槍傷

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槍傷
Gunshot skull.jpg
1950年代,一個男性头骨上有一個被槍打穿的孔
症状疼痛出血[1][2]
併發症創傷後壓力症, 鉛中毒, nerve injury英语nerve injury,[1][2][3] 感染, 敗血症, 腦損傷, 坏疽, 身心障礙, 截肢[4]
风险因子非法毒品貿易物質濫用心理健康firearm law英语firearm law
治療重大創傷
死亡數251,000 (2016)
醫學專科trauma surgery英语trauma surgery

枪伤是指由槍械(通常是火器氣槍)射出的的拋體(例如子弹)造成的創傷[5][6]症狀包括出血骨折器官损伤、傷口感染、癱瘓,嚴重的槍傷會導致傷者死亡。槍傷還會引發铅中毒創傷後壓力症等併發症。 [2]槍傷的嚴重程度取决于被击中的要害部位以及子弹的类型和速度。 [6][1][2][7]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gun Shot Wounds - Trauma - Orthobullets. www.orthobullets.com. [13 July 2019]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-24). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Gunshot wounds - aftercare: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. medlineplus.gov. [13 July 2019]. (原始内容存档于2019-07-13) (英语). 
  3. ^ Stein, JS; Strauss, E. Gunshot wounds to the upper extremity. Evaluation and management of vascular injuries.. The Orthopedic Clinics of North America. January 1995, 26 (1): 29–35. PMID 7838501. doi:10.1016/S0030-5898(20)31965-9. 
  4. ^ Nair, R.; Abdool-Carrim, A. T.; Robbs, J. V. Gunshot injuries of the popliteal artery - Nair - 2000 - BJS - Wiley Online Library. The British Journal of Surgery. 2000, 87 (5): 602–7. PMID 10792317. S2CID 8418598. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2168.2000.01397.x. 
  5. ^ Gunshot wound definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary. www.collinsdictionary.com. [13 July 2019]. (原始内容存档于2019-07-13) (英语). 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Gunshot Injuries; Gunshot wounds (GSW) information. patient.info. [13 July 2019]. (原始内容存档于2019-07-14) (英语). 
  7. ^ Aaron, DL; Fadale, PD; Harrington, CJ; Born, CT. Posttraumatic stress disorders in civilian orthopaedics. The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. May 2011, 19 (5): 245–50. PMID 21536623. S2CID 29498901. doi:10.5435/00124635-201105000-00001.