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森姆·積遜

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Samuel L. Jackson
山繆·傑克森
Samuel L. Jackson SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg
積遜於2014年的聖地亞哥國際動漫展
男演员
出生 Samuel Leroy Jackson
(1948-12-21) 1948年12月21日69歲)
 美國華盛頓哥倫比亞特區
职业 演員監製
配偶 LaTanya Richardson(1980年結婚)
活跃年代 1972年至今
网站 www.samuelljackson.com
中国大陸 塞缪尔·杰克逊
臺灣 山繆·傑克森
港澳 森姆·積遜

山繆·勒羅伊·傑克森英语:Samuel Leroy Jackson,1948年12月21日)是一位美國男演員及監製。最廣為人知的作品有《侏羅紀公園》、《危險人物》和《星球大戰前傳I》、《II》及《III》,近作則有《復仇者聯盟》等。

事業初期演出的多是吸毒的癮君子及反派,1990年代得以轉型,開始演出一些正派角色,現時多飾演很強勢的二線配角角色。曾於1991年憑《色慾森林》在康城電影節獲一個為他特設的最佳男配角獎,也曾在1995年憑《危險人物》贏得英國影藝學院電影獎最佳男配角和獲得奧斯卡最佳男配角獎金球獎最佳男配角提名,亦曾於1998年憑《黑色終結令》(Jackie Brown)在柏林電影節贏得銀熊獎最佳男主角。

生平[编辑]

全名Samuel Leroy Jackson,1948年出生於美國華盛頓哥倫比亞特區,母親Elizabeth Jackson(閨姓Montgomery)當時為工廠女工。積遜幼時母親因工作關係把他送往田納西州查塔努加與她的父母(即森姆的外祖父母)同住,因此積遜上的小學及中學均是種族隔離學校。積遜從三年級起到中學畢業,一直在學校樂團中吹法國號小號

中學畢業後,積遜進入一所位於佐治亞州亞特蘭大傳統黑人大學——莫爾浩司學院繼續學業,主修海洋生物學。1968年,美國黑人民權領袖馬丁路德金遇刺身亡,積遜在金博士於亞特蘭大的喪禮中任其中一名領賓員(usher),更於其後乘飛機到孟菲斯參加一個平權抗議遊行。

積遜於大三那年轉到戲劇系,並創立了一個名叫「只是我們」(Just Us)的劇團。1969年,積遜與一班同學將莫爾浩司學院校董會的成員扣押起來,要求他們改善學院的行政及課程方向。學院最後的確作出改變,但積遜仍被控二級重罪非法禁錮」(unlawful confinement),定罪後更被學院停學兩年。最後積遜於1972年畢業,獲戲劇系文學士學位。

2011年榮登金氏世界紀錄「史上最高票房明星」,這紀錄是從1991年的《叢林熱》開始計算,之後他拍了上百部票房電影,合計票房為74億美金(約2225億台幣)。 過去20年,他總能演到賣座電影,如《星戰前傳》、《黑色追緝令》等。短短20年間,他平均1年拍4部電影,2009年更高達6部。

演出作品[编辑]

電影[编辑]

