GNU variants


GNU variantsGNU 變種)是一個自由軟件基金會提出的概念,指使用来自GNU應用軟件函式庫(即“用户态”)的操作系统。它的內核不一定是GNU Hurd。.[1][2]

Linux 變種[编辑]

GNU/Linux一詞是GNU计划支持者对由GNU用戶態和GNU系統軟件搭配Linux內核构成的操作系統的称呼。其中一个著名的例子是Debian GNU/Linux

FreeBSD 變種[编辑]

Debian GNU/kFreeBSD 是一个基于Debian 软件包管理系统FreeBSD核心的GNU发行版。 kFreeBSD 中的kkernel of的缩写 [3],说明事实上只用到完整的FreeBSD的核心。目前没有官方的版本发布,但在2010年8月冻结的Debian Squeeze (6.0)[4] 预期于2010年发布,旨在支持Debian GNU/kFreeBSD. 一种 Debian GNU/kFreeBSD 的live CDGing.[5]

NetBSD 變種[编辑]


OpenSolaris 變種[编辑]


  1. ^ Stallman, Richard. Linux and the GNU Project. About the GNU Project. Free Software Foundation. 2007-06-19 [2007-07-22]. (原始内容存档于2011-06-29). Many computer users run a modified version of the GNU system every day, without realizing it. Through a peculiar turn of events, the version of GNU which is widely used today is more often known as “Linux”, and many users are not aware of the extent of its connection with the GNU Project. There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is not the operating system. Linux is the kernel: the program in the system that allocates the machine's resources to the other programs that you run. 
  2. ^ The Debian Project. What is Debian?. About Debian. 2007-07-11 [2007-07-22]. (原始内容存档于2007-04-06). Debian uses the Linux kernel (the core of an operating system), but most of the basic OS tools come from the GNU project; hence the name GNU/Linux. 
  3. ^ Debian GNU/kFreeBSD FAQ. [2010-09-25]. (原始内容存档于2013-09-27). 
  4. ^ Bits from the (chilly) release team. [2010-09-25]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-27). 
  5. ^ The Ging FAQ. [2010年1月7日]. (原始内容存档于2008年4月22日).