Template:Infobox drug

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Infobox drug
临床数据
识别号
化学数据
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Template:Infobox drug模板提为药物文章提供了一致的布局,为其他提供药物信息的源提供了接口。模板可用于普通的单一药物,复方药物,单克隆抗体与疫苗。不用担心尝试填满所有的参数,即使只有一两个有用。请注意模板暂未提供中文参数。

单一化学药物[编辑]

编辑药物文章时,复制并粘贴以下任意一种格式的模板文本至文章的顶端。

简化的单一药物模板:

{{Infobox drug
| drug_name         = 
| IUPAC_name        = 
| image             = 
| alt               = 
| caption           = 

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_AU_comment = 
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X / N -->
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_AU_comment =
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_NZ = <!--Class A, B, C -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM / Class A, B, C -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_status      = 
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Pharmacokinetic data -->
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| onset             = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 

<!-- Chemical data -->
| chemical_formula  = 
| molecular_weight  = 
}}

完整的单一药物模板 with extended fields:

{{Infobox drug
| IUPAC_name        = 
| image             = 
| width             = 
| alt               = 
| image2            = 
| width2            = 
| alt2              = 
| imageL            =
| widthL            =
| altL              = 
| imageR            = 
| widthR            = 
| altR              = 
| imagename         = <!-- else may use drug_name -->
| drug_name         = <!-- else may use imagename -->
| caption           = 

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| licence_EU        = <!-- EMA requires brand name -->
| licence_US        = <!-- FDA may use generic name -->
| DailyMedID        = <!-- preference to licence_US -->
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_AU_comment =      
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X / N -->
| pregnancy_US_comment = 
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_AU_comment = 
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_CA_comment = 
| legal_NZ = <!-- Class A, B, C -->
| legal_NZ_comment = 
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM / Class A, B, C -->
| legal_UK_comment = 
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_US_comment = 
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_UN_comment = 
| status      = 
| dependency_liability = 
| addiction_liability = 
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Pharmacokinetic data -->
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| onset             = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| CAS_supplemental  = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| ATC_supplemental  = 
| PubChem           = 
| PubChemSubstance  = 
| IUPHAR_ligand     = 
| DrugBank          = 
| ChemSpiderID      = 
| UNII              = 
| KEGG              = 
| ChEBI             = 
| ChEMBL            = 
| NIAID_ChemDB      =
| synonyms          = 

<!-- Chemical data -->
| chemical_formula  = 
| C= | H= | Ag= | Al= | As= | Au= | B= | Bi= | Br= | Ca= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Fe= | Gd= | I=
| K= | Li= | Mg= | Mn= | N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Sb= | Se= | Sr= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=
| molecular_weight  = 
| smiles            = 
| StdInChI          = 
| StdInChI_comment  = 
| StdInChIKey       = 
| density           = 
| melting_point     = 
| melting_high      = 
| melting_notes     = 
| boiling_point     = 
| boiling_notes     = 
| solubility        = 
| specific_rotation = 
| sec_combustion    = 
}}

OR alternatively: use Diberri's excellent Wikipedia template filling tool which will generate a populated template to copy & paste into an article if given a DrugBank ID number (which may be obtained from DrugBank search). Please select for Fill template vertically, but as Wikipedia is a general encyclopedia, most drugs do not warrant Show extended fields.

复方药物[编辑]

设置参数type=combo

此格式的信息框使用不同的参数集。介绍复方药物时,至少需要说明两种成分以上,对每种成分应该:

  • 指出它的名字(会被自动添加维基链接)
  • 指出它所属的类别,这通常需要手动添加维基链接,如舒利迭
Seretide
组成
Fluticasone Glucocorticoid
Salmeterol Long-acting beta2 agonist
临床数据
识别号
| type       = combo
| drug_name  = Seretide
| component1 = Fluticasone
| class1     = [[Glucocorticoid]]
| component2 = Salmeterol 
| class2     = [[Beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist|Long-acting beta2 agonist]]

Generally combination articles will not need to display the molecular images of its constituents (the relevant specific articles would have the images). It disables all Chemical & Pharmacology parameters (which describe properties of single drug items). These redundant disabled parameters are best not included in the template calling, so use the following abridged forms of the template:

