尼泊尔立法议会

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尼泊尔立法议会
व्यवस्थापिका संसद
尼泊尔立法议会
Coat of arms or logo
制度
制度 一院制
領導
議長 昂薩麗·嘎爾迪·馬加爾英语Onsari Gharti Magar尼泊尔共产党(毛主义中心)
自2015年10月16日
結構
議員 601
2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly.svg
政黨
選舉
上次選舉 2013年尼泊爾制憲會議選舉
網址
http://www.can.gov.np/

尼泊尔立法议会尼泊尔语:व्यवस्थापिका संसद)是尼泊尔一院制議會[1],前身是尼泊尔制宪会议[2]

召開[编辑]

尼泊爾首相蘇里亞·巴哈杜爾·塔帕英语Surya Bahadur Thapa是會議中最老的議員,在2014年1月20日成為會議議長[3],主持了2014年1月21日主持了565名議員的宣誓,以及第一次會議[4]尼泊爾大會黨尼泊爾共產黨(聯合馬列)以及尼泊爾聯合共產黨(毛主義)的領導人承諾在一年內草議新憲法[5],會議中多於八成議員都是新面孔[6]

分權討論[编辑]

2014年1月26日,總統拉姆·巴蘭·亞達夫呼籲在一星期內舉行選舉,以及依照憲法第38(1)條[7]組成政府[8]尼泊爾大會黨取得尼泊爾共產黨(聯合馬列)的支持,籌組由大會黨領導的政府[9],兩黨同意在半年內舉行地方選舉,以及在一年內採用新憲法[10]。其後舉行多黨會議,期間尼泊爾共產黨(聯合馬列)、尼泊爾聯合共產黨(毛主義)和馬德西人民權利大會(民主)表示支持成立蘇希爾·柯伊拉臘領導的政府,但尼泊尔民族民主党英语Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal杯葛該會議[11]。在其後大會黨、共產黨(聯合馬列)和聯合共產黨(毛主義)的會議中,聯合共產黨(毛主義)表示支持由大會黨領導政府的理念,但是決定不加入政府,留在在野阵营中[12]。2014年2月2日,在分別為第三及第四大黨的共產黨(聯合馬列)和馬德西人民權利大會(民主)決定不加入政府後,大會黨放棄在憲法38(1)條下籌組聯合政府,後來與共產黨(聯合馬列)展開就在憲法第38(2)條下組成大多數政府展開會談[13][14]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Constituent Assembly. Constituent Assembly of Nepal. [22 January 2014]. 
  2. ^ CA dissolved; PM proposes fresh election for Nov 22. eKantipur. 28 May 2012 [22 January 2014]. 
  3. ^ Thapa assumes office as head of CA. My Republica. 20 January 2014 [22 January 2014]. 
  4. ^ 565 CA members sworn in, first CA meet today. My Republica. 22 January 2014 [22 January 2014]. 
  5. ^ Nepal takes step towards new constitution. Political leaders pledge to draw up constitution within a year as new parliament convenes.. Al Jazeera. 23 January 2014 [24 January 2014]. 
  6. ^ Nepal's new lawmakers pledge early charter. China Daily. 21 January 2014 [24 January 2014]. 
  7. ^ Prez gives parties a week to form new govt. MyRepublica. 26 January 2014 [27 January 2014]. "Article 38 (1) states, 'The Council of Ministers shall be formed under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, on the basis of political understanding.'... Article 38 (2) states,' Failing to forge an understanding as referred to in clause (1), the Prime Minister shall be elected by a majority of the total number of the then members of the Legislature-Parliament'."
  8. ^ Prez Yadav calls for govt formation before Feb 2. eKantipur. 26 January 2014 [27 January 2014]. 
  9. ^ NC-UML meet ends, UML to support NC-led consensus govt. MyRepublica. 27 January 2014 [27 January 2014]. 
  10. ^ UML ready to support Koirala. eKantipur. 27 January 2014 [27 January 2014]. 'Singh further informed that the discussions between the two parties, held right after the second meeting of Legislature Parliament, culminated with the resolution on holding the local body election within six months and promulgating the constitution within a year. "Both the parties have agreed to hold the local body election within six months," Singh said, "A consensus has also been reached to draft the new constitution within one year."'
  11. ^ NC holds all party meet, seeks support for NC-led govt. Gorkhapatra. 28 January 2014 [28 January 2014]. 
  12. ^ Three-party meeting ends. My Republica. 28 January 2014 [28 January 2014]. 
  13. ^ NC asks prez to initiate process for majority govt. My Republica. 3 February 2014 [3 February 2014]. 
  14. ^ UCPN (M) decides not to join govt. eKantipur. 28 January 2014 [28 January 2014].