小鸮属

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小鸮属
化石时期:中新世晚期英语Late Miocene至今
Athene noctua.jpg
縱紋腹小鴞 Athene noctua
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 鸟纲 Aves
目: 鴞形目 Strigiformes
科: 鴟鴞科 Strigidae
属: 小鴞屬 Athene
F. Boie英语Friedrich Boie, 1822

見下文

異名

Heteroglaux
Speotyto
Spheotyto (lapsus)

小鸮属Athene)為鴟鴞科下的一 ,現生有4種物种。本屬物種體型較小、喙部棕色或白色,眼睛黃色,眉白色。成員物種廣布於各大洲,除澳洲南极洲漠南非洲之外。

該屬學名「Athene」命名自希臘女神雅典娜(Athena),蓋因該屬的縱紋腹小鴞的形象常出現於雅典娜身邊[1]

現生物種[编辑]

滅絕物種[编辑]

A number of mainly island representatives of this genus are only known from fossil or subfossil remains:

  • Athene megalopeza (fossil; Rexroad Late Pliocene of WC USA) - sometimes placed in Speotyto
  • Athene veta (fossil; Early Pleistocene of Rebielice, Poland)
  • Athene angelis (fossil; Middle - Late Pleistocene of Castiglione, Corsica)
  • Athene trinacriae (Pleistocene)
  • Athene cf. cunicularia (fossil; Pleistocene of Barbuda, West Indies)
  • Athene cf. cunicularia (fossil; Pleistocene of Cayman Islands, West Indies)
  • Athene cf. cunicularia (fossil; Pleistocene of Jamaica, West Indies)
  • Athene cf. cunicularia (fossil; Pleistocene of Mona Island, West Indies)
  • Athene cf. cunicularia (fossil; Pleistocene of Puerto Rico, West Indies)
  • 克里特小鸮 Athene cretensis (prehistoric英语Late Quaternary prehistoric birds; Crete, Mediterranean)

The Cretan owl was a flightless or near-flightless form that was more than 50 cm (almost 2 ft) tall. It went extinct soon after the island of Crete became inhabited by humans.

Late Miocene英语Late Miocene (about 11 mya) fossil remains from Rudabánya (NE Hungary) have been tentatively assigned to this genus.[2] Considering the known fossil range of Athene and the misassignments of many Miocene strigids from Europe, it may be a basal member of the present genus or not belong here. The supposed species "Athene" murivora is the name given to subfossil bones of male Rodrigues owl英语Rodrigues owls.

    • Antiguan burrowing owl, Athene cunicularia amaura - extinct (c.1905)
    • Guadeloupe burrowing owl, Athene cunicularia guadeloupensis - extinct (c.1890)

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Jobling, James A. The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. 2010: 58, 274. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  2. ^ Bernor, R.L.; Kordos, L. & Rook, L. (eds): "Recent Advances on Multidisciplinary Research at Rudabánya, Late Miocene (MN9), Hungary: A compendium. 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2007-06-28." Paleontographica Italiana 89: 3-36.