简化的复方药物模板

{{Infobox drug
| type              = combo
| component1        = <!-- Drugname, automatically linked -->
| class1            = <!-- Group, manual link using [[..|..]] -->
| component2        = <!-- Drugname, automatically linked -->
| class2            = <!-- Group, manual link using [[..|..]] -->

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU          = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_AU_coment =
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_NZ = <!--Class A, B, C -->
| legal_status      = 
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 
}}

完整的复方药物模板 ,带有更多的信息并且允许说明最高4种成分。

{{Infobox drug
| type              = combo
| drug_name         = 
| component1        = <!-- Drugname, automatically linked -->
| class1            = <!-- Group, manual link using [[..|..]] -->
| component2        = <!-- Drugname, automatically linked -->
| class2            = <!-- Group, manual link using [[..|..]] -->
| component3        = <!-- Drugname, automatically linked -->
| class3            = <!-- Group, manual link using [[..|..]] -->
| component4        = <!-- Drugname, automatically linked -->
| class4            = <!-- Group, manual link using [[..|..]] -->

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| licence_EU        = <!-- EMA requires brand name -->
| licence_US        = <!-- FDA may use generic name -->
| DailyMedID        = <!-- preference to licence_US -->
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_AU_comment =
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_status      = 
| dependency_liability = 
| addiction_liability = 
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| CAS_supplemental  = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| ATC_supplemental  = 
| PubChem           = 
| PubChemSubstance  = 
| IUPHAR_ligand     = 
| DrugBank          = 
| ChemSpiderID      = 
| UNII              = 
| KEGG              = 
| ChEBI             = 
| ChEMBL            = 
| synonyms          = 
}}

单克隆抗体药物[编辑]

Set the parameter type=mab. This form of the box uses a different subset of parameters, mab_type, source and target:

Catumaxomab?
单克隆抗体
种类 三功能抗体
Rat/mouse hybrid
目标 EpCAM, CD3
临床数据
识别号
化学数据
| type       = mab
| drug_name  = Catumaxomab
| mab_type   = 3funct
| source     = axo
| target     = [[EpCAM]], [[CD3 (immunology)|CD3]]

mab_type defines one of the following types of antibody or antibody fragment:

mab_type output
mab Whole antibody
Fab Fab fragment
F(ab')2 F(ab')2 fragment
Fab' Fab' fragment
scFv Single-chain variable fragment
di-scFv Di-single-chain variable fragment
3funct Trifunctional antibody
clFab Chemically linked Fab
BiTE Bi-specific T-cell engager

source is the species on which the protein sequence of the antibody is based:

source output
a Rat
e Hamster
i Primate
o Mouse
u Human
xi/a, xi/e, etc. Chimeric (rat/human) etc.
xi Chimeric [generic, use only if values above are not applicable]
zu/a, zu/e, etc. Humanized (from rat) etc.
zu Humanized [generic, use only if values above are not applicable]
xizu/a, xizu/e, etc. Chimeric/humanized hybrid (rat/human) etc.
xizu Chimeric/humanized hybrid [generic, use only if values above are not applicable]
axo Rat/mouse hybrid

target is the antigen at which the antibody is directed. This parameter takes free text as value, preferably including a wikilink such as target = [[TNF-α]].

The drug name is followed by a "?" linked to Nomenclature of monoclonal antibodies, saving the need to explain how each monoclonal antibody has been named.

Shortened Monoclonal antibody form:

{{Infobox drug
| type              = mab
| image             = 
| alt               = 
| mab_type          = <!-- mab, Fab, F(ab')2, Fab', scFv, di-scFv, 3funct, clFab, BiTE -->
| source            = <!-- a, e, i, o, u, xi/a, zu/a, xizu/a, axo, ... -->
| target            = <!-- antigen, NOT the code no. of the monoclonal antibody! -->

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category=  
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled -->
| legal_AU_comment =
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_NZ = <!--Class A, B, C -->
| legal_status      = 
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Pharmacokinetic data -->
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| onset             = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 

<!-- Chemical data -->
| chemical_formula  = 
| molecular_weight  = 
}}

Full Monoclonal antibody template with extended fields:

