Tesla Cybertruck

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Tesla Cybertruck
Tesla Cybertruck outside unveil modified by Smnt.jpg
概览
制造商 特斯拉
别称
  • * Cybertruck[1]
    • Cybrtrk[2]
    • 赛博卡车
    • 特斯拉卡车
    • 特斯拉皮卡
设计师
车身及底盘
车辆类别
車體風格 多边形
动力布局 后置后驱
全轮驱动
相关车型 Tesla Model X

Tesla Cybertruck又称Cybrtrk赛博皮卡,是特斯拉公司研发的即将上市的纯电动轻型商用车英语light commercial vehicle。特斯拉公司在发布会上共公布了三个型号,基础款为单电机后轮驱动,续航里程为400km,0至60迈英语0 to 60 mph加速时间为6.5秒;性能款双电机全轮驱动版本续航里程为480km,加速时间为4.5秒;最高性能款为三电机全轮驱动续航里程为800km,加速时间为2.9秒。[5]

美国平均日销售的皮卡约为6500辆,特斯拉公司称其研发Cybertruck的动机是为了取代这些燃烧化石燃料的皮卡。[6][7] Cybertruck车身使用不锈钢材质。[3]

基础型售价为$39,900,四驱型售价为$49,900起。[8][9]

特性[编辑]

CyberTruck采用自调平悬挂系统英语self-levelling suspension,可以在不同载重情况下自我调节。驱动方面,该皮卡有后轮驱动全轮驱动款型可供选择。[10]除此以外的标准配置包括车载逆变器,拥有110V和220V插座,不再需要移动小型发电机。[11] ;配备气动工具空气压缩机[12]所有型号均搭载特斯拉自动驾驶英语Tesla Autopilot,并且在硬件上支持完全自动驾驶。目前在特斯拉网站预订可以选择增加¥56000元(美国为$7000)升级至“完全自动驾驶”。[13]

车身为不鏽鋼材质防弹英语Bulletproofing外壳,可以阻挡9 mm口径英语9 mm caliber子弹射击。[14][15]

伊隆·马斯克在采访时称,这款皮卡密封性强,可以进行机舱增压英语cabin pressurization或作为两栖车辆使用,甚至可以在火星行驶,[16][17]但在产品发布会并未提及。

设计[编辑]

参数[编辑]

CyberTruck所有型号均支持250kW以上的特斯拉超级充电桩英语Tesla Supercharger,并搭载自动驾驶英语Tesla Autopilot、自适应空气悬挂和车载120V/220V插座。[18]

汽车车身与其称作底盘,更应该叫做外骨骼。《Motor Trend英语Motor Trend》注意到多边形的车身是由3毫米厚的301英语SAE steel grades不鏽鋼折叠成的单片式汽车车身英语unibody,而传统的分离式车架英语body-on-frame结构中,汽车的曲线车身由冲压成型后安装至底盘。其独特的造型被拿来与毕加索立体主义德罗宁汽车公司DeLorean英语DMC DeLorean克莱斯勒Airflow英语Chrysler Airflow作比较。Cybertruck的动力总成系统与Model SModel X类似,后置驱动使用感应电机,前置驱动使用Model 3类似的永磁电机。[19][20]

与特斯拉其他型号汽车类似,CyberTruck也为客户提供自定义选项。顾客在预订时可以选择升级为完全自动驾驶。[5][20]

特斯拉Cybertruck型号及参数[5]
型号 续航里程(预估) 0至60迈加速时间 最高速度 载重量 牵引能力 售价
单电机后轮驱动 250+英里/400公里 <6.5秒 110英里每小时 3,500磅/1500千克 7,500+磅/3.1吨 $39,900
双电机全轮驱动 300+英里/482公里 <4.5秒 120英里每小时 3,500磅/1500千克 10,000+磅/4.5吨 $49,900
三电机全轮驱动 500+英里/800公里 <2.9秒 130英里每小时 3,500磅/1500千克 14,000+磅/6.3吨 $69,900

