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宏观与微观

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罗伯特·弗拉德英语Robert Fludd(Robert Fludd)把人视为宏观宇宙中缩影的插图。弗拉德陈述说“人乃其自己的整体世界,所谓的微观世界显示了宇宙所有部分的微型模式。因此头部是与最高天有关,而胸部是对应着飘渺的天空以及腹部对应基本的实体。(Man is a whole world of its own, called microcosm for it displays a miniature pattern of all the parts of the universe. Thus the head is related to the Empyreal, the chest to the ethereal heaven and the belly to the elementary substance.)”[1]
“藉观其下,吾知其上。(By looking down, I see up.)”,出自于第谷·布拉赫(Tycho Brahe)的《新天文学仪器》(Astronomiæ instauratæ Mechanica)书中一对插图的其中之一,描绘了他对宏观与微观世界之间的联系的理解。[来源请求]
“藉观其上,吾知其下。(By looking up, I see down.)”

宏观与微观(Macrocosm and microcosm,或译为大宇宙与小宇宙)是指宇宙的视野,其中局部(微观)能够反映出整体(宏观)而且反之亦然。根据学者皮尔·A·李法德英语Pierre A. Riffard(Pierre A. Riffard)所述,它是一个“在所有奥秘思想学派中出现(present in all esoteric schools of thinking)”的特征。[2]它与赫耳墨斯主义(Hermeticism)密切相关并且基于诸如占星术炼金术,以及神圣几何英语sacred geometry(Sacred geometry)其前提是“如其在上,如其在下(As Above, So Below)”的实践。[3]

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ Robert Fludd英语Robert Fludd in Utriusque Cosmic Historia, II; quoted by Pierre A. Riffard英语Pierre A. Riffard in Dictionnaire de l’ésotérisme, Paris: Payot, 1983, 34.
  2. ^ Pierre A. Riffard英语Pierre A. Riffard, Dictionnaire de l’ésotérisme, Paris: Payot, 1983, 34.
  3. ^ Antoine Faivre英语Antoine Faivre, Access to Western esotericism, State University of New York Press, 1994, 10-11.
  1. Republic, Plato, trans. By B. Jowett M.A., Vintage Books, NY. § 435, pg 151

相关条目[编辑]

参考书目[编辑]

  • Theories of Macrocosms and Microcosms in the History of Philosophy, G. P. Conger, NY, 1922, which includes a survey of critical discussions up to 1922.

外部链接[编辑]