{{Infobox drug
| type              = mab
| image             = 
| width             = 
| alt               = 
| image2            = 
| width2            = 
| alt2              = 
| imagename         = <!-- else may use drug_name -->
| drug_name         = <!-- else may use imagename -->
| mab_type          = <!-- mab, Fab, F(ab')2, Fab', scFv, di-scFv, 3funct, clFab, BiTE -->
| source            = <!-- a, e, i, o, u, xi/a, zu/a, xizu/a, axo, ... -->
| target            = <!-- antigen -->

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| licence_EU        = <!-- EMA requires brand name -->
| licence_US        = <!-- FDA may use generic name -->
| DailyMedID        = <!-- preference to licence_US -->
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_AU_comment =
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_NZ = <!--Class A, B, C -->
| legal_status      = 
| dependency_liability = 
| addiction_liabiliy =
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Pharmacokinetic data -->
| bioavailability   = 
| protein_bound     = 
| metabolism        = 
| onset             = 
| elimination_half-life = 
| excretion         = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| CAS_supplemental  = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| ATC_supplemental  = 
| PubChem           = 
| PubChemSubstance  = 
| IUPHAR_ligand     = 
| DrugBank          = 
| ChemSpiderID      = 
| UNII              = 
| KEGG              = 
| ChEBI             = 
| ChEMBL            = 
| NIAID_ChemDB      =
| synonyms          = 

<!-- Chemical data -->
| chemical_formula  = 
| C= | H= | Ag= | Al= | As= | Au= | B= | Bi= | Br= | Ca= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Fe= | Gd= | I=
| K= | Li= | Mg= | Mn= | N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Sb= | Se= | Sr= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=
| molecular_weight  = 
| smiles            = 
| StdInChI          = 
| StdInChI_comment  = 
| StdInChIKey       = 
| density           = 
| melting_point     = 
| melting_high      = 
| melting_notes     = 
| boiling_point     = 
| boiling_notes     = 
| solubility        = 
| specific_rotation = 
| sec_combustion    = 
}}

疫苗[编辑]

Set the parameter type=vaccine. This allows the alternative parameters of the vaccine_type and target to be specified:

  • target is freetext. Usually will be wikified by the editor to point to a specific page
  • vaccine_type must be from the defined list of options as described at Vaccine#Types, the infobox will provide standardised display and links as follows:
vaccine_type value Output
killed or inactivated Killed/Inactivated
attenuated Attenuated virus
live Live bacteria
toxoid Toxoid
protein or protein subunit Protein subunit
subunit Subunit
conjugate Conjugate vaccine
recombinant Recombinant Vector
DNA DNA vaccination

Where a vaccination product protects against more than one agent, please use the combination form of this infobox with type=combo (per #Combination products), and each classX=[[Vaccine]].

Shortened Vaccine form:

{{Infobox drug
| type              = vaccine
| image             = 
| alt               = 
| target            = <!-- the antigen/bacteria/toxin/virus to protect against -->
| vaccine_type      = <!-- killed/attenuated/live/toxoid/protein subunit/subunit/conjugate/recombinant/DNA -->

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| pregnancy_AU      = <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      = <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category=  
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_AU_comment =
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_NZ = <!--Class A, B, C -->
| legal_status      = 
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| PubChem           = 
| DrugBank          = 
}}

Full Vaccine template with extended fields:

{{Infobox drug
| type              = vaccine
| image             = 
| alt               = 
| width             = 
| image2            = 
| alt2              = 
| width2            = 
| imagename         = <!-- else may use drug_name -->
| drug_name         = <!-- else may use imagename -->
| target            = <!-- the antigen/bacteria/toxin/virus to protect against -->
| vaccine_type      = <!-- killed/attenuated/live/toxoid/protein subunit/subunit/conjugate/recombinant/DNA -->