年份 電影 角色 備註
譯名 原名
1972 Together for Days Stan [1] First feature film for Jackson and Schultz.
1978 The Trial of the Moke[2]
1981 Ragtime [3] Gang Member No. 2 [4]
1987 Eddie Murphy Raw [5] Eddie's uncle [5] In a sketch that precedes concert footage.[5]
Uncle Tom's Cabin George
1988 Coming to America [4] Hold-Up Man [4]
學校萬花筒 School Daze [6] Leeds [6]
1989 為所應為 Do the Right Thing[7] Mister Señor Love Daddy [7]
驅魔人第三集 The Exorcist III [8] Blind Dream Man [9]
午夜驚情 Sea of Love [8] Black Guy [9]
Dead Man Out[10] Calvin Fredricks[11]
1990 盜亦有道 Goodfellas [12] Parnell Steven "Stacks" Edwards [13]
爵士風情 Mo' Better Blues [14] Madlock [11]
Def by Temptation[15] Minister Garth [11]
Betsy's Wedding[9] Taxi Dispatcher[9]
A Shock to the System[11] Ulysses[11]
The Return of Superfly [16] Nate Cabot[11]
1991 Strictly Business[17] Monroe[11]
色慾森林 Jungle Fever[18] Gator Purify [18]
1992 Juice [1] Trip [11]
天網追擊 Patriot Games [19] LCDR Robby Jackson[19]
White Sands [20] Greg Meeker[21]
Jumpin' at the Boneyard[1] Mr. Simpson [22]
Johnny Suede[23] B-Bop [24]
Fathers & Sons[25] Marshall[25]
1993 浪漫風暴 True Romance [26] Big Don [1]
社會威脅 Menace II Society Tat Lawson[27]
Loaded Weapon 1 [1] Sgt. Wes Luger [1]
黑白追緝令 Amos & Andrew[28] Andrew Sterling [28]
侏羅紀公園 Jurassic Park [1] John Raymond Arnold [1]
The Meteor Man[11] Dre[11]
1994 Fresh [29] Sam [29]
危險人物 Pulp Fiction [30] Jules Winnfield [30] 英國電影學院獎最佳男配角
提名奧斯卡最佳男配角獎
提名金球獎最佳電影男配角
提名美國演員工會獎最佳男配角
Against The Wall[31] Jamaal Television movie.[31]
提名金球獎最佳連續短劇與電視電影男主角
The New Age[32] Dale[32]
Hail Caesar[33] Mailman[11] Cameo.[33]
Assault at West Point: The Court-Martial of Johnson Whittaker[34] Richard Theodore Greener[34]
1995 致命佈局 Kiss of Death [35] Calvin Hart [35]
虎膽龍威第三集 Die Hard with a Vengeance [36] Zeus Carver [36]
Losing Isaiah[37] Kadar Lewis [37]
再世人狗緣 Fluke [38] Rumbo [38] Voice.[38]
Shaquille O'Neal: Larger than Life[39] Narrator[39]
1996 拳壇大老千 The Great White Hype [40] Rev. Fred Sultan [40]
殺戮時刻 A Time to Kill [1] Carl Lee Hailey [28] 提名金球獎最佳電影男配角
特工狂花》台灣譯《奪命總動員》 The Long Kiss Goodnight[41] Mitch Henessey [41]
賭國驚爆 Hard Eight [42] Jimmy[42]
Trees Lounge [28] Wendell
Teens and Guns: Preventing Violence[11] For use in schools.[43]
The Search for One-eye Jimmy[44] Colonel Ron[44]
1997 187:死亡代號 One Eight Seven[45] Trevor Garfield [45]
仲夏夜玫瑰 Eve's Bayou[1] Louis Batiste [1] Debut as a producer.[1]
黑色終結令 Jackie Brown[46] Ordell Robbie [1] 提名金球獎最佳音樂及喜劇類電影男主角
Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's[11]
The Directors: John Frankenheimer[47]
1998 深海圓疑 Sphere[48] Harry Adams [48]
冇數講 The Negotiator [49] Lt. Danny Roman [49]
紅提琴 The Red Violin [50] Charles Morritz [50]
至激關係 Out of Sight[51] Con man[51] Uncredited cameo[51]
1999 星球大戰前傳:魅影危機 Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace 魅使·雲度
水深火熱 Deep Blue Sea [52]
Forever Hollywood[11]
2000 烈血的規條 Rules of Engagement [53] Col. Terry L. Childers [53]
辣手刑警 Shaft[54] John Shaft[54]
不死劫 Unbreakable [55] Elijah Price [56]
2001 迷離感應 The Caveman's Valentine[57] Romulus Ledbetter [57] Executive producer.[1]
2002 連鎖導火線 Changing Lanes [58] Doyle Gipson[58]
星球大戰前傳II:複製人侵略 Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones 魅使·雲度
3X反恐暴族 xXx [1] Agent Augustus Gibbons [1]