所有型号均拥有独立存储空间和货仓。存储空间体积为100立方英尺(2.8立方米),货舱长为6.5英尺(2.0米)。作为一款越野车,车底盘离地16英寸(40厘米),接近角英语Approach and departure angles为35度,离去角英语Approach and departure angles为28度。[5]特斯拉尚未提供具体马力和车身重量参数,但据估算动力约为775马力[21],整车重量约为2.72吨。

参见[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ US trademark 88682192 Cybertruck, filed 2019-11-06.
  2. ^ US trademark 88682748 Cybrtrk, filed 2019-11-06.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Musk, ElonJohnson, Eric. . Full Q&A: Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk on Recode Decode (full question and answer). Recode英语Recode. 2018-11-05. 
  4. ^ Panait, Mircea. Tesla Model Zero Envisioned By Cyberpunk Pickup Truck Designer Sahm Jafari. Auto Evolution. 2019-10-29. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Design Your Cybertruck. Tesla website. 2019-11-22 [2019-11-22]. 
  6. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. Tesla priority is electrification of cars, so priority is Model S, Model X, then mass market third gen vehicle & truck (推文). 2013-05-07 [2019-11-20] –通过Twitter. 
  7. ^ Musk, Elon. Elon Musk: The Recode interview. Recode英语Recode. 2018-11-05. "personally most excited about the pickup truck. … futuristic-like cyberpunk, "Blade Runner英语Blade Runner (franchise)" pickup truck. … don't know if a lot of people will buy this pickup truck or not, but I don’t care. … We wanna get gasoline, diesel pickup trucks off the road. … it's the thing that I am personally most fired up about" 
  8. ^ Musk, Elon. Episode 200: My Elon Musk Interview (offset 51:02) (訪談者 : Ryan McCaffrey), Ride the Lightning. Tesla Headquarters, Palo Alto, California. 2019-05-29. 
  9. ^ Kolodny, Lora. Tesla unveils its first electric pickup, the Cybertruck, starting at $39,900. CNBC. 2019-11-21 [2019-11-22]. 
  10. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. The Tesla Truck will have dual motor all-wheel drive w crazy torque & a suspension that dynamically adjusts for load. Those will be standard. (推文). 2018-06-26 –通过Twitter. 
  11. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. Pickup truck will have power outlets allowing use of heavy duty 240V, high power tools in field all day. No generator needed. (推文). 2018-06-26 –通过Twitter. 
  12. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. Wow, great idea! Since it will already have a Tesla pneumatics system, it totally makes sense to add a utility port. (推文). 2018-06-27 –通过Twitter. 
  13. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. It will parallel park automatically & have 360 degree cameras & sonar (推文). 2018-06-24 –通过Twitter. 
  14. ^ Musk, Elon. Elon Musk's Complete interview at Air Force Space Pitch Day. Space Pitch Day. San Francisco. 2019-11-05 [2019-11-12]. 
  15. ^ Ireson, Nelson. Is the Tesla Cybertruck *Really* Bulletproof?. Motor Trend英语Motor Trend. 2019-11-22. "If fully hardened, 3mm of 301 stainless is more than adequate to stop any 9mm Luger round I can think of.." said Iain Harrison, editor-in-chief of Recoil as well as a competitive shooter and former British Army captain. .. windshield. We tested its strength by dropping weighed metal spheres from various heights. It didn't break 
  16. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. Tesla Cybertruck (pressurized edition) will be official truck of Mars (推文). 2019-11-21 –通过Twitter. 
  17. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk]. Cybertruck design influenced partly by The Spy Who Loved Me (推文). 2019-11-21 –通过Twitter. 
  18. ^ Lambert, Fred. Tesla unveils Cybertruck: electric pickup with range up to 500 miles, starting price of $39,900, & more. Electrek. 2019-11-22 [2019-11-22] (美国英语). 
  19. ^ Reynolds, Kim. How Tesla's Cybertruck Turns Auto Manufacturing and Engineering Upside-Down. Motor Trend英语Motor Trend. 2019-11-22. 
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 Seabaugh, Christian. How Fast is the Tesla Cybertruck? And How Much Can It Tow?. Motor Trend. 2019-11-22. 
  21. ^ Tesla CyberTruck: Instant Report. UpShift. 2019-11-22 [2019-11-22] (英语).