<!-- Clinical data -->
| tradename         = 
| Drugs.com         = 
| MedlinePlus       = 
| licence_EU        =  <!-- EMA requires brand name -->
| licence_US        =  <!-- FDA may use generic name -->
| DailyMedID        =  <!-- preference to licence_US -->
| pregnancy_AU      =  <!-- A / B1 / B2 / B3 / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_US      =  <!-- A / B            / C / D / X -->
| pregnancy_category= 
| legal_AU = <!-- S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 or Unscheduled-->
| legal_CA = <!-- OTC, Rx-only, Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII -->
| legal_UK = <!-- GSL, P, POM, CD, CD Lic, CD POM, CD No Reg POM, CD (Benz) POM, CD (Anab) POM or CD Inv POM -->
| legal_US = <!-- OTC / Rx-only / Schedule I, II, III, IV, V -->
| legal_UN = <!-- N I, II, III, IV / P I, II, III, IV-->
| legal_NZ = <!--Class A, B, C -->
| legal_status      = 
| dependency_liability = 
| addiction_liability =
| routes_of_administration = 

<!-- Identifiers -->
| CAS_number        = 
| CAS_supplemental  = 
| ATCvet            = 
| ATC_prefix        = <!-- 'none' if uncategorised -->
| ATC_suffix        = 
| ATC_supplemental  = 
| PubChem           = 
| PubChemSubstance  = 
| IUPHAR_ligand     = 
| DrugBank          = 
| ChemSpiderID      = 
| UNII              = 
| KEGG              = 
| ChEBI             = 
| ChEMBL            = 
| NIAID_ChemDB      =
}}

General notes about the fields[编辑]

None of the fields are obligatory. DrugBank does not include every known drug and likewise protein binding may not be applicable to the drug (e.g. if only ever applied externally), so if these fields are not defined then their row is not shown.

Don't worry about getting all the fields — just do your best, and if you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to ask at Template talk:Infobox drug.

参数解析[编辑]

一般[编辑]

| name = 
| drug_name = 
  • name – optional parameter to invoke a special use template (a separate Template:Infobox drug/name page is created to store the template which is then transcluded into the drug article, view/discuss/edit button are displayed at top of the box) Not currently used
  • drug_name – an optional parameter that provides a title for the box
图片[编辑]

You can use the image to provide an illustration. These fields are optional, but it is helpful to provide an image if you can find one. Of course most images on the internet are copyrighted.

You may specify the image name directly, else the template defaults to trying to use File:PAGENAME.png, where PAGENAME is the name of the drug article being written.

The alt parameter specifies the alt text for the image, used by visually impaired readers. See WP:ALT.

There is also an optional width parameter you can add for the image. If your picture is far too big, then add a new line and specify a custom width like this:

 | image            = Aspirin.png
 | width            = 325

When no width parameter is specified, it defaults to a width of 220.

Occasionally a second image might be added to show the chemical structure in a different format. Use the optional image2 parameter for this. Hence the Paracetamol article uses:

 | image            = Paracetamol-skeletal.png 
 | image2           = Paracetamol-3D.png

An alt2 parameter specifies the alt text for the second image. image2 generally uses the same width settings as the first image, i.e. as defined by width otherwise a default value of 220. A specific width2 may though be applied.

| image = 
| width = 
| alt = 
| image2 = 
| width2 = 
| alt2 = 
| caption = 
| imageL = 
| widthL = 
| altL = 
| imageR=
| widthR = 
| altR = 
| captionLR = 

临床数据[编辑]

| tradename =  
| Drugs.com =
| MedlinePlus =
  • tradename – comma separated list of tradenames
  • Drugs.com – link to Drugs.com monograph
  • MedlinePlus – MedlinePlus drug accession number
怀孕分级[编辑]
See also pregnancy category, documentation for extensive documentation

Pregnancy Categorisation has been previously declared using just the pregnancy_category parameter with a variety of markup styles used to indicate various countries and their classifications. Alternatively pregnancy_AU and pregnancy_US may be set to the fixed categories. For Australia values permitted are: A, B1, B2, B3, C, D or X (note if just set to 'B' then B? is shown). For US values permitted are: A, B, C, D or X.

Note the UK does not have official designated categorisations, but has both a variety of standard phrases with explanatory qualifications, plus many individual descriptions. pregnancy_category may still be used with the country-specific parameters as it is appended afterwards, allowing backwards compatibility for articles that only define this parameter, or for the future with free-text of other information.

