- Shaw, Wendy M. K. Possessors and possessed: museums, archaeology, and the visualization of history in the late Ottoman Empire. University of California Press. 2003: 97–98. ISBN 0-520-23335-2.
Ibrahim Edhem. After studying metals engineering in Paris and Vienna Ibrahim Edhem returned to the Ottoman Empire, where he served in several official posts…He served as ambassador to Berlin in 1876 and to Vienna between 1879 and 1882.
- Gilman, Daniel Coit. The New International Encyclopaedia. Dodd, Mead and company. 1906: 644. OCLC 223290453.
A Turkish soldier and statesman, born of Greek parents on the island of Chios. In 1831 he was taken to Paris, where he was educated in engineering
- Appletons' Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events. D. Appleton. 1878: 268. OCLC 184889012.
EDHEM PASHA, the successor of Midhat Pasha as Grand Vizier, was born at Chio, of Greek parents, in 1823. He was saved, when a child, by Turkish soldiers
- Littell, Eliakim. The Living age. The Living Age Co. 1888: 614. OCLC 10173561.
Edhem Pasha was a Greek by birth, pure and unadulterated, having when an infant been stolen from the island of Chios at the time of the great massacre there
- Shaw, Wendy M. K. Possessors and possessed: museums, archaeology, and the visualization of history in the late Ottoman Empire. University of California Press. : 2003. ISBN 0-520-23335-2.
(Osman Hamdi)…His father, Ibrahim Edhem, was born in the Greek Orthodox village of Sakiz. After being captured as a prisoner of war during a village revolt, he was sold as a slave to the chief naval officer, Kaptan-I Derya Husrev Pasha, the head of the Ottoman Navy, who would also soon serve as vizier to the sultan.
- Edhem Eldem, "Greeks and the Greeks in Ottoman History and Turkish Historiography", The Historical Review (Institute for Neohellenic Research) 6:27 (2009) full text 互联网档案馆的存檔，存档日期2017-04-12.
- Latimer, Elizabeth Wormeley. Russia and Turkey in the Nineteenth Century. BiblioBazaar. 2008: 204. ISBN 0-559-52708-X.
Grand vizier Edhem Pasha…the grand vizier, who sent him to Paris, whence he returned a Bachelor of Arts, and one of the best pupils at the Ecole des Mines.