蝾螺属

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
蠑螺屬
Turbo marmoratus light 2.jpg
從不同角度觀看一隻夜光蠑螺Turbo marmoratus)的外殼
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
總目: 古腹足总目 Vetigastropoda
目: 鐘螺目 Trochida
总科: 鐘螺總科 Trochoidea
科: 蠑螺科 Turbinidae
亚科: 蠑螺亞科 Turbininae
属: 蠑螺屬 Turbo
Linnaeus, 1758[1][2]
模式种
Turbo petholatus Linnaeus, 1758
異名[3]
  • Dinassovica Iredale, 1937
  • Fornax Jousseaume, 1888 (invalid: junior homonym of Fornax Laporte, 1835 [Coleoptera])
  • Halopsephus Rehder, 1943
  • Laeviturbo Cossmann, 1918
  • Lunatica Röding, 1798
  • Turbo (Aspilaturbo) S.T. Williams, 2008
  • Turbo (Batillus) Schumacher, 1817
  • Turbo (Callopoma) Gray, 1850
  • Turbo (Carswellena) Iredale, 1931
  • Turbo (Chaenoturbo) McLean, 1970
  • Turbo (Dinassovica) Iredale, 1937
  • Turbo (Emilioturbo) Ortea & Espinosa, 1996
  • Turbo (Euninella) Cotton, 1939
  • Turbo (Halopsephus) Rehder, 1943
  • Turbo (Lunatica) Röding, 1798
  • Turbo (Marmarostoma) Swainson, 1829
  • Turbo (Modelia) Gray, 1850
  • Turbo (Ocana) H. Adams, 1861
  • Turbo (Sarmaticus) Gray, 1847
  • Turbo (Senectus) Swainson, 1840
  • Turbo (Turbo) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Varostium Iredale, 1938

蝾螺属(学名:Turbo)是一種大型海螺,其物種舊屬原始腹足目,是一類有着口蓋海洋腹足綱軟體動物系統分類學上是是蝾螺科的成員,也是這個科的模式屬[3]

主要分布于马来西亚印度尼西亚中国大陆台湾,常栖息在碎砾石海底水深4-20米、潮下带[4]

分類[编辑]

根據Alf et al. (2003)[5],本屬可以再細分為16個亞屬,總計有66個物種和五個亞屬。

物種[编辑]

根據WoRMS[3]、Alf et al. (2003)[5]ITIS[6],本屬包括下列各物種:

The following species were brought into synonymy:[8]

Shell and operculum of Turbo tuberculosus

The following species are nomina nuda (names not published with an adequate description):[8]

  • Turbo curvatus Chiereghini MS, Brusina, 1870 (nomen nudum): accepted as Eulima philippii Weinkauff, 1868

The following species are alternate representation:[8]

  • Turbo setosus Gmelin, 1843 represented as Turbo setosus Gmelin, 1791 (alternate representation)

The following species are nomina dubia (names of unknown or doubtful application):[8]

  • Turbo articulatus Reeve, 1848 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo concinnus Philippi, 1846 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo crellenus Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo disjunctus Anton, 1838 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo elegans Philippi, 1846 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo margaritaceus Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo pustulatus Brocchi, 1821 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo variabilis Reeve, 1842 (nomen dubium)
臨時名稱
  • Turbo geniculatus Brocchi, 1814

參看[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Linnaeus, Carl. Systema Naturae 10. 1758: 761. 
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl. Systema Naturae 12. 1767: 1232. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 WoRMS. Turbo Linnaeus, 1758. World Register of Marine Species. [2018-01-30]. 
  4. ^ 国际贝库:夜光蝾螺. 台湾贝类资料库. [2009-08-11]. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Alf, A.; Kreipl, K.; Poppe, G. T. The Family Turbinidae, Subfamily Turbininae, Genus Turbo.. (编) Poppe G. T.; Groh K. A Conchological Iconography. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 2003: 68. ISBN 3-925919-27-9 (英语). 
  6. ^ Turbo. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (英语). 
  7. ^ 皇冠蠑螺. 臺灣貝類資料庫世界常見海貝. [2015-02-06] (中文(繁體)‎). 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 引用错误:没有为名为WoRMS的参考文献提供内容
  • Williams, S.T. (2007). Origins and diversification of Indo-West Pacific marine fauna: evolutionary history and biogeography of turban shells (Gastropoda, Turbinidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 92, 573–592.
  • Williams S. (2008) The calcareous operculum as a character for defining subgenera in the marine gastropod genus Turbo. Vita Malacologica 7: 1-13. [16 December 2008]

外部連結[编辑]