蠓科

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蠓科
Ceratopogonidae
Culicoides sonorensis,一隻雌性的蠓
Culicoides sonorensis,一隻雌性的蠓
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 節肢動物門 Arthropoda
綱: 昆蟲綱 Insecta
目: 雙翅目 Diptera
亞目: 長角亞目 Nematocera
下目: 蚊下目 Culicomorpha
總科: 搖蚊總科 Chironomoidea
科: 蠓科 Ceratopogonidae
亞科

見內文

蠓科(學名:Ceratopogonidae),又名糠蚊沙蚊(主要在澳大利亞北領地使用[1]),是蚊下目之下的一個科。本科物種體形細小,身長一般在1–4 mm之間。與同屬搖蚊總科(Chironomoidea)的山蚋科(Thaumaleidae)、蚋科(Simulidae)及搖蚊科(Chironomidae)等物種關係密切。

Atrichopogon sp. on Oedemera virescens

他們在世界各地幾乎任何水棲半水棲及在山區找到牠們的棲息地。幾乎所有物種的雌蟲均會以某種動物為宿主來吸血庫蠓屬Culicoides)、蠛蠓屬Forcipomyia細蠓Leptoconops)主要吸有脊椎動物的血。有些Atrichopogon及蠛蠓屬物種是其他較大型的昆蟲的外寄生蟲ectoparasite)。 毛蠓屬Dasyhelea)幾乎只吃花蜜。其他屬的物種則捕食較小型的昆蟲。 蠓科物種的若蟲總可在一些潮濕的地方發現的,例如:在樹皮底下、在腐爛的木頭裡、堆肥裡、泥裡、小溪旁、樹洞內或保水植物內(例如:phytotelmata)。

Ceratopogonid male
Leptoconops
Biting midge or "punky" on a flower
While this Sphodromantis eats a bee, a ceratopogonid midge, sitting on the joint between the femur and tibia of the right-hand foreleg, fills its abdomen with the green mantis blood.

分類[编辑]

蠓科物種大致可以分類為四個亞科[2]

常見物種[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Blanton, F.S. and W.W. Wirth. 1979. The sand flies (Culicoides) of Florida (Ceratopogonidae). Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas Volume 10. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
  • Borkent, A. and W.W. Wirth. 1997. World species of biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 233: 1–257.
  • Clastrier, J. and W.W. Wirth. 1978. The Leptoconops kerteszi complex in North America (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin Number 1573.
  • Downes, J.A. and W.W. Wirth. 1981. Chapter 28: Ceratopogonidae. Pp. 393–421. In: McAlpine, J.F., B.V. Peterson, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, and D.M. Wood. Manual of Nearctic Diptera, Volume 1. Agriculture Canada Monograph 27.
  • Hendry, George. Midges in Scotland 4th Edition, Mercat Press, Edinburgh, 2003 ISBN 1-84183-062-3
  • Mullen, G.R. and L.J. Hribar. 1988. Biology and feeding behavior of ceratopogonid larvae (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in North America. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 13: 60–81.
  • Wirth, W.W. and F.S. Blanton. 1974. The West Indian sandflies of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin Number 1474.
  • Wirth, W.W. and W.L. Grogan, Jr. 1988. The Predaceous Midges of the World (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae; Tribe Ceratopogonini). Flora and Fauna Handbook Number 4. E.J. Brill Publishers, Leiden. xv + 160 pp.
  • Wirth, W.W., N.C. Ratanaworabhan, and D.H. Messersmith. 1977. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XXII. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). 1. Introduction and key to genera. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 90(3): 615–647.
  1. ^ Biting Midges or “Sandflies” in the NT (PDF). The Northern Territory Disease Conrtol Bulletin. 2003-09, 10 (3). (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2016-03-04) (英语). |publisher=Northern Territory Government Department of Health and Community Services |first=Peter |last=Whelan |pages=12 }}
  2. ^ 虞以新 (编). 中国蠓科昆虫名录及其检索表. 军医医学科学出版社. 005-09 [2016-05-08] (中文(简体)‎). 

外部連結[编辑]

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