征服者-313戰鬥機

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
征服者-313戰鬥機
قاهر-۳۱۳
类型 隱形戰鬥機
原产国 伊朗
服役 未知
状态 研發中(2013年)

征服者-313戰鬥機波斯語قاهر-۳۱۳,又有「Ghaher-313」、「Qaher-313」、「Q-313」、「F-313」多種稱呼與譯名)是伊朗空軍的一款研製中的單座隱形戰鬥機,於2013年2月1日首次對外公佈[1],其性能遽聞與美國製的F/A-18E/F超級大黃蜂式打擊戰鬥機相似。[2]。2013年2月2日由總統马哈茂德·艾哈迈迪内贾德與國防部長艾哈迈德·瓦希迪伊斯蘭革命成功為期10天的紀念儀式中介紹[3][4][5][6][7]

發展[编辑]

據伊朗政府資料,征服者-313戰鬥機由伊朗國防部下屬部門、「伊朗航空工業組織」、伊朗空軍所研發與生產,研製工程由哈桑·帕法涅(Hassan Parvaneh)負責[8][9]

遽聞設計團隊已造出兩架縮小型的飛機模型與測試,一座模型使用螺旋槳發動機,另一座據影片顯示,使用微型渦輪噴氣發動機[10]。模型也被設計團隊公佈於影片中[11]以色列的《国土报》表示,「伊朗聲稱該機的飛行影像極為模糊,顯示似乎並非為載人機,反倒像小型的無線電操作機。」[7]

伊朗之外的媒體消息指出,該機可能無法滿足現有性能規格的要求,充其量只能作為一種大型的樣機或原型機[4][7][12][13]BBC新聞則指出這架飛機看似為美軍F22的廉價仿製品[14],伊朗現階段並不開放其武器技術細節資料,故其有很多對於該機性能的主張無從驗證[5]

設計[编辑]

據資料,該機為匿蹤戰機,具低海拔作戰能力[15],還聲稱征服者以「先進材質」所造、低雷達檢測度[14],也有資料宣稱可於短跑道上進行起降,且容易維護[16]

全球飛行》記述道,征服者類似於波音的「食肉鳥」(Bird of Prey)原型機,但有更多部份類似於1970年代的擁藍(Have Blue)原型機,後來該機發展成現已退役的F-117夜鷹戰鬥機。《全球飛行》還寫道「這是一款明顯尺寸較小的飛機,引擎可能取自於通用電氣的J-85渦輪引擎逆向工程所得的變體。」[9]

資料來源[编辑]

  1. ^ Iran to unveil new indigenous fighter jet. Iran: PressTV. 2013-02-01 [2013-02-02]. 
  2. ^ 伊朗公布征服者313新型國產戰鬥機 外形很科幻《大公報》2013-02-03
  3. ^ Iran president unveils Qaher-313 indigenous fighter jet. Iran: PressTV. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Iran unveils new indigenous stealth fighter “Qaher 313″. And here’s a detailed analysis. The Aviationist. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Ahmadinejad unveils Iran's newest fighter jet. Google News. AP. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  6. ^ Iran unveils futuristic-looking warplane. Philippine Daily Inquirer. AFP. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 Turkey: U.S. Embassy bomber was convicted of terrorism in 1997. Haaretz. Reuters, Associated Press. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02] (English). "A closer look at the example presented to the regime’s leaders, including President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi, looks like little more than a glorified mock-up that seems to have been built with leftover props from a cheap science-fiction flick. [...] The blurry video published by the Iranians purporting to show the Qaher 313 in flight seems to show not a manned fighter jet but a small radio-operated drone." 
  8. ^ Iran unveils advanced fighter jet F-313 (slideshow). The Economic Times (India). 2013-02-02: (6) [2013-02-02]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Majumdar, Dave. Iran reveals new Qaher 313 stealth fighter. Flight Global. 2 February 2013 [3 February 2013]. 
  10. ^ Qaher-313 Inauguration Ceremony (arabic). Youtube (Tehran). 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  11. ^ Qaher-313 (Persian). Youtube (Tehran). 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  12. ^ Anshel Pfeffer. המפציץ החמקן האיראני – כנראה מטוס דמה שלא מסוגל לטוס [Iranian stealth bomber - probably a dummy plane that cannot fly]. Haaretz. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02] (Hebrew). "השאלה הרצינית היחידה שמעלה הצגת המטוס, שכמעט בוודאות מעולם לא הופיע על שולחן השרטוט של מהנדס אווירונאוטי, אבל ללא ספק דרש אלפי שעות הפקה של אנשי התעמולה של המשטר, הוא על מי האיראנים מנסים לעבוד? [The only serious question raised by the display of the plane, that almost certainly never appeared on the drawing board of an aeronautical engineer, but certainly demanded thousands of production hours of the regime's propaganda, is who are the Iranians trying to deceive?]" 
  13. ^ Iranian technology: Domestic triumph or monkey business?. Israel HaYom. 2013-02-03 [2013-02-03] (Hebrew). "Officials in Israel's defense establishment cast doubt on the capabilities of the F-313. "Without knowing too much, it looks like the plane has many flaws. Developing a fighter jet is not a simple task. It's quite unlikely that this plane will be a cause of concern for the Israeli Air Force..."" 
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 Cyrus Amini. Qaher F313: Iran unveils home-made 'stealth' fighter (report with video). BBC Persian (BBC News Online). 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  15. ^ Iran unveils domestically built fighter jet. Emirates 24/7. AFP. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 
  16. ^ Iran’s super advanced Qaher-313 can evade radars: Defense minister. Iran: PressTV. 2013-02-02 [2013-02-02]. 

外部連結[编辑]