胃繞道手術

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胃繞道手術
Gastric bypass icon.svg
ICD-9-CM44.31-44.39
MeSHD015390
MedlinePlus007199

胃繞道手術是一种手術,此類手術將切割成一大一小的胃,然后用小肠將兩個胃連接起來。只有小胃可以消化食物,這樣可以減少食慾以達到控制體重的目的[1]

胃繞道手術可用於治疗肥胖症身高體重指數指数大于40)、2型糖尿病高血压睡眠呼吸暂停和其他共病症[2][3]与所有手术一样,接受胃繞道手術的病人可能会出现并发症。2005年至2006年的一项研究显示,15%的病人因接受胃绕道手术而出现并发症,0.5%的病人在手术后六个月内因并发症而死亡。[4]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 胃繞道手術. [2021-04-29]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-01). 
  2. ^ Adams TD, Gress RE, Smith SC, Halverson RC, Simper SC, Rosamond WD, et al. Long-term mortality after gastric bypass surgery. The New England Journal of Medicine (Journal Article) (Massachusetts Medical Society英语Massachusetts Medical Society). August 2007, 357 (8): 753–61 (23 August 2007). LCCN 20020456. OCLC 231027780. PMID 17715409. S2CID 8710295. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa066603. eISSN 1533-4406. During a mean follow-up of 7.1 years, adjusted long-term mortality from any cause in the surgery group decreased by 40%, as compared with that in the control group (37.6 vs. 57.1 deaths per 10,000 person-years, P<0.001); cause-specific mortality in the surgery group decreased by 56% for coronary artery disease (2.6 vs. 5.9 per 10,000 person-years, P=0.006), by 92% for diabetes (0.4 vs. 3.4 per 10,000 person-years, P=0.005), and by 60% for cancer (5.5 vs. 13.3 per 10,000 person-years, P<0.001). 
  3. ^ Sjöström L, Narbro K, Sjöström CD, Karason K, Larsson B, Wedel H, et al. Effects of bariatric surgery on mortality in Swedish obese subjects. The New England Journal of Medicine (Journal Article) (Massachusetts Medical Society英语Massachusetts Medical Society). August 2007, 357 (8): 741–52 (23 August 2007). LCCN 20020456. OCLC 231027780. PMID 17715408. S2CID 20533869. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa066254. eISSN 1533-4406. Bariatric surgery for severe obesity is associated with long-term weight loss and decreased overall mortality. 
  4. ^ Complications and Costs for Obesity Surgery Declining (Press release). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality英语Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 29 April 2009 [24 August 2011]. (原始内容存档于18 August 2011) (英语). The study, "Recent Improvements in Bariatric Surgery Outcomes," to be published in the May 2009 Medical Care, found that the complication rate among patients initially hospitalized for bariatric surgery dropped from approximately 24 percent to roughly 15 percent. 

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