西莫尼德斯

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西莫尼德斯英语Simonides of Ceos),(前556年-前468年)。[1][2]古希腊科奥斯抒情诗人之一,他是诗人巴库利德斯的叔父。作为诗人,他的创作遍及希腊:他曾在雅典希帕尔库斯的宫廷,在色萨利公元前514年),在雅典(公元前490年),在叙拉古希埃隆一世的宫廷(公元前476年直至去世)。[3][4]他创作有赞美诗警句诗挽歌等,但以挽歌和哀悼死者的警句诗著称(几乎均为墓碑以及墓志铭等)。他为在马拉松战役中死去的雅典人题写的墓志铭,较为埃斯库罗斯更出名。他曾在酒歌比赛中56次获胜。他的诗歌现已大部分失传。[5][6]

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Lesley Adkins,Roy A.Adkins(1998). Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece.Oxford University Press,USA.ISBN: 9780195124910.
  2. ^ John H. Molyneux, Simonides: A Historical Study, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers (1992), page 3
  3. ^ David A. Campbell, Greek Lyric Poetry, Bristol Classical Press (1982), pages 380-81
  4. ^ Charles Segal, Choral lyric in the fifth century, 'The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: Greek Literature' (1985), P.Easterling and B.Knox (eds), pages 223, 226
  5. ^ Langslow 1988:languages and dialects
  6. ^ Joint Association of Classical Teachers 1978a and b: Learning Greek

扩展阅读[编辑]

  • J. Molyneux, Simonides: A Historical Study (Wauconda, IL, 1992).
  • Deborah Boedeker and David Sider (eds.), The New Simonides: Contexts of Praise and Desire (New York and Oxford: OUP-USA, 2001).
  • J. Molyneux, Simonides: A Historical Study (Wauconda, IL, 1992).
  • Deborah Boedeker and David Sider (eds.), The New Simonides: Contexts of Praise and Desire (New York and Oxford: OUP-USA, 2001).
  • O. Poltera, Le langage de Simonide. Etude sure la tradition poetique et son renouvellement (Bern, Peter Lang, 1997).
  • Luigi Bravi, Gli epigrammi di Simonide e le vie della tradizione. (Filologia e critica, 94) (Roma: Edizioni dell'Ateneo, 2006).
  • Andrej Petrovic英语Andrej Petrovic, Kommentar zu den simonideischen Versinschriften. (Mnemosyne, bibliotheca classica Batava. Supplementum, 282) (Leiden: Brill, 2007).

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