壯傣語支

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台語支
地理分佈: 南中國廣西貴州雲南廣東)、東南亞
谱系学分类 壯侗語系
分支:
北部
中部
西南部
ISO 639-2 / 5 tai

台語支(又称泰語支傣語支壮傣语支壮泰语支壮台语支)是壯侗語系侗台語族中的一个語支,卽汉藏语系传统分类中壮侗语族壮傣语支的语言。包括壮语布依语傣语(在中國境內)、泰语老挝语掸语岱依语侬语坎梯语阿豪姆语(均不在中國境內)等。说台語的民族统称台語民族

台語和泰語[编辑]

泰語泰国的一种语言。泰是泰族的自称,泰语ไทย [tʰaj˥˧],英语作Thai。台语是对台语支语言的统称,包括泰语和其他众多语言。台字英语作Tai

原始台語和語音演變[编辑]

參見侗台語族#原始侗台語侗台語族#語音演變

台語之系谱[编辑]

台語支 Tai

有人认为石语属于台語支北部组。还有人认为临高语也属于台語支。

舉例[编辑]

詞彙 泰语 老挝语 蘭納语 伊善语 掸语 傣仂语 壮语
/lom/ /lóm/ /lom/ /lom/ /lom4/ /lom/ /lum˧˩/
/mɯaŋ/ /mɯaŋ/ /mɯaŋ/ /mɯaŋ/ /mɤŋ4/ /mœŋ/ /mɯŋ6/
/din/ /din/ /din/ /din/ /lǐn1/ /din/ /tin6/
/fai/ /fái/ /fai/ /fai/ /pʰaj4/ or /fai4/ /fai/ /fei2/
心脏 /hŭa tɕai/ /hǔa cài/ /hua tɕai/ /hua tɕai/ /ho1 tsaɯ1/ /hua tɕai/ /taɯ

/

/rák/ /hāk/ /hag/ /hag/ /hak5/ /hag/ /nat2/
/náːm/ /nȃm/ /nam/ /nam/ /nam5/ /nam/ /nam4/

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Ostapirat W (2000). "Proto-Kra." In Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 23(1).

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Brown, J. Marvin. From Ancient Thai to Modern Dialects. Bangkok: Social Science Association Press of Thailand, 1965.
  • Chamberlain, James R. A New Look at the Classification of the Tai Languages. [s.l: s.n, 1972.
  • Conference on Tai Phonetics and Phonology, Jimmy G. Harris, and Richard B. Noss. Tai Phonetics and Phonology. [Bangkok: Central Institute of English Language, Office of State Universities, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 1972.
  • Diffloth, Gérard. An Appraisal of Benedict's Views on Austroasiatic and Austro-Thai Relations. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, 1976.
  • Đoàn, Thiện Thuật. Tay-Nung Language in the North Vietnam. [Tokyo?]: Instttute [sic] for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, 1996.
  • Gedney, William J. On the Thai Evidence for Austro-Thai. [S.l: s.n, 1976.
  • Gedney, William J., and Robert J. Bickner. Selected Papers on Comparative Tai Studies. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 29. Ann Arbor, Mich., USA: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1989. ISBN 0-89148-037-4
  • Gedney, William J., Carol J. Compton, and John F. Hartmann. Papers on Tai Languages, Linguistics, and Literatures: In Honor of William J. Gedney on His 77th Birthday. Monograph series on Southeast Asia. [De Kalb]: Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, 1992. ISBN 1-877979-16-3
  • Gedney, William J., and Thomas J. Hudak. (1995). William J. Gedney's central Tai dialects: glossaries, texts, and translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 43. Ann Arbor, Mich: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan ISBN 0-89148-075-7
  • Gedney, William J., and Thomas J. Hudak. William J. Gedney's the Yay Language: Glossary, Texts, and Translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 38. Ann Arbor, Mich: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991. ISBN 0-89148-066-8
  • Gedney, William J., and Thomas J. Hudak. William J. Gedney's Southwestern Tai Dialects: Glossaries, Texts and Translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 42. [Ann Arbor, Mich.]: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1994. ISBN 0-89148-074-9
  • Hudak, Thomas John. William J. Gedney's The Tai Dialect of Lungming: Glossary, Texts, and Translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 39. [Ann Arbor]: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991. ISBN 0-89148-067-6
  • Li, Fang-kuei. 1977. Handbook of Comparative Tai. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawai’i Press.
  • Li, Fang-kuei. The Tai Dialect of Lungchow; Texts, Translations, and Glossary. Shanghai: Commercial Press, 1940.
  • Østmoe, Arne. A Germanic-Tai Linguistic Puzzle. Sino-Platonic papers, no. 64. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Dept. of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 1995.
  • Sathāban Sūn Phāsā Qangkrit. Bibliography of Tai Language Studies. [Bangkok]: Indigenous Languages of Thailand Research Project, Central Institute of English Language, Office of State Universities, 1977.
  • Shorto, H. L. Bibliographies of Mon–Khmer and Tai Linguistics. London oriental bibliographies, v. 2. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.
  • Tingsabadh, Kalaya and Arthur S. Abramson. Essays in Tai Linguistics. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press, 2001. ISBN 974-347-222-3

外部鏈接[编辑]