奇茲爾巴什

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一名奇茲爾巴什

奇茲爾巴什突厥語紅頭,是指信仰伊斯蘭教什葉派土庫曼人民兵。他們是薩非王朝三大支柱之一。

歷史[编辑]

他們絕大多数是來自小亞细亞東部及敘利亞的土庫曼人,是薩法維耶教團的追隨者。1502年伊斯梅爾一世打敗白羊王朝後他們成為半官方軍隊。

但因他們是牧民不時侵害城市居民,阿拔斯一世進行軍事改革後他們退居次要位置。

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • Yves Bomati and Houchang Nahavandi,Shah Abbas, Emperor of Persia,1587–1629, 2017, ed. Ketab Corporation, Los Angeles, ISBN 978-1595845672, English translation by Azizeh Azodi.
  • Aslanian, Sebouh. From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa. California: University of California Press. 2011. ISBN 978-0520947573. 
  • Blow, David. Shah Abbas: The Ruthless King Who Became an Iranian Legend. I.B.Tauris. 2009. ISBN 978-0857716767. 
  • Bournoutian, George. A Concise History of the Armenian People: (from Ancient Times to the Present) 2. Mazda Publishers. 2002: 208. ISBN 978-1568591414. 
  • Floor, Willem; Herzig, Edmund. Iran and the World in the Safavid Age. I.B.Tauris. 2012. ISBN 978-1850439301. 
  • Mikaberidze, Alexander. Historical Dictionary of Georgia 2. Rowman & Littlefield. 2015. ISBN 978-1442241466. 
  • Rothman, E. Nathalie. Brokering Empire: Trans-Imperial Subjects between Venice and Istanbul. Cornell University Press. 2015. ISBN 978-0801463129. 

参见[编辑]