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圣费尔南多谷

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圣费尔南多谷
San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley vista.jpg
从圣费尔南多谷望向东北方
位于伍德兰山英语Woodland Hills, Los Angeles托潘加山山顶瞭望公园
San Fernando Valley Chineser Version.jpg
面积670平方公里(260平方英里)
命名
原名El Valle de Santa Catalina de Bononia de los Encinos西班牙語
地理
位置 美國加利福尼亚州洛杉矶县
坐标34°14′19″N 118°27′46″W / 34.238486°N 118.462831°W / 34.238486; -118.462831坐标34°14′19″N 118°27′46″W / 34.238486°N 118.462831°W / 34.238486; -118.462831

圣费尔南多谷(英語:San Fernando Valley)是一个位于美国加利福尼亚州洛杉矶都会区洛杉矶县的都市化山谷,其范围包括由横向山脉英语Transverse Ranges所围绕的地区。圣费尔南多谷内有居民177万人,其南面与面积更大、人口众多的洛杉矶盆地英语Los Angeles Basin接壤。圣费尔南多谷内近三分之二的土地隶属于洛杉矶市;而其他部分则分属于格伦代尔伯班克圣费尔南多希登希尔斯卡拉巴萨斯等市。

地理特征[编辑]

柏本克
月份 1月 2月 3月 4月 5月 6月 7月 8月 9月 10月 11月 12月 全年
历史最高温 °F(°C) 92
(33)
92
(33)
98
(37)
105
(41)
107
(42)
111
(44)
114
(46)
111
(44)
114
(46)
108
(42)
102
(39)
95
(35)
114
(46)
平均高温 °F(°C) 67.5
(19.7)
68.7
(20.4)
70.4
(21.3)
73.7
(23.2)
76.6
(24.8)
81.4
(27.4)
88.3
(31.3)
89.0
(31.7)
87.2
(30.7)
80.9
(27.2)
73.7
(23.2)
67.9
(19.9)
77.1
(25.1)
平均低温 °F(°C) 41.7
(5.4)
43.5
(6.4)
45.7
(7.6)
48.9
(9.4)
53.5
(11.9)
57.3
(14.1)
61.2
(16.2)
61.4
(16.3)
59.2
(15.1)
53.3
(11.8)
46.0
(7.8)
41.6
(5.3)
51.1
(10.6)
历史最低温 °F(°C) 22
(−6)
27
(−3)
23
(−5)
32
(0)
39
(4)
43
(6)
45
(7)
46
(8)
43
(6)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
22
(−6)
22
(−6)
平均降水量 英寸(mm) 3.35
(85)
3.84
(98)
2.84
(72)
1.17
(30)
0.27
(6.9)
0.07
(1.8)
0.01
(0.25)
0.10
(2.5)
0.20
(5.1)
0.60
(15)
1.51
(38)
2.34
(59)
16.29
(414)
数据来源:[4]
伍德蘭山英语Woodland Hills, Los Angeles
月份 1月 2月 3月 4月 5月 6月 7月 8月 9月 10月 11月 12月 全年
历史最高温 °F(°C) 93
(34)
94
(34)
101
(38)
105
(41)
113
(45)
113
(45)
119
(48)
116
(47)
121
(49)
110
(43)
101
(38)
96
(36)
121
(49)
平均高温 °F(°C) 67
(19)
69
(21)
71
(22)
77
(25)
80
(27)
87
(31)
93
(34)
95
(35)
90
(32)
83
(28)
73
(23)
67
(19)
79
(26)
平均低温 °F(°C) 41
(5)
42
(6)
43
(6)
45
(7)
49
(9)
53
(12)
56
(13)
57
(14)
55
(13)
50
(10)
43
(6)
39
(4)
48
(9)
历史最低温 °F(°C) 19
(−7)
18
(−8)
26
(−3)
30
(−1)
33
(1)
36
(2)
42
(6)
42
(6)
38
(3)
27
(−3)
23
(−5)
20
(−7)
18
(−8)
平均降水量 英寸(mm) 4.27
(108)
4.26
(108)
3.63
(92)
0.85
(22)
0.30
(7.6)
0.06
(1.5)
0.02
(0.51)
0.16
(4.1)
0.26
(6.6)
0.60
(15)
1.47
(37)
2.32
(59)
18.20
(462)
数据来源:[5]

政治概况[编辑]

发展历史[编辑]

公园场所[编辑]

市政社区[编辑]

经济情况[编辑]

交通运输[编辑]

教育[编辑]

文化[编辑]

医疗保健[编辑]

獨立與分裂[编辑]

人口统计[编辑]

地产价值[编辑]

相关条目[编辑]

地點

資訊

鄰近地區

社會學

参考资料[编辑]