《毒家交易》 The 51st State (Formula 51)[59] Elmo McElroy [59]
Fighting for Freedom: Revolution & Civil War[11] Narrator[11]
The Art of Action: Martial Arts in the Movies[60] Host[60]
Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives[61]
2003 基本懸兇 Basic [62] Sergeant Nathan West [62]
洛城特警 S.W.A.T. [63] Sgt. Dan 'Hondo' Harrelson [63]
追風特警 No Good Deed [64] Jack Friar [64]
2004 一夜情殺 Twisted[65] John Mills [65]
追殺比爾 Kill Bill Vol.2[1] Rufus [1]
超人特攻隊 The Incredibles[66] Lucius Best/Frozone[66] Voice.
In My Country [67] Langston Whitfield [67]
Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson[68] Jack Johnson[68] Voice.[68]
The N-Word[69] Himself[69]
2005 熱血教練 Coach Carter [70] Coach Ken Carter [70]
3X之特種叛變 xXx: State of the Union[1] Agent Augustus Gibbons [1]
星球大戰前傳III:黑帝君臨 Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith 魅使·雲度
芭樂拍檔 The Man [71] Derrick Vann [71]
2006 迷失森淵 Freedomland [72] Lorenzo Council [72]
毒蛇嚇機 Snakes on a Plane Neville Flynn [1]
Home of the Brave [73] Will Marsh [73]
Honor Deferred[74] Narrator[74]
2007 Farce of the Penguins [75] Narrator [75] Voice[75]
緣來自枷鎖 Black Snake Moan[76] Lazarus Woods [77] Also sang on the soundtrack[1]
1408 1408[78] Gerald Olin [78]
Resurrecting the Champ [79] Bob Satterfield [79]
清潔工 Cleaner [80] Tom Cutler [81]
Respect Yourself: The Stax Records Story [82] Narrator[82]
Stax 50th Anniversary Concert [83]
2008 越空行者 Jumper [84] Agent Roland Cox [85]
鐵甲奇俠 Iron Man [86] 尼克·福瑞[86] Uncredited cameo[86]
星際大戰動畫:複製人戰爭 Star Wars: The Clone Wars 魅使·雲度 Voice
合法侵入 Lakeview Terrace [87] Abel Turner [87]
靈魂歌手 Soul Men [88] Louis Hinds[88]
幽靈奇俠 The Spirit [89] The Octopus [89]
2009 愛在你左右 Mother and Child Paul
阿童木 Astro Boy Zog Voice only
希魔撞正殺人狂 Inglourious Basterds Narrator Voice only, uncredited
Quantum Quest: A Cassini Space Odyssey [90] Fear Voice only, post-production
Blown [91] Julian Lezard [91] Pre-production
Vengeance: A Love Story [92] John Dromoor Pre-production
2010 戰略特勤組 Unthinkable Henry Harold 'H' Humphries
鐵甲奇俠2 Iron Man 2 尼克·福瑞
《B咖戰警》 The Other Guys [93] Detective Highsmith Post-production.
2011 Running Wild TBA Pre-production
雷神索爾 Thor 尼克·福瑞
美國隊長:復仇者先鋒 Captain America:The First Avenger 尼克·福瑞
Sympathy for the Devil Announced
2012 復仇者聯盟 The Avengers 尼克·福瑞
決殺令 Django Unchained Stephen
2013 渦輪方程式 Turbo 鞭策 配音
復仇 Oldboy Chaney
搜索戰 Reasonable Doubt Clinton Davis
2014 鐵甲威龍 RoboCop Pat Novak
美國隊長2:酷寒戰士 Captain America: The Winter Soldier 尼克·福瑞
風箏 Kite Karl Aker
總統遊戲 Big Game 總統
2015 金牌特務 Kingsman: The Secret Service 里奇蒙·范倫坦
復仇者聯盟2:奧創紀元 Avengers: Age of Ultron 尼克·福瑞
刺客学妹 Barely Lethal Hardman
芝拉克 Chi-Raq Dolmedes
八惡人 The Hateful Eight Major Marquis Warren
2016 科技浩劫 Cell Tom McCourt
泰山傳奇 The Legend of Tarzan George Washington Williams
怪奇孤兒院 Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children Mr. Barron
2017 限制級戰警:重返極限 xXx: The Return of Xander Cage Augustus Gibbons
金剛:骷髏島 Kong: Skull Island Packard
殺手保鑣 The Hitman's Bodyguard Darius Kincaid
獨角獸商店 Unicorn Store The Salesman
2018 超人特攻隊2 Incredibles 2 Lucius Best / Frozone
刀鋒劍客 Blazing Samurai Jimbo
復仇者聯盟3:無限之戰 Avengers: Infinity War 尼克·福瑞
2019 異裂 Glass Elijah Price / Mr. Glass
驚奇隊長 Captain Marvel 尼克·福瑞
復仇者聯盟4 Untitled Avengers film
Shaft John Shaft
蜘蛛人:離家日 Spider-Man: Far From Home 尼克·福瑞