Hence

  | pregnancy_AU = B1
  | pregnancy_AU_comment = any text
  | pregnancy_US = C
  | pregnancy_US_comment = any text
  | pregnancy_category = Used in pregnancy against [[Pregnancy-induced hypertension|PIH]]

returns:

  • AU: B1 any text
  • US: C (不排除有风险的可能) any text
  • Used in pregnancy against PIH
法律信息[编辑]
See also: {{Infobox drug/legal status}} for extensive documentation.

Legal status has been previously declared using just the legal_status parameter with a variety of markup styles used to indicate various countries and their classifications. Alternatively legal_AU, legal_EU legal_CA, legal_NZ, legal_UK, legal_UN, and legal_US may be set to the fixed options in the table hereafter. The template will ensure the categorisation is shown correctly capitalised, use Unicode Rx symbol and add a linked 2-letter country code as per WP:MOS. legal_status may still be used with the country-specific parameters as it is appended afterwards, allowing backwards compatibility for articles that only define this parameter, or for the future with free-text of other information.

Hence

| legal_AU     = S2
| legal_AU_comment = any text
| legal_CA     = 
| legal_UK     = gsl
| legal_US     = Rx-only
| legal_EU     =
| legal_UN     =
| legal_NZ     = 
| legal_status = Not marketed in [[Asia]]

Returns:

Note: if a drug is restricted everywhere to prescription-only, please set legal_status = Rx-only rather than similarly define for each and every country ('Rx-only' is specifically recognised by legal_status and shows as Prescription only)

依赖性[编辑]

Optional parameters Dependence liability and Addiction_liability allow opioids or benzodiazepines to be flagged with the risk of becoming dependent/addicted upon them, although in many cases this may be somewhat subjective. Drugs should be rated as Low, Medium, High or Extremely high:

| dependency_liability = High
| addiction_liabiliy = High
Licensing information[编辑]

There are two major licensing authorities that make drug information easily accessible: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). NB: The word "licence" is the noun in British English, "license" is the verb.

The FDA "Label Information" and the EMA "Product Information", where available, are very detailed. There is material aimed at the professional and also plain-English consumer information. These are excellent reliable source for article information but also contains much that makes it a worthwhile "External link" since there is no way one can include all the info. Both sites work using of the brand name of the drug but the FDA site also allows searches with the generic name (active ingredient), which lists generic variants where they are licensed.

| licence_EU = <!-- EMA requires brand name --> 
| licence_US = <!-- FDA may use generic name -->  

Lists of products and the parameter term to use may be easily searched for:

  • European Public Assessment Reports: SiteMap, authorised products A–Z: human, veterinary
    When items are composed of more than one word, licence_EU uses adjoined words (i.e. no spaces); e.g. infanrixpenta for Infanrix Penta.
  • Drugs@FDA Search by Drug Name or Active Ingredient
    Where items are composed of more than one word, licence_US requires an underscore '_' in place of any spaces; e.g. Acyclovir_Sodium.

More patient friendly than the FDA's pages is Daily Med which reproduces the same details. The DailyMedID parameter, where specified, is shown in preference to the licence_US direct FDA link. Daily Med entries may be located at Search By Drug Name, e.g. for Furosemide

| DailyMedID = 3940

Pharmacokinetic data and routes of administration[编辑]

These parameters should be filled in because they contain important information about a drug. Use wikilinks for values that the general reader might not understand (e. g. hepatic, CYP3A4, intraperitoneal).

 | bioavailability   = 
 | protein_bound     = 
 | metabolism        = 
 | onset             = 
 | elimination_half-life = 
 | excretion         = 
 | routes_of_administration = 

识别号[编辑]

DrugBank[编辑]

The DrugBank primary accession number (consisting of a 2 letter prefix (DB) and a 5 number suffix). Secondary accession numbers with a 4 letter suffix (APRD, EXPT, BIOD, NUTR) should not normally be used.

PubChem[编辑]

When available, the PubChem compound identifier (CID) should be used because it is unique for each chemical compound:

| PubChem        = 4091  <!-- Metformin -->

Make sure you choose the right CID: Often PubChem compound entries differ only very slightly, for example by an additional hydratation water or by a carbon atom with unspecified stereochemistry.

