波托西

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坐标19°35′S 65°45′W / 19.583°S 65.750°W / -19.583; -65.750

波托西在玻利維亞的位置
波托西
波托西
波托西的位置

波托西西班牙语:Potosí)位于玻利维亚南部,是波托西省的首府,人口约115,000。

波托西海拔4090米,是世界上海拔最高的城市。

Climate[编辑]

Potosí features a rare climate for a city of its size, due to its extreme elevation at over 4000m. Semiarid and with average temperatures in its warmest month sitting right on the 10 °C threshold, the city's climate straddles that of the subtropical highland climate (Cwc, according to the Köppen climate classification), with subpolar oceanic characteristics and an alpine climate (E). Summers are cool and wet with daily highs rarely rising above 20 °C, while winters feature cooler days with much colder nights averaging −4 °C. These low temperatures are a result of the extreme precipitation deficit during the winter months with the resulting aridity leading to an increased diurnal temperature variation.

Potosi, Bolivia (2000−2012)气候平均数据
月份 1月 2月 3月 4月 5月 6月 7月 8月 9月 10月 11月 12月 全年
平均高温​℃(℉) 15
(59)
15
(59)
16
(61)
17
(63)
15
(59)
14
(57)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(64)
17
(63)
15.8
(60.4)
每日平均气温​℃(℉) 9
(48)
9
(48)
9
(48)
8.5
(47.3)
6.5
(43.7)
5.5
(41.9)
5
(41)
6
(43)
6.5
(43.7)
9.5
(49.1)
10
(50)
10
(50)
7.9
(46.2)
平均低温​℃(℉) 3
(37)
3
(37)
2
(36)
0
(32)
−2
(28)
−3
(27)
−4
(25)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
1
(34)
2
(36)
3
(37)
0.1
(32.2)
平均降水量​㎜(英⁠寸) 92
(3.62)
86
(3.39)
55
(2.17)
13
(0.51)
3
(0.12)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
10
(0.39)
20
(0.79)
38
(1.5)
75
(2.95)
397
(15.63)
平均降水日数​(≥ 1.0 mm) 17 16 12 5 1 0 0 1 2 5 7 14 80
每日平均日照时数 6 6 7 8 9 9 9 9 8 8 7 7 7.75
来源:WeatherWorld[1]

相关条目[编辑]

波托西银矿

參考資料[编辑]

Specific
  1. ^ Climate Data and Activities. WeatherWorldOnline. [15 October 2013]. 
General
  • Angola Maconde, Juan. "Raíces de un pueblo: cultura afroboliviana." La Paz: Producciones CIMA, 1999.
  • Arzáns de Orsúa y Vela, Bartolomé. Historia de la Villa Imperial de Potosí. Edición de Lewis Hanke y Gunnar Mendoza. Providence, R.I.: Brown University Press, 1965.
  • Bakewell, Peter. "Miners of the Red Mountain: Indian Labor in Potosi, 1545-1650". University of New Mexico Press 2010.
  • Bakewell, Peter. "Silver and Entrepreneurship in Seventeenth-Century Potosí: The Life and Times of Antonio López de Quiroga". Southern Methodist University Press 1995.
  • Cobb, Gwendolin Ballantine. "Potosí, a South American Mining Frontier." Greater America: Essays in Honor of Herbert Eugene Bolton. Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1968, © 1945, pp. 39–58.
  • Gil Montero, Raquel. "Ciudades efimeras. El ciclo minero de la plata en Lipez (Bolivia), siglos XVI - XIX". Instituto Frances de Estudios Andinos - IFEA- Plural Editores, 2014.
  • Hanke, Lewis (writer) and Jean-Claude Wicky (photographer). The Imperial City of Potosí. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1956.
  • Ross, John F. Mountains of Pain Smithsonian Magazine, November 2000.
  • Tandeter, Enrique. "Coaccion y mercado. La mineria de plata en el Potosi colonial, 1692-1826". Siglo XXI Editores 2001.

外部連結[编辑]