海馬的組成

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海馬結構
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海馬結構,Santiago Ramon y Cajal繪。 DG:齒狀回 Sub: subiculum. EC: entorhinal cortex. CA1-CA3: hippocampus proper
细节
屬於 顳葉
识别标示
NeuroLex ID Hippocampal formation
FMA FMA:74038
解剖學名詞英语Anatomical terminology

海馬的組成(hippocampal formation)為大腦內側顳葉的構造。有關該構造所包含的範圍,學界並沒有共識。有些學者認為海馬結構包含齒狀回英语dentate gyrus海馬迴本體,和岬下腳英语subiculum[1]。有些則認為前岬下腳(presubiculum)、偏岬下腳英语parasubiculum,和嗅覺皮質英语entorhinal cortex皆包含在內[2]。海馬結構被認為對於人類的記憶、空間概念,和專注力上扮演重要的角色。而海馬迴的川傳輸途徑在所有動物之間幾乎一樣[3]


參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Martin, JH. Lymbic system and cerebral circuits for emotions, learning, and memory. Neuroanatomy: text and atlas third. McGraw-Hill Companies. 2003: 382. ISBN 0-07-121237-X. 
  2. ^ Amaral, D; Lavenex, P. Hippocampal neuroanatomy. (编) Anderson, P; Morris, R; Amaral, D; Bliss, T; I'Keefe. The hippocampus book first. New York: Oxford University Press. 2007: 37. ISBN 9780195100273. 
  3. ^ Anderson, P; Morris, R; Amaral, D; Bliss, T; O'Keefe, J. The hippocampal formation. (编) Anderson, P; Morris, R; Amaral, D; Bliss, T; I'Keefe. The hippocampus book first. New York: Oxford University Press. 2007: 3. ISBN 9780195100273. 

外部連結[编辑]

  • Image University of Michigan Anatomy Project.
  • Image University of California Davis Brain Atlas

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