If no CID is available, which is usually the case when there is no structural information on PubChem, you may use one of the substance identifiers (SIDs):

| PubChemSubstance    = 10099  <!-- Etanercept -->

The box won't display both CID and SID to avoid list cruft.

Other identifiers[编辑]

The following identifiers are also supported:

ATC, ATCvet and CAS[编辑]

Where the drug is not included in ATC coding system (as opposed to its value just not been entered into the template) then set ATC_prefix to 'none', and the article is automatically added to Category:Drugs not assigned an ATC code rather than Category:Drugboxes with an unspecified ATC code:

| ATC_prefix        = none

Additional ATC or CAS codes may be included with the optional ATC_supplemental & CAS_supplement parameter as a comma-separated lists. CAS or ATC templates may be used to have these additional codes link to the relevant databases:

| CAS_supplemental ={{CAS|427-51-0}} (acetate)
| ATC_supplemental ={{ATC|M02|AA15}}, {{ATC|S01|BC03}}  

Adds the following linked codes:

For CAS -

427-51-0 (acetate)

For ATC - M02AA15, S01BC03

Veterinary drugs are placed in a slightly different classification system, ATCvet. The code may be specified as ATCvet by setting the parameter ATCvet to 'yes'. Do not include the leading 'Q' in ATC_prefix:

| ATCvet            = yes 
| ATC_prefix        = N05
| ATC_suffix        = AX90
verifiedrevidXXX_Ref 参数[编辑]

verifiedrevid, as well as parameters like CAS_number_Ref, StdInChI_Ref, etc., are used by the Chembox/Drugbox validation process.

化学数据[编辑]

化学式[编辑]

You can provide the chemical formula as either the default

| chemical_formula =

or by setting atom counts for each element, in these parameters:

| C= | H= | Ag= | Al= | As= | Au= | B= | Bi= | Br= | Ca= | Cl= | Co= | F= | Fe= | Gd= | I=
| K= | Li= | Mg= | Mn= | N= | Na= | O= | P= | Pt= | S= | Sb= | Se= | Sr= | Tc= | Zn= | charge=

E.g.

| C=2 | H=6 | O=1

gives

Formula C2H6O

Irrespective of the order of assigning values to the constituent parameters, the formula is displayed with elements in the hereinbefore order. The charge parameter, if defined, is shown superscripted.

E.g.

| C=2 | O=1 | H=6 | charge=+

is identical to next line

| C=2 | H=6 | O=1 | charge=+

giving

Formula C2H6O+

|molecular_weight= is available for the molecular mass.

其他化学数据[编辑]

Additional chemical data fields are SMILES and standard InChI (optionally oncluding a comment and standard InChIKey).

| smiles            =
| StdInChI          =
| StdInChI_comment  =
| StdInChIKey       =
物理数据[编辑]

This is an entirely optional section, and for most drugs is not helpful to the wider readership. Only include if information of particular interest for the drug as to its chemical propersites (e.g. in its manufacture or as an important chemical in its own right, e.g. Aspirin). If any of the following optional parameters are defined then a new section header of 'Physical data' is shown.

| density           = 
| melting_point     = 
| boiling_point     = 
| solubility        = 
| specific_rotation = 
| sec_combustion    = 

The template will add the following to the numeric values provided:

  • Density - added 'g/cm3'
  • Melting or Boiling points - added '°C' along with calculated converted value in °F.
  • Solubility - added 'mg/mL (20 °C)'

Hence:

| melting_point = 100

gives:

Melting point 100 °C (212 °F)

In addition, where the melting point occurs over a range of temperatures, use melting_high for the upper value.

Hence:

| melting_point = 100
| melting_high  = 104

gives:

Melting point 100–104 °C (212–219 °F)

Comments can be added to the melting and boiling point entries using melting_notes and boiling_notes.

Hence:

| boiling_point = 100
| boiling_notes = (sublimes)

gives:

Boiling point 100 °C (212 °F) (sublimes)

Section overview by |type= options[编辑]

Template:Infobox drug/doc/type-conditional sections

已知问题[编辑]

维护用分类[编辑]

参见[编辑]