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  3. ^ L. C. Holmes. Soil survey of the San Fernando Valley area, California. Government Printing Office. 1917: 12 [8 August 2012]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-30). 
  4. ^ Burbank Valley Pump, California (041194). Western Regional Climate Center. [9 July 2021]. (原始内容存档于2022-04-02). 
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  9. ^ Prehistoric milling site found in California. USA Today. March 4, 2006 [August 8, 2012]. (原始内容存档于2011-05-23). 
  10. ^ Jake Klein. Then & Now: San Fernando Valley. Gibbs Smith. 1 June 2003: 5 [8 August 2012]. ISBN 978-1-58685-229-0. (原始内容存档于2020-12-16). 
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  17. ^ Davis, Margaret Leslie. Rivers in the Desert. 1993: 92 [2022-02-27]. ISBN 1-58586-137-5. (原始内容存档于2020-08-18). 
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  19. ^ Mulholland, Catherine. The Owensmouth Baby - The Making of the San Fernando Valley Santa Susana Press, California, 1987; p. 18-20.
  20. ^ Judith R. Raftery. Land of Fair Promise: Politics and Reform in Los Angeles Schools 1885 – 1941. Stanford University Press. 1992: 112 [7 May 2013]. ISBN 978-0-8047-1930-8. (原始内容存档于2020-11-06). 
  21. ^ 21.0 21.1 Marc Wanamaker. San Fernando Valley. Arcadia Publishing. 27 June 2011 [7 May 2013]. ISBN 978-0-7385-7157-7. (原始内容存档于2020-08-19). 
  22. ^ Winston Winford Crouch; Beatrice Dinerman. Southern California Metropolis: A Study of Government for a Metropolitan Area. University of California Press. 1963: 156 [7 May 2013]. GGKEY:DB4Q1TGU95T. (原始内容存档于2021-01-17). 
  23. ^ Kotkin, Joel; Ozuna, Erika. The Changing Face of the San Fernando Valley (PDF). Pepperdine University. Pepperdine University. [21 January 2015]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2020-09-25). 
  24. ^ Demarest, Michael. Living: How Toe-dully Max Is Their Valley. Time. September 27, 1982 [September 15, 2018]. (原始内容存档于October 15, 2010). 
  25. ^ Barrymore, Drew. Wildflower. New York: Dutton. 2015: 2; 7. ISBN 9781101983799. OCLC 904421431. As if I had been lobotomized, we packed our things and moved into our new home, indeed in Sherman Oaks, in 1983. It's why I still talk like a valley girl. That cadence snuck into my life at that spongelike age of eight and never left. 
  26. ^ Significant Earthquakes and Faults, Northridge Earthquake. Southern California Earthquake Data Center. [October 6, 2014]. (原始内容存档于October 6, 2014). 
  27. ^ David J. Wald; et al. The Slip History of the 1994 Northridge, California, Earthquake Determined from Strong Ground Motion, Teleseismic, GPS, and Leveling Data. Bulletin of the Seismic Society of America. [August 8, 2012]. (原始内容存档于July 9, 2012). 
  28. ^ Archived copy. [2014-10-06]. (原始内容存档于2014-10-06). 
  29. ^ The January 17, 1994 Northridge, CA Earthquake. EQE. March 1994 [August 8, 2012]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-06). 
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  31. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为:0的参考文献提供内容
  32. ^ City Boundary. geohub.lacity.org. [2021-05-20]. (原始内容存档于2022-04-06) (英语). 
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  35. ^ Robinson, Melia. How LA's 'Porn Valley' became the adult entertainment capital of the world. Business Insider. September 29, 2017 [2021-11-20]. (原始内容存档于2022-04-15) (美国英语). 
  36. ^ Porn industry still at home in San Fernando Valley despite condom laws, Web, piracy. Daily News. 2015-01-12 [2021-11-20]. (原始内容存档于2017-08-16) (美国英语). 
  37. ^ Johnstone, Mark; Holzman, Leslie Aboud. Epicenter: San Francisco Bay Area Art Now. Chronicle Books. 2002: 234 [2022-02-27]. ISBN 0811835413. (原始内容存档于2020-10-01). [...] the San Fernando Valley, also known as The Valley [...] Although San Fernando Valley in this context is snidely referred to as Silicone Valley and the Valley of Sin [...] 
  38. ^ Gardetta, Dave, Los Angeles Magazine: 142, December 1998 [2022-02-27], (原始内容存档于2022-04-06) 
  39. ^ Pilkington, Ed. US porn industry thrown into crisis after actor tests positive for HIV. The Guardian. 13 October 2010 [2022-02-27]. (原始内容存档于2017-05-25). The San Fernando valley has become the focal point of the porn industry since the 1970s. It has been dubbed the San Pornando valley and Silicone Valley, a play on the prevalence on artificially enhanced breasts. 
  40. ^ Derudder, Ben. International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities. Edward Elgar Publishing. 2012: 301 [2022-02-27]. ISBN 9781781001011. (原始内容存档于2022-04-06). [...] the acknowledged centre of porn has, since the 1970s, been San Fernando (or Silicone Valley, as it is sometimes dubbed), which currently accounts for around two thirds of listed adult entertainment production studios [...] 
  41. ^ Altman, Dennis. Global Sex. University of Chicago Press. 2010: 117 [2022-02-27]. ISBN 9780226016047. (原始内容存档于2016-05-06). Most of the U.S. pornography industry is centered in Los Angeles's San Fernando Valley north of Hollywood, so much so that one area is known locally as Silicone Valley. 
  42. ^ Lasica, J. D. Darknet: Hollywood's war against the digital generation. Wiley. 18 April 2005: 157 [8 August 2012]. ISBN 978-0-471-68334-6. (原始内容存档于2020-08-20). 
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延伸阅读[编辑]

外部链接[编辑]