電視[编辑]

年份 劇集 角色 備註
譯名 原名
1991 律政風雲 Law & Order Taggert Episode "The Violence of Summer"
1992 Ghostwriter Reggie Jenkins
1997 Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child The Mayor (voice) Episode "The Pied Piper"
2001 The Proud Family Joseph (voice) Episode "Seven Days of Kwanzaa"
2005-2007 The Boondocks Gin Rummy Voice for three episodes
2005 攝位人 Extras 本人 Episode "Samuel L Jackson"
2007 Afro Samurai Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Voice only; executive producer
2009 Afro Samurai: Resurrection Afro Samurai/Ninja Ninja Voice only; producer
Un-broke: What You Need to Know About Money Author of self-help books Television special

其餘配音[编辑]

Year Title Role Notes
2004 Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas Officer Frank Tenpenny Video game
2010 Iron Man 2: The Video Game[94] Nick Fury forthcoming video game

參註[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 {{url=http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000168/?ref_=tt_cl_t11
  2. ^ The Trial of the Moke (1978). New York Times. [2009-06-04]. 
  3. ^ Schaefer, Stephen. Cinematheque salutes Samuel L. Jackson. Variety. Nov. 26, 2008, [2009-05-19]. (原始内容存档于2013-01-05). 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Spelling, Ian. Soul survivor. The Record. 2008-11-04 [2009-05-20]. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Barrick, Lucy. Work experience - the stars before they were famous. The Guardian. 1999-11-01 [2009-05-19]. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Suggs, Ernie. Black-college alums find success in Hollywood.. BlackVoices.com & Black Voices Quarterly. 2002-08-15 [2009-05-20]. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Eberson, Sharon. The definition of cool? Samuel L. Jackson. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2006-08-20 [2009-05-20]. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Rader, Dotson. He Found His Voice (Film actor Samuel L. Jackson). Parade Magazine. 2005-01-09 [2009-05-20]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Malkin, Marc. Justin Timberlake's Man Love for Samuel L. Jackson. E! Online. 2008-12-02 [2009-05-21]. 
  10. ^ Dead Man Out. New York Times. [2009-06-04]. 
  11. ^ 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 Samuel L. Jackson › Filmography. MTV. [2009-05-21]. 
  12. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为jungle fever的参考文献提供内容
  13. ^ Hamann, John. Weekend Wrap-Up. Box Office Prophets. 2008-09-21 [2009-05-20]. 
  14. ^ Fretts, Bruce. The Making of a Hit Man. Entertainment Weekly. [2009-05-20]. 
  15. ^ Westbrook, Caroline. Lloyd Kaufman. Something Jewish. 07/11/2003 [2009-05-20]. 
  16. ^ Ellington, Barbara. 'A Song for You'. Jamaica Gleaner. 2006-03-26 [2009-05-21]. (原始内容存档于2012年5月31日). 
