嘻哈音乐

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嘻哈音乐英语:Hip-hop Music, 也叫做 hip-hop[1][2]rap music,[2][3][4]),是一种音乐的风格,诞生于美国1970年代,并于1980年代成为大众流行文化之一。包含两个主要部份说唱音乐/饶舌,和唱片骑师/刮碟英语scratching,伴随著地板舞(尤其是霹雳舞)和街头艺术涂鸦,构成嘻哈文化的四个元素,其它元素包括sampling (或合成器),和节奏口技。此类文化始于1970年代早期的贫民区的青年,其中大多数是纽约的非裔美国人[5]

历史时期[编辑]

类型体裁[编辑]

*:锐舞文化的一部分
**:融合了流行音乐嘻哈灵魂乐节奏蓝调福音音乐
***:当代节奏蓝调的次类型和融合了嘻哈与灵魂乐

泛北美地区[编辑]

美国地区的流派

中西部[编辑]

东部[编辑]

南部[编辑]

西部[编辑]

世界其它地区[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from merriam-webster.com: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Encyclopædia Britannica article on rap, retrieved from britannica.com: Rap, musical style in which rhythmic and/or rhyming speech is chanted (“rapped”) to musical accompaniment. This backing music, which can include digital sampling (music and sounds extracted from other recordings), is also called hip-hop, the name used to refer to a broader cultural movement that includes rap, deejaying (turntable manipulation), graffiti painting, and break dancing.
  3. ^ AllMusic article for rap, retrieved from AllMusic.com
  4. ^ Harvard Dictionary of Music article for rap, retrieved from CredoReference
  5. ^ Bambaataa, Afrika. Bambaataa's Statement. [2006-06-10].