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Template:Infobox medical condition

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{{{name}}}
同义词{{{synonyms}}}
[[File:{{{image}}}|{{{image_size}}}|alt={{{alt}}}|upright=1.36|{{{alt}}}]]
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读音
  • {{{pronounce}}}{{{pronounce ref}}} {{{pronounce comment}}}
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症状{{{symptoms}}}
併發症{{{complications}}}
常見始發於{{{onset}}}
病程{{{duration}}}
肇因{{{causes}}}
风险因子{{{risks}}}
診斷方法{{{diagnosis}}}
相似疾病或共病{{{differential}}}
預防{{{prevention}}}
治療{{{treatment}}}
藥物{{{medication}}}
预后{{{prognosis}}}
盛行率{{{frequency}}}
死亡數{{{deaths}}}
醫學專科{{{specialty}}}
備註{{{Notes}}}
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{{Infobox medical condition
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范例

心肌梗塞
Myocardial infarction
同义词Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart attack
AMI scheme.png
心肌梗死的圖,由於左冠状动脉(LCA)有一個分支堵塞(位置(1)處),造成心前壁顶端(位置(2))梗死,圖中的RCA是右冠状动脉英语right coronary arteries
症状胸痛呼吸困难噁心頭暈昏厥前期英语presyncope冒冷汗疲倦[1]
併發症心臟衰竭心律不整心因性休克心搏停止
肇因通常是冠狀動脈疾病
风险因子高血壓吸菸糖尿病缺乏運動英语lack of exercise肥胖症高膽固醇血症
診斷方法心电图(ECG)、血液檢查、冠狀動脈造影英语coronary angiography
治療经皮冠状动脉介入治疗血栓溶解英语thrombolysis
藥物阿司匹林硝酸甘油肝素
预后ST 時段上升心肌梗塞(STEMI)有10%死亡的風險(已開發國家)
盛行率1.59千萬(2015年)
死亡數1.6千萬人(2015年)[2]
醫學專科心臟病學
{{Infobox medical condition
| name            = 心肌梗塞<br/>Myocardial infarction
| synonyms        = Acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart attack
| image           = AMI scheme.png
| caption         = 心肌梗死的圖,由於[[左冠状动脉]](LCA)有一個分支堵塞(位置(1)處),造成[[心脏的胸肋面|心前壁]]顶端(位置(2))梗死,圖中的RCA是{{tsl|en|right coronary arteries|右冠状动脉}}。
| field           = [[心臟病學]]
| symptoms        = [[胸痛]]、[[呼吸困难]]、[[噁心]]、[[頭暈]]、{{tsl|en|presyncope|昏厥前期}}、[[汗液|冒冷汗]]、[[疲倦]]<ref name=HLB2014>{{cite web|title=What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease?|url=http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad/signs|website=www.nhlbi.nih.gov|accessdate=23 February 2015|date=September 29, 2014|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150224034615/http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad/signs|archive-date=2015-02-24|dead-url=yes}}</ref>
| complications   = [[心臟衰竭]]、[[心律不整]]、[[心因性休克]]、[[心搏停止]]
| causes          = 通常是[[冠狀動脈疾病]]
| risks           = [[高血壓]]、[[吸菸]]、[[糖尿病]]、{{tsl|en|lack of exercise||缺乏運動}}、[[肥胖症]]、[[高膽固醇血症]]
| diagnosis       = [[心电图]](ECG)、[[血液]]檢查、{{tsl|en|coronary angiography|冠狀動脈造影}}
| treatment       = [[经皮冠状动脉介入治疗]]、{{tsl|en|thrombolysis|血栓溶解}}
| medication      = [[阿司匹林]]、[[硝酸甘油 (藥物)|硝酸甘油]]、[[肝素]]
| prognosis       = ST 時段上升心肌梗塞(STEMI)有10%死亡的風險(已開發國家)
| frequency       = 1.59千萬(2015年)
| deaths          = 1.6千萬人(2015年)<ref name=GBD2015Pre>{{cite journal|last1=GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence|first1=Collaborators.|title=Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.|journal=Lancet|date=2016-10-08|volume=388|issue=10053|pages=1545–1602|pmid=27733282|doi=10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6|pmc=5055577}}</ref>
}}

参考文献

  1. ^ What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease?. www.nhlbi.nih.gov. September 29, 2014 [23 February 2015]. (原始内容存档于2015-02-24). 
  2. ^ GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.. Lancet. 2016-10-08, 388 (10053): 1545–1602. PMC 5055577可免费查阅. PMID 27733282. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. 

模板数据

这是用于新版可视化编辑器及其他工具的模板数据文档。

Infobox medical condition模板数据

A template for any medical condition defined in the ICD or any of several other indexes

模板参数

此模板首选参数换行格式。

参数描述类型状态
NamenameName

Name of the condition, usually should match title of article

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SynonymssynonymsSynonymssynonymSynonym

One or several other terms that mean the same

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ImageimageImage

An illustrative image file, if any is available

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Alt textaltAlt

Text to replace image for readers who cannot view it

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Image captioncaptionCaption

Description of the image

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Image sizeimage_sizeWidthwidth

Width of the image in pixels

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PronunciationpronouncePronouncepronunciationPronunciation

One or several pronunciations

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SpecialtyspecialtyFieldfieldSpecialtyspecialitySpeciality

Medical specialty that treats the disease

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