新蛇小目

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新蛇小目
KINGCOBRA.jpg
眼镜王蛇
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 爬行纲 Reptilia
目: 有鳞目 Squamata
演化支 有毒类 Toxicofera
演化支 蠎形类 Pythonomorpha
演化支 蛇形类 Ophidiomorpha
演化支 泛蛇类 Ophidia
亚目: 蛇亚目 Serpentes
下目: 真蛇下目 Alethinophidia
演化支 非洲真蛇类 Afrophidia
小目: 新蛇小目 Caenophidia
Hoffstetter, 1939
異名
  • Xenophidia

新蛇小目學名Caenophidia)是蛇亚目真蛇下目的一个小目,在蛇亚目中种类最多,分为六科。包括各种毒蛇、无毒蛇。

一些常见的宠物蛇有:

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ The elapids in the past were considered to have two subfamilies–the Elapinae made of terrestrial species and Hydrophiinae made of the marine species.[2] In 1997, Slowinski, Knight and Rooney found in their phylogenetic analysis using amino acid sequences from venom proteins, that the Australasian terrestrial species nested within the Hydrophiinae. This led to removing the Australasian terrestrial species and placing them in Hydrophiinae.[3][2] This has been supported in subsequent recent genomic analyses, though these same studies also found the subfamily Elapinae to be paraphyletic in respect to the Hydrophiinae.[4][5][6] These studies have found coral snakes, cobras and mambas, kraits, and African gartersnakes forming successive outgroups to Hydrophiinae.[5][6] Since clade names are available for these groups with the exception of the Elapsoidea, bringing back the subfamilies Calliophiinae, Micrurinae, Najinae, and Bungarinae is ideal.

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (scielo). 2009, 49: 115 – 153. ISSN 0031-1049. doi:10.1590/S0031-10492009001100001 (英语). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Mattison, C. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press. 2007. 
  3. ^ Slowinski, J. B.; Knight, A.; Rooney, A. P. Inferring Species Trees from Gene Trees: A Phylogenetic Analysis of the Elapidae (Serpentes) Based on the Amino Acid Sequences of Venom Proteins.. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 1997, 8 (3): 349–362. PMID 9417893. doi:10.1006/mpev.1997.0434. 
  4. ^ Pyron; Burbrink; Wiens. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 2013, 13: 93. PMC 3682911. PMID 23627680. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Lee, M. S.; Sanders, K. L.; King, B.; Palci, A. Diversification rates and phenotypic evolution in venomous snakes (Elapidae).. Royal Society Open Science. 2016, 3 (1): 1. Bibcode:2016RSOS....350277L. PMC 4736917. PMID 26909162. doi:10.1098/rsos.150277. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Figueroa, A.; McKelvy, A. D.; Grismer, L. L.; Bell, C. D.; Lailvaux, S. P. A species-level phylogeny of extant snakes with description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus. PLOS ONE. 2016, 11 (9): e0161070. Bibcode:2016PLoSO..1161070F. PMC 5014348. PMID 27603205. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161070.