偏見,並且影響他們的權利[10]

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Sexual Assault | OVW | Department of Justice. www.justice.gov. 2014-07-23 [2017-03-24] (英语). 
  2. ^ Sinozich, Sofi; Langton, Lynn. Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995–2013. U.S. Department of Justice. [2015-01-15]. 
  3. ^ The Campus Sexual Assault Survey (PDF). National Institute of Justice. [2015-01-01]. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Nick. Survey: More than 1 in 5 female undergrads at top schools suffer sexual attacks. Washington Post. 2015-09-21 [2015-09-22]. 
  5. ^ Report on the AAU Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconduct (PDF): 82. 2015-09-21 [2015-11-27]. 
  6. ^ Baum, Katrina. Violent Victimization of College Students. US Department of Justice. [2015-01-26]. 
  7. ^ Muehlenhard, Charlene L.; Peterson, Zoe D.; Humphreys, Terry P.; Jozkowski, Kristen N. Evaluating the One-in-Five Statistic: Women’s Risk of Sexual Assault While in College. The Journal of Sex Research. 2017-05-16, 54 (4) [2019-08-13]. doi:10.1080/00224499.2017.1295014. 
  8. ^ Dear Colleague Letter. United States Department of Education. 2011-04-04. 
  9. ^ "Rethink Harvard's sexual harassment policy", The Boston Globe2014=10-14.
  10. ^ Schow, Ashe, "Backlash: College men challenge 'guilty until proven innocent' standard for sex assault cases", Washington Examiner, 2014-08-11 | Other Sources:

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Bain, Kristen. Rape culture on Campus. off our backs. 2002-10, 32 (9–10): 26–27. JSTOR 20837660. 
  • Armstrong, Elizabeth A.; Hamilton, Laura; Sweeney, Brian. Sexual assault on campus: a multilevel, integrative approach to party rape. Social Problems. 2006-11, 53 (4): 483–499. JSTOR 10.1525/sp.2006.53.4.483. doi:10.1525/sp.2006.53.4.483. 
  • Gibbard Cook, Sarah. Sarah Fernandez (interviewee) Mark Houlemarde (interviewee). How to progress from a rape-supportive culture. Women in Higher Education. 2012-07, 21 (7): 19–20. doi:10.1002/whe.10348. 
  • Giraldi, Ashley; Monk-Turner, Elizabeth. Perception of rape culture on a college campus: A look at social media posts. Women's Studies International Forum. 2017-05, 62: 116–124. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2017.05.001.