  17. ^ Ross, Dalton; Bruce Fretts, Marc Bernardin, Dan Snierson, Jessica Shaw. What to Watch for week of March 10. Entertainment Weekly. 2003-03-14 [2009-05-20]. 
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 Lisa, Rosen. Colleagues praise Samuel L. Jackson at American Cinematheque. Los Angeles Times. 2008-12-03 [2009-05-20]. 
  19. ^ 19.0 19.1 Noyce, Phillip. Work experience. The Guardian. 2000-10-30 [2009-05-21]. 
  20. ^ Travers, Peter. White Sands. Rolling Stone. 2001-04-18 [2009-05-21]. 
  21. ^ Barclay, Barclay. 'White Sands' tells of murder in Mexico. Rome News-Tribune. 1993-05-11 [2009-05-21]. 
  22. ^ Canby, Vincent. Review/Film; Two Brothers in the Bronx On a Round of Emptiness. The New York Times. 1992-09-18 [2009-05-21]. 
  23. ^ Peter, Travers. http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/dvd/5947431/review/5947432/johnny_suede. Rolling Stone. 2001-02-14 [2009-05-21].  外部链接存在于|title= (帮助)
  24. ^ Wilmington, Michael. MOVIE REVIEWS `Suede' Takes a Walk in Dean's Shoes. Los Angeles Times. 1992-08-21: 6 [2009-05-21]. 
  25. ^ 25.0 25.1 Fathers and Sons. Variety. [2009-05-21]. (原始内容存档于2009-06-11). 
  26. ^ Blacklock, Mark. Win True Romance on DVD. The Telegraph. 2009-02-20 [2009-05-21]. 
  27. ^ A Ghetto Goodfellas. Film Stew. 2005-06-22 [2009-05-21]. 
  28. ^ 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 Rochlin, Margy. FILM; Tough Guy Finds His Warm and Fuzzy Side. The New York Times. 1997-11-02 [2009-05-21]. 
  29. ^ 29.0 29.1 Travers, Peter. Fresh. Rolling Stone. 2001-02-13 [2009-05-21]. 
  30. ^ 30.0 30.1 Pulp Fiction. Rolling Stone. 2000-12-08 [2009-05-21]. 
  31. ^ 31.0 31.1 Against the Wall (1994). The New York Times. [2009-05-21]. 
  32. ^ 32.0 32.1 Maslin, Janet. The New Age (1994). New York Times. 1994-09-16 [2009-06-04]. 
  33. ^ 33.0 33.1 Bickley, Claire. No longer nerd prince. Jam!. [2009-06-04]. (原始内容存档于2009-06-10). 
  34. ^ 34.0 34.1 Assault at West Point: The Court-Martial of Johnson Whittaker (1994). New York Times. [2009-06-04]. 
  35. ^ 35.0 35.1 Turan, Kenneth. Kiss of Death. Baltimore Sun. 1996-04-06 [2009-05-21]. (原始内容存档于2011年6月4日). 
  36. ^ 36.0 36.1 Ranier, Peter. Rev. of Die Hard With a Vengeance. Los Angeles Times (via Hartford Courant). 1995-05-19 [2009-05-21]. 
  37. ^ 37.0 37.1 Maslin, Janet. Losing Isaiah (1995). The New York Times. [2009-05-21]. 
  38. ^ 38.0 38.1 38.2 James, Caryn. Fluke (1995). The New York Times. [2009-05-21]. 
  39. ^ 39.0 39.1 Shaquille O'Neal: Larger than Life. AMC. [2009-06-04]. (原始内容存档于2009-06-11). 
  40. ^ 40.0 40.1 Tucker, Ken. The Great White Hype (1996). Entertainment Weekly. [2009-05-21]. 
  41. ^ 41.0 41.1 Thomas, Kevin. Rev. of The Long Kiss Goodnight. Los Angeles Times. 1996-10-11 [2009-05-21]. 
