Talk:自我管理

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心理学专题 (获评初級、中重要度)
Psi2.svg 本條目属于心理学专题范畴,该专题旨在改善中文维基百科心理学类内容。如果您有意参与,请浏览专题主页、参与讨论,并完成相应的开放性任务。
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哲学专题 (获评初級、中重要度)
Socrates.png 本條目属于哲学专题范畴,该专题旨在改善中文维基百科哲学领域类内容。如果您有意参与,请浏览专题主页、参与讨论,并完成相应的开放性任务。
 初级条目  根据专题质量评级标准,本條目已评为初级
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此評級可能僅依據专题质量标准所標示,歡迎提出修改、共識討論及重評。

Task distribution. =)[编辑]

我正在翻譯概論(overview)的部分。 =) --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月6日 (一) 08:29 (UTC)

以行動支持中文維基百科的醫學條目及ADHD關聯發展!=)[编辑]

To inspire a generation! =) --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月6日 (一) 08:45 (UTC)

屬於維基百科生物學和健康科學主題類的基礎條目擴展? =)[编辑]

@Wolfch:請問該怎麼知道本條目是否為維基百科生物學和健康科學主題類的基礎條目擴展呢?謝謝!=) --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月6日 (一) 14:26 (UTC)

可以到Wikipedia:基礎條目/擴展#生物學和健康科學看一下是否有自我管理或self-control,若沒有,這篇就不是基礎條目擴展的生物學和健康科學條目,基礎條目擴展是維基百科較基本的一萬個條目,對應英文維基的Level 4 Vital articles,或是元維基上的基礎條目擴展meta:List of articles every Wikipedia should have/Expanded(不好意思,這個的定義有點混亂),謝謝。--Wolfch (留言) 圓周率協作中 2017年3月6日 (一) 20:34 (UTC)
另外,依照en:Talk:Self-control的分類,這篇比較接近心理學或是哲學(?)的條目--Wolfch (留言) 圓周率協作中 2017年3月6日 (一) 20:39 (UTC)
Regardless of the group it belongs to, it's fine for me! ^_^ And Thank you so much for letting me know how to figure out the property of an article!! I appreciate it! ^_^ --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月7日 (二) 01:21 (UTC)

Backup for Talk page of "自我控制"[编辑]

因為不確定重定向後,系統是否會融合兩邊的Talk page 還是會直接覆蓋。=) --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月7日 (二) 01:21 (UTC)

Article Integration Proposal. :D[编辑]

I see the potential to integrate this article into 自我管理。 :D --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月6日 (一) 14:39 (UTC) @Wolfch::能否請您協助將自我控制重定向至自我管理呢?兩者是一樣的條目。我原先想說直接覆蓋這個頁面,後來考慮到此舉可能引起原作者的反彈,遂改至此提議。=) --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月6日 (一) 14:39 (UTC)

備份原條目內容[编辑]

自我控制是抑制控制的一個面向,是個體面對誘惑和衝動時調節自己情緒、思想和行為的能力[1][2] 自我控制在大腦執行功能中是調節個體行為以達成特定目標的必要認知過程。[3]

在心理學中有關的概念為情緒自我調節。[4] 自我控制就像肌肉一樣。研究已證明無論情緒或行為的自我調節皆是類似能量運作的有限資源。[5] 簡而言之,過度使用自我控制將會導致耗竭。 然而長期而言,自我控制的反覆使用能隨著時間的過去而強化和提升。[6]

謝謝@Liusky:的奉獻! =) --It's gonna be awesome!#Talk♬ 2017年3月7日 (二) 01:46 (UTC)

條目先保留已完整翻譯的部份[编辑]

條目先保留已完整翻譯的部份, 因此未翻譯的部份會先移到Draft:自我管理--Wolfch (留言) 圓周率協作中 2017年5月19日 (五) 11:30 (UTC)

  1. ^ Matt DeLisi. Chapter 10: Low Self-Control Is a Brain-Based Disorder. SAGE Publications Ltd. [4 May 2014].  |author=|last=只需其一 (帮助)|author=|last=只需其一
  2. ^ Diamond A. Executive functions. Annu Rev Psychol. 2013, 64: 135–168. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143750. PMC 4084861. PMID 23020641. Core EFs are inhibition [response inhibition (self-control—resisting temptations and resisting acting impulsively) and interference control (selective attention and cognitive inhibition)], working memory, and cognitive flexibility (including creatively thinking “outside the box,” seeing anything from different perspectives, and quickly and flexibly adapting to changed circumstances). ... Self-control is the aspect of inhibitory control that involves control over one’s behavior and control over one’s emotions in the service of controlling one’s behavior. Self-control is about resisting temptations and not acting impulsively. The temptation resisted might be to indulge in pleasures when one should not (e.g., to indulge in a romantic fling if you are married or to eat sweets if you are trying to lose weight), to overindulge, or to stray from the straight and narrow (e.g., to cheat or steal). Or the temptation might be to impulsively react (e.g., reflexively striking back at someone who has hurt your feelings) or to do or take what you want without regard for social norms (e.g., butting in line or grabbing another child’s toy).
    Another aspect of self-control is having the discipline to stay on task despite distractions and completing a task despite temptations to give up, to move on to more interesting work, or to have a good time instead. This involves making yourself do something or keep at something though you would rather be doing something else. It is related to the final aspect of self-control—delaying gratification (Mischel et al. 1989)—making yourself forgo an immediate pleasure for a greater reward later (often termed delay discounting by neuroscientists and learning theorists; Louie & Glimcher 2010, Rachlin et al. 1991). Without the discipline to complete what one started and delay gratification, no one would ever complete a long, time-consuming task such as writing a dissertation, running a marathon, or starting a new business.
      |author=|last=只需其一 (帮助)|author=|last=只需其一 (帮助)
  3. ^ Timpano, K. R.; Schmidt, N. B. The relationship between self control deficits and hoarding: A multimethod investigation across three samples. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2013, 122 (1): 13–25. doi:10.1037/a0029760. Self-control is the capacity to exert control over one's behavior and is necessary for directing personal behavior toward achieving goals. 
  4. ^ Burman, J. T.; Green, C. D.; Shanker, S. On the Meanings of Self-Regulation: Digital Humanities in Service of Conceptual Clarity. Child Development. 2015, 86 (5): 1507–1521. doi:10.1111/cdev.12395. The resulting analyses show how similar ideas are interrelated: self-control, self-management, self-observation, learning, social behavior, and the personality constructs related to self-monitoring. 
  5. ^ DeWall, C. Nathan; Baumeister, Roy F.; Stillman, Tyler F.; Gailliot, Matthew T. Violence restrained: Effects of self-regulation and its depletion on aggression. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2007-01-01, 43 (1): 62–76. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.005. 
  6. ^ Longitudinal Improvement of Self-Regulation Through Practice: Building Self-Control Strength Through Repeated Exercise.