性网络

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性网络英语:sexual network)是指人群通过性关系而形成的社交网络

研究与发现[编辑]

与其他社交网络相同,性网络可以使用图论网络理论等进行研究。[1][2]

最近的流行病学研究发现[3],性网络的统计性质对性病的传播是至关重要的。在总体的性网络图中可以定义各种子图,如经常去酒吧或俱乐部的人群、属于某一特定种族的人群、参与某种特定性生活的人群或与性病某次爆发有关的人群等。特别是拥有大量性伴侣的人之间的相称配合(assortative mixing)是性病传播的重要因素。

一个或许让人惊讶的事实是,数学模型表明人类的性网络图呈现出单一的最大连通分支(giant component),几乎所有拥有超过一个性伴侣的人以及绝大多数拥有一个性伴侣的人之间都间接相连。不在这一最大连通分支中的人大多为处男处女以及从未和其他人发生过性关系的夫妻。

参见[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Liljeros, Fredrik; Christofer R. Edling, Luis A. Nunes Amaral. Sexual networks: implications for the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Microbes and Infection (Science direct). 2003, 5: 189–196. 
  2. ^ Liljeros, Fredrik; Christofer R. Edling, Luis A. Nunes Amaral, H. Eugene Stanley, Yvonne Aberg. The web of human sexual contacts. Nature. 2001, 411: 907–908. 
  3. ^ Rocha, L.E.C.; Fredrik Liljeros, Petter Holme. Information dynamics shape the sexual networks of Internet-mediated prostitution. Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences. 2010, 107 (13): 5706–5713. 

延伸阅读[编辑]

  • M Kretzschmar. "Sexual network structure and sexually transmitted disease prevention: a modeling perspective". Sexually Transmitted Diseases volume 27, number 10 (November 2000): pages 627– 35.
  • P. De et al. Sexual network analysis of a gonorrhea outbreak Sex Transm Infect 2004;80:280-285
  • P S Bearman, J Moody, K Stovel "Chains of affection: The structure of adolescent romantic and sexual networks,” American Journal of Sociology , Vol. 110, No. 1, 2004.
  • L E C Rocha, F Liljeros and P Holme Information dynamics shape the sexual networks of Internet-mediated prostitution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences free online (March 2010).
  • Apostolopoulos, Y., Sönmez, S., Shattell, M., Kronenfeld, J., Smith, D., & Stanton, S. (2011). Cruising for Truckers on Highways and the Internet: Sexual Networks and Infection Risk. AIDS Education & Prevention, 23(3), 249-266. doi:10.1521/aeap.2011.23.3.249
  • O'Connor, M. L. (1999). Sexual Network Patterns Contribute to Racial Disparities in Disease Risk. Family Planning Perspectives, 31(6), 309. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Choudhury, B., Risley, C., Ghani, A., Bishop, C., Ward, H., Fenton, K., & ... Spratt, B. (n.d). Identification of individuals with gonorrhoea within sexual networks: a population-based study. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69003-X
  • Bearman, P. S., Moody, J., & Stovel, K. (2004). Chains of Affection: The Structure of Adolescent Romantic and Sexual Networks[1]. American Journal of Sociology, 110(1), 44-91. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Day, S. S., & Ward, H. H. (1998). Sexual networks: The integration of social and genetic data. Social Science & Medicine, 47(12), 1981. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Nyanzi, S., Nyanzi, B., Kalina, B., & Pool, R. (n.d). Mobility, sexual networks and exchange among bodabodamen in southwest Uganda. Taylor & Francis Ltd. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Social and sexual networks: Their role in the spread of HIV/AIDS among young gay men.

Morris, Martina; Zavisca, Jane; Dean, Laura AIDS Education and Prevention, Vol 7(Suppl), 1995, 24-35.