前額葉皮質

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前額葉皮質
Gray726-Brodman-prefrontal.svg
布罗德曼分区系统, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 24, 25, 32, 44, 45, 46, and 47 are all in the prefrontal cortex[1]
细节
屬於額葉
組成Superior frontal gyrus英语Superior frontal gyrus
Middle frontal gyrus英语Middle frontal gyrus
Inferior frontal gyrus英语Inferior frontal gyrus
动脉Anterior cerebral英语Anterior cerebral artery
Middle cerebral英语Middle cerebral artery
静脉Superior sagittal sinus英语Superior sagittal sinus
识别标示
拉丁语Cortex praefrontalis
MeSHD017397
NeuroNames英语NeuroNames2429
NeuroLex英语NeuroLex IDnlx_anat_090801
FMAFMA:224850
神经解剖学术语英语Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

前額葉皮質prefrontal cortex, PFC)位于大脑额叶的前部、运动皮层运动前区皮层的前方,包含布罗德曼分区中的BA8、BA9、BA10、BA11、BA12、BA13、BA14、BA24、BA25、BA32、BA44、BA45、BA46,以及BA47区[1]

一般认为,前额叶皮质与人生存的欲望以及性格有关[2]。具体来说,前额叶皮质涉及与计划相关的高层次认知活动、人格表现、作出决定的过程,以及调节社会活动、语言功能的某些方面等行为[3][4],能根据内在目标组织思考与行为[5]

按照细胞结构学来讲,脑前额叶外皮通过第四层大脑皮质而被定义存在。运动前区皮层可以通过几种方法来分,其中一种把它分为:前额脑区底部腹內側前額葉皮質英语ventromedial prefrontal cortex背外側前額葉皮層英语dorsolateral prefrontal cortex;前和腹侧扣带皮层

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Elisabeth Murray, Steven Wise, Kim Grahatle=The Evolution of Memory Systems: Ancestors, Anatomy, and Adaptations. Chapter 1: The History of Memory Systems. The Evolution of Memory Systems: Ancestors, Anatomy, and Adaptations 1st. Oxford University Press. 2016: 22–24 [12 March 2017]. ISBN 9780191509957. (原始内容存档于2020-08-19). 
  2. ^ DeYoung CG, Hirsh JB, Shane MS, Papademetris X, Rajeevan N, Gray JR. Testing predictions from personality neuroscience. Brain structure and the big five. Psychological Science. June 2010, 21 (6): 820–8. PMC 3049165. PMID 20435951. doi:10.1177/0956797610370159. 
  3. ^ Yang Y, Raine A. Prefrontal structural and functional brain imaging findings in antisocial, violent, and psychopathic individuals: a meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research. November 2009, 174 (2): 81–8. PMC 2784035. PMID 19833485. doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2009.03.012. 
  4. ^ Gabrieli JD, Poldrack RA, Desmond JE. The role of left prefrontal cortex in language and memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. February 1998, 95 (3): 906–13. Bibcode:1998PNAS...95..906G. PMC 33815. PMID 9448258. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.3.906. 
  5. ^ Miller EK, Freedman DJ, Wallis JD. The prefrontal cortex: categories, concepts and cognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. August 2002, 357 (1424): 1123–36. PMC 1693009. PMID 12217179. doi:10.1098/rstb.2002.1099.