  42. ^ 42.0 42.1 McManus, Kevin. Rev. of Hard Eight. Washington Post. 1997-02-28 [2009-05-21]. 
  43. ^ Teens and Guns: Preventing Violence (PDF). Described and Captioned Media Program. [2009-06-04]. 
  44. ^ 44.0 44.1 Holden, Stephen. Rev. of The Search For One-Eye Jimmy (1996). New York Times. 1996-06-21 [2009-06-04]. 
  45. ^ 45.0 45.1 Genzlinger, Neil. Movies: Critic's Choice. The New York Times. 2003-09-07 [2009-05-21]. 
  46. ^ Gilbey, Ryan. New films: reviews. The Independent. 1998-03-21 [2009-05-21]. 
  47. ^ The Directors: John Frankenheimer:Synopsis. MSN Movies. [2009-06-04]. 
  48. ^ 48.0 48.1 Maslin, Janet. Sphere (1998). The New York Times. [2009-05-21]. 
  49. ^ 49.0 49.1 Turan, Kenneth. Rev. of The Negotiator. Los Angeles Times. 1998-07-28 [2009-05-21]. 
  50. ^ 50.0 50.1 Sragow, Michael. "Making film is making music". Salon. 1999-07-01 [2009-05-21]. 
  51. ^ 51.0 51.1 51.2 Quinn, Anthony. Film: The Big Pictures: The sheer sexiness of strangers. The Independent. 1998-11-26 [2009-06-04]. 
  52. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Deep Blue Sea的参考文献提供内容
  53. ^ 53.0 53.1 引用错误:没有为名为Rules of engagement的参考文献提供内容
  54. ^ 54.0 54.1 LaSalle, Mick. So Bad, So Good. San Francisco Chronicle. 2000-06-16 [2009-05-21]. 
  55. ^ MOVIE GUIDE. New York Times. 2000-12-01 [2009-05-20]. 
  56. ^ The best Samuel L. Jackson scene. The Guardian. 2001-01-17 [2009-05-20]. 
  57. ^ 57.0 57.1 Garrett, Kellye M. The Caveman Approach. New York Daily News. 2001-02-25 [2009-05-21]. 
  58. ^ 58.0 58.1 Goldsworthy, Fred. Rev. of Changing Lanes. ABC. [2009-05-21]. 
  59. ^ 59.0 59.1 Rev. of Formula 51. Hartford Courant. 2002-10-18 [2009-05-22]. 
  60. ^ 60.0 60.1 Bates, Mack. The Art of Action: Martial Arts in the Movies. The Leader. 2002-01-29 [2009-06-04]. (原始内容存档于2009年6月11日). 
  61. ^ Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narratives. HBO. [2009-06-04]. 
  62. ^ 62.0 62.1 Conn, Kathleen. Travolta Gets Down to the Basics in Interview. Boston College Heights. 2003-06-01 [2009-05-22]. (原始内容存档于2009年6月11日). 
  63. ^ 63.0 63.1 S.W.A.T. takes a good thing too far. CTV News. 2003-08-06 [2009-05-22]. 
  64. ^ 64.0 64.1 No Good Deed (2002). The New York Times. [2009-05-22]. 
  65. ^ 65.0 65.1 Scott, A. O. Watching Old Lovers Turn Into Dead Ones. The New York Times. 2004-02-27 [2009-05-22]. 
  66. ^ 66.0 66.1 Zacharek, Stephanie. Rev. of The Incredibles. Salon. [2009-05-22]. 
  67. ^ 67.0 67.1 Overstreet, Jeffrey. Rev. of In My Country. Christianity Today. 2005-03-11 [2009-05-22]. 
  68. ^ 68.0 68.1 68.2 Holden, Stephen. Downed for Smashing the Color Bar. New York Times. 2004-10-09 [2009-06-04]. 
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