腔室症候群

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
腔室症候群
Fasciotomy leg.jpg
小腿施行肌膜切開術,並覆蓋著植皮的樣子。
类型缺血
分类和外部资源
醫學專科急救措施
ICD-10M62.2 , T79.6
ICD-9-CM729.7, 958.9
DiseasesDB3028
MedlinePlus001224
eMedicineemerg/739
Patient UK英语Patient UK腔室症候群
MeSHD003161

腔室症候群是對肢體、生命產生威脅的一種狀況,是由於身體某部位神經、血管及肌肉在一個封閉的的空間(腔室)中受到壓迫[1]。起因於腔室中升高的壓力,造成血管灌流不足,導致組織缺氧而壞死。腔室症候群最常發生在前臂及小腿,[2] 並可分成急性、亞急性及慢性腔室症候群。根據蘭金(Rankin, 1981)的定義,腔室症候群的起因是一個密閉空間中的壓力,使得該空間的循環及組織功能的受到阻礙。

原因[编辑]

因為組成腔室的結締組織延展性降低使得流經該腔室的血流量減少,或是由於腔室中肌肉的腫脹造成腔室中壓力的劇烈升高。常造成腔室症候群的原因包括脛骨或前臂骨折,由於組織的傷害、出血、血管穿刺、靜脈藥物注射,長時間固定、肢體的壓迫,粉碎性的傷害及燒燙傷造成的再灌注性損傷[3][4] 另一個可能的原因是由於服用肌氨酸,有研究指出服用肌氨酸的病史與腔室症候群有一定關係。[5][6]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ 存档副本. [2011-12-28]. (原始内容存档于2011-09-04). 
  2. ^ Medline Plus. URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001224.htm页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) Accessed 23 December 2009
  3. ^ Konstantakos EK, Dalstrom DJ, Nelles ME, Laughlin RT, Prayson MJ. Diagnosis and management of extremity compartment syndromes: an orthopaedic perspective. Am Surg. December 2007, 73 (12): 1199–209. PMID 18186372. 
  4. ^ Maerz L, Kaplan LJ. Abdominal compartment syndrome. Crit. Care Med. April 2008, 36 (4 Suppl): S212–5. PMID 18382196. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e318168e333. (原始内容存档于2018-10-01). 
  5. ^ Potteiger JA, Carper MJ, Randall JC, Magee LJ, Jacobsen DJ, Hulver MW. Changes in Lower Leg Anterior Compartment Pressure Before, During, and After Creatine Supplementation (PDF). J Athl Train. June 2002, 37 (2): 157–163. PMC 164339. PMID 12937429. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2008-12-17). 
  6. ^ Hile AM, Anderson JM, Fiala KA, Stevenson JH, Casa DJ, Maresh CM. Creatine supplementation and anterior compartment pressure during exercise in the heat in dehydrated men. J Athl Train. 2006, 41 (1): 30–5. PMC 1421498. PMID 16619092. 

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Floyd R. and Thompson C. Manual of Structural Kinesiology 17th Ed., McCrawHill. ISBN 978-0-07-337643-1
  • Blackman, Paul G.. "A review of chronic exertional compartment syndrome in the lower leg." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 32.3 (supp): S4-S10.
  • Hamill, J and Knutzem KM. Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement, 3rd Ed. Lippincott Williams&Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-7817-9128-1
  • Leung, Y.F., Ip, S.P., Chung, O.M., Wai, Y.L., (2003, June). Unimuscular neuromuscular insult of the leg in partial anterior compartment syndrome in a patient with combined fractures. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 9.
  • Rankin, E.A., Andrews, G. (1981, December). Anterior tibial compartmental syndrome: an unusual presentation. Journal of the National Medical Association, 73.
  • Rorabeck, C.H., (1984, January). The treatment of compartment syndromes of the leg. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-British, 66-B. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20110724152659/http://web.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/content/abstract/66-B/1/93
  • Shadgan, B., et. al. (2010, October). Current thinking about acute compartment syndrome of the lower extremity, Canadian Journal of Surgery, 53.
  • Shears, E., Porter, K. (2006). Acute compartment syndrome of the limb. Trauma, 8.
  • Touliopolous, S., Hershman, E.B., (1999, March). Lower leg pain: diagnosis and treatment of compartment syndromes and other pain syndromes of the leg. Sports Medicine, 27.

外部链接[编辑]