旋花科

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旋花科
圓葉牽牛
科學分類
界: 植物界 Plantae
門: 被子植物門 Magnoliophyta
綱: 雙子葉植物綱 Magnoliopsida
目: 茄目 Solanales
科: 旋花科 Convolvulaceae

內文

旋花科(學名:Convolvulaceae)是雙子葉植物綱茄目的一個科。

約有60,1650,廣泛分布在全球,主要產於美洲亞洲熱带亞熱带地區,中國有22屬約125種。

形态[编辑]

草质或木质藤本,有时有乳液。莖通常是纏繞莖,旋花科的名字是以拉丁文convolvere(缠绕)而命名;单叶互生,全缘或分裂,有时缺,沒有托葉;花腋生、单生或为聚伞花序,美丽,色白、粉红或蓝,漏斗状。两性,辐射对称,有苞片,花萼5裂宿存,花冠通常钟状或漏斗形,雄蕊5枚着生于花冠管上,子房上位2-3室,每室有胚珠2枚,花柱通常单生;果实为蒴果,2-4瓣裂、盖裂或作不规则开裂,很少为漿果;4-6粒種子。旋花属的某些种可提取檀油。

[编辑]

根據D.F. Austin 研究(見參考資料),旋花科可被分類為這些族:

  • 伊立基藤族(Ericybeae)
  • (Cresseae)
  • (Cardiochlamyeae)
  • 旋花族(Convolvuleae)
  • 菜欒藤族(Merremieae)
  • 番薯族(Ipomoeae)
  • (Aniseieae)
  • (Maripeae)
  • (Dichondreae)
  • 娥房藤族(Jacquemontieae)
  • 菟絲子族(Cuscuteae) (有時也被分出為菟絲子族)

[编辑]

Aniseieae
Cardiochlamyeae
旋花族(Convolvuleae
Cresseae
菟絲子族(Cuscuteae
Dichondreae
伊立基藤族(Ericybeae
Tribe Humbertieae
番薯族(Ipomoeae
娥房藤族(Jacquemontieae
Maripeae
菜欒藤族(Merremieae
未分於族中

參考資料[编辑]

Wikispecies-logo.svg
维基物种中的分类信息:
  1. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Aniseieae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  2. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cardiochlamyeae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  3. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Convolvuleae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  4. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cresseae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  5. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Cuscuteae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  6. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Dichondreae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  7. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Erycibeae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  8. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Humbertieae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  9. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Ipomoeeae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  10. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Jacquemontieae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  11. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Maripeae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 
  12. ^ Genera of Convolvulaceae tribe Merremieae. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. [2009-04-13]. 

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Austin, D. F. (1973) The American Erycibeae (Convolvulaceae): Maripa, Dicranostyles, and Lysiostyles I. Systematics. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 306-412.
  • Austin, D. F. 1997. Convolvulaceae (Morning Glory Family)
  • Convolvulus plant
  • Convolvulaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants.
  • Austin, D.F. 2000. Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis, Convolvulaceae) in North America—From medicine to menace. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 127:172-177
  • Costea, M. 2007-onwards. Digital Atlas of Cuscuta (Convolvulaceae)
  • Lyons, K.E. 2001. Element stewardship abstract for Convolvulus arvensis L. field bindweed. The Nature Conservancy. [1]
  • Calif. Dept. of Food and Agriculture. Undated. Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.). [2]
  • Univ. of Idaho Extension. 1999. Homewise: No matter what we do, our morning glory weeds come back every year. Any advice? Aug. 23. [3]
  • Hodges, L. 2003. Bindweed identification and trol options for organic production. NebFacts. Univ. of Nebraska – Lincoln Cooperative Extension. [4]
  • Univ. of California Agriculture and Natural Resources. 2003. Field Bindweed. Pest Notes. Publ. # 7462. [5]
  • Washington State Univ. Cooperative Extension. Undated. Hortsense: Weeds: Field bindweed (Wild morningglory): Convolvulus arvensis. [6]
  • Sullivan, P. 2004. Field bindweed control alternatives. ATTRA. National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. [7]
  • Lanini, W. T. Undated. Organic weed management in vineyards. University of California, Davis Cooperative Extension. [8]
  • Cox, H.R. 1915. The eradication of bindweed or wild morning-glory. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Farmers’ Bulletin 368. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
  • Littlefield, J.L. 2004. Bindweeds. In Biological control of invasive plants in the United States, ed. E.M. Coombs et al. Corvallis OR: Oregon State Universityy Press. Pp. 150-157.
  • New Mexico State Univ. Cooperative Extension Service. 2004. Managing Aceria malherbae gall mites for control of field bindweed. [9]
  • Cox, Caroline. 2005. Coping with field bindweed without using herbicides. Journal of Pesticide Reform 25(1): 6-7