美麗的費隆妮葉夫人

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La belle ferronnière
藝術家 列奧納多·達·芬奇
年代 1490-1496
類型 板面油畫
大小 63 cm × 45 cm(25英寸 × 18英寸)
位置 巴黎盧浮宮[1]

美麗的費隆妮葉夫人》(La belle ferronnière)是達芬奇的一幅肖像畫,現藏於盧浮宮。此畫有時也被稱作《無名女士的肖像》。盧浮宮方面認為這幅畫是達芬奇在米蘭求學時所做的作品。[2]

主人公[编辑]

根據畫作17世紀時的標題“La belle ferronnière”顯示,所繪者可能是一名鐵匠(即ferronnière)的女兒或妻子。達芬奇的《抱銀鼠的女子》有時也用《美麗的費隆妮葉夫人》為標題。不過實際上此畫的主人公究竟是誰並沒有公論。她一度被認為是切奇利婭·加萊拉尼[3] 但有學者認為這位女子應該是盧多維科·斯福爾扎之妻貝亞特麗斯·德斯特[4] 也有人認為這是斯福爾扎的情婦盧克雷齊婭·克里韋利[5]

此外,伯納德·貝倫松認為其應是貝爾納迪諾·德·康蒂(Bernardino de' Conti)。[6] 喬瓦尼·安東尼·博塔費奧則認為應是赫伯特·庫克(Herbert Cook)。[7]

贗品[编辑]

坎薩斯城藝術學院的一個版本曾被認為是真品,[8] 但後來被鑑定為偽作。所有者Andrée Lardoux Hahn女士因此將許多知名鑑定人以誹謗罪告上法庭。[9][10] 這場官司耗費了六萬美元但沒有得到顯著成效。[11][12] 2010年1月28日以“可能在1750年以前由列奧納多的追隨者所繪”為名以150萬美元的價格被人拍走,買主是身份未知的美國收藏家。[13]

此外還有一幅十九世紀的複製品藏於尚貝里的藝術館中。[14]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 德尼·克伊朗. 《羅浮宮參觀指南》. 黎絲藝術出版社. 1997. ISBN 2854950992. 
  2. ^ A. Brejon de Lavergnée and D. Thiébaut,Catalogue sommaire illustré des peintures du musée du Louvre (1981:193).
  3. ^ Luke Syson and Larry Keith, Leonado Da Vinci: Painter at the Court of Milan, Exhibition Catalogue (National Gallery, London, 2011)
  4. ^ Luke Syson and Larry Keith, Leonado Da Vinci: Painter at the Court of Milan, Exhibition Catalogue, National Gallery (London, 2011)
  5. ^ "Controversial painting 'La Belle Ferronniere', once thought to be a da Vinci, sells for $1.5M" . New York Daily News. Reuters. January 29, 2010.
  6. ^ Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central Italian and North Italian Schools (1968:48).
  7. ^ Herbert Cook, "Some Notes on the Early Milanese Painters Butinone and Zenale. Part III (Conclusion)-Zenale as a Portrait Painter" The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 5 No. 14 (May 1904:199-2090 p. 201f.
  8. ^ Its earliest secure appearance was its purchase in 1847 by Antoine Vincent, from the collection of the comte de Betz, as from General Louis Tourton. (Brewer).
  9. ^ "The most sensational art trial of the early twentieth century", according to John Brewer, "Art and Science: A Da Vinci Detective Story", Engineering and Science, No. 1/2 (2005); Brewer's The American Leonardo: A Tale of Obsession, Art and Money (New York: Oxford UP, 2009) is the definitive account of the Hahns' unsuccessful marketing of their painting.
  10. ^ Bernard Berenson, Roger Fry, and the directors of the National Gallery, the Rijksmuseum, and others (Brewer).
  11. ^ "Duveen on Da Vinci". Time.com. 1929-02-18 [2013-07-22]. 
  12. ^ [ Displaying Abstract ]. "$500,000 suit hangs on da Vinci fingers: impressions on canvas said to prove master painted picture denounced by Duveen", ''The New York Times'', 5 November 1921. New York Times. 2012-06-10 [2013-07-22]. 
  13. ^ "Mona Lisa She Is Not, but Coveted Nonetheless"
  14. ^ "La belle Ferronière d'après Léonard de Vinci". Culture.gouv.fr. [2013-07-17]. 

外部鏈接[编辑]