盧德國際機場掃射事件

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坐标31°59′42.4″N 34°53′38.65″E / 31.995111°N 34.8940694°E / 31.995111; 34.8940694 盧德國際機場掃射事件希伯来语הטבח בנמל התעופה לוד日语テルアビブ空港乱射事件)是指1972年5月30日所發生的一宗由解放巴勒斯坦人民陣線和3名日本赤軍成員所策劃[1][2][3][4]並在盧德國際機場(現改名為本-古里安国际机场)執行的恐怖襲擊事件,造成26人罹難與80人受傷。(包括恐怖份子)[5]

這次襲擊事件主要是由巴勒斯坦人先突襲機場安檢,並由日本赤軍協助。該事件常被形容是一個自殺攻擊,不過也有人聲稱,事件背後還有更大的陰謀,但此說法至今尚未獲得證實。[6]

涉案恐怖份子[编辑]

攻擊經過[编辑]

1972年5月30日當天,恐怖份子們從羅馬搭乘法國航空來到盧德機場。由於他們穿著簡單保守和提著外型普通的小提琴,因此很少引人注意到。[8]緊接著他們進到機場內的等候區,並從琴盒裡拿出Vz.58突擊步槍,然後開始朝著機場地勤人員和旅客進行掃射,造成24人當場死亡,78人受傷。(未包括恐怖份子)

主要遇難者包括16名來自波多黎各的基督教朝聖信徒;阿哈龍·卡其爾英语Aharon Katzir,國際知名的生物物理學家且是隔年(1973年)當選以色列總統伊弗雷姆·卡齊爾的弟弟也在這次事件中遇難。

在恐怖份子方面,安田泰之奧平武在事後當場死亡。有说法称安田是被前來處理的以色列警卫开枪打死,而奧平則是拿手榴彈自爆但并未得到确证[9][10]岡本公三日语岡本公三是在與以色列軍隊交火中受了重傷,但最後幸免於難,並被以色列警方拘捕。而總指揮懷迪·哈達德則是順利逃離現場。[11]冈本现已释放,生活在黎巴嫩。

2002年公开的檜森孝雄的笔记上写有起初准备袭击机场管制塔的文字,这种记述也受到一些怀疑。后来桧森于2002年3月30日日比谷公園自焚。[12]

參見[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ "The short-term impact of the Lod Airport massacre as a precursor to Munich..." Stephen Sloan, John C. Bersia, J. B. Hill. Terrorism: The Present Threat in Context, Berg Publisher, 2006, p. 50. ISBN 1845203445
  2. ^ "Two years later, just before the Lod Airport massacre, authorities uncovered the bodies of 14 young men and women on remote Mount Haruna, 70 miles northwest of Tokyo." "Again the Red Army", TIME, August 18, 1975.
  3. ^ "Those named by Lebanese officials as having been arrested included at least three Red Army members who have been wanted for years by Japanese authorities, most notably Kozo Okamoto, 49, the only member of the attacking group who survived the Lod Airport massacre." "Lebanon Seizes Japanese Radicals Sought in Terror Attacks", The New York Times, February 19, 1997.
  4. ^ "They were responsible for the Lod Airport massacre in Israel in 1972, which was committed on behalf of the PFLP." Jeffrey D. Simon, The Terrorist Trap: America's Experience with Terrorism, Indiana University Press, p. 324. ISBN 0253214777
  5. ^ "In what became known as the Lod Airport Massacre three members of the terrorist group, Japanese Red Army, arrived at the airport aboard Air France Flight 132 from Rome. Once inside the airport they grabbed automatic firearms from their carry-on cases and fired at airport staff and visitors. In the end, 26 people died and 80 people were injured." CBC News, The Fifth Estate, "Fasten Your Seatbelts: Ben Gurion Airport in Israel", 2007. Accessed June 2, 2008.
  6. ^ Interview: Dr. Patricia Steinhoff 4 Neojaponisme, September 13, 2007. Accessed March 22, 2009.
  7. ^ Interview: Dr. Patricia Steinhoff 4
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2000/03/17/world/fate-of-5-terrorists-hangs-between-japan-and-lebanon.html?pagewanted=1 NYT on Okamoto
  9. ^ 高山文彦. 奥平剛士の「愛と革命」リッダ!〈第一部〉. G2. 講談社. p. 6. [2010-03-01]. 
  10. ^ 高山文彦. 奥平剛士の「愛と革命」リッダ!〈第一部〉. G2. 講談社. p. 7. [2010-03-01]. 
  11. ^ Schreiber, p. 215.
  12. ^ 高山文彦. 奥平剛士の「愛と革命」リッダ!〈第一部〉. G2. 講談社. p. 9. [2010-03-01]. 

相關資料[编辑]

書籍[编辑]

  • Schreiber, Mark. Shocking Crimes of Postwar Japan. Tuttle Publishing. 1996. ISBN 4900737348. 

外部連結[编辑]