- 参见英文维基百科爱斯基摩人条目的“Yupik”章节标题下的“Alutiiq”子标题第一行（They are not to be confused with the Aleut）和该条目第一段内容第三行（Two main groups have historically been referred to as Eskimos by outsiders: the Yupik and Inuit, especially the Iñupiat of Alaska. A third group, the Aleut, is related.）。
- The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition
- Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Department